TO: Mr. Andrew
March 4, 1915

D.E.S. Bureau B


Commanding General 8th.Army (D.E.S.)
Medical Inspector, Head Supervisor of the Sanitary Service of the 8th Army
Headquarters Commander
Director of the Automobile Service
Sub-Director, 2nd Group, Headquarters
Director of Civilian Sanitary Section Service


A group of civilian sanitary sections is attached to the D.E.S. (8th Army & Nieuport Group).

This group includes units of different nationalities and notably:

elements from the French SMB Red Cross Society
elements from the British Red Cross Society
elements from the Friends Ambulance
elements from the Ambulance of the American Hospital of Neuilly, etc.

In case of justified reasons, these organizations retain the right to withdraw their cars; but such case they will not be able to put them at the disposition of any other French army.

Likewise the Army Commander may withdraw from these organizations the licences granted by this order.


I. Each of these organizations will form one or many sections of a variable number of cars (ambulances); such number not being able to be less than 6 nor more than 30.

These sections will be numbered:

French Red Cross: S.S.F.1, S.S.F.2., etc.........
British Red Cross and Friends Ambulance: S.S.A.11, S.S.A. 12., etc.......
Ambulance of the American Hospital of Neuilly: S.S.U.1, S.S.U.2, etc......

II. Each section will be placed under the orders of a section chief designated by the organization it belongs to.

This section chief will command the service, following the orders received by the D.E.S. He will be responsible for the upkeep and maintenance of the cars. He will propose whatever punishment he judges necessary for his personnel.

III. All of the English sections will be placed under the orders of the Honorable Lionel Holland.

IV. A French officer, assisted by an interpreter and a French non-com, residing at the D.E.S., is given the duty of serving as an intermediary between the D.E.S. on the one hand, and the section chiefs on the other.

He is given the following specific duties:

1. to transmit the orders to the section chiefs and oversee their execution.
2. to exercise continual surveillance of the personnel regarding general discipline and police regulations.
3. relations with the automobile service for supplies and repair.

The non-com accountant is given the duty, under the direction of the French officer, of carrying out the formalities for obtaining the rations which the unit's personnel have a right to.


I. The cars will be registered and will carry a licence number and series number. This number will be painted in clear evidence on the car.

II. Each section will include a workshop-car with two mechanics for ongoing maintenance and simple repairs.

III. Each organization should possess, if possible, a motor-park which is able to carry out major repairs.

If necessary, the Army Automobile motor-park, upon requisition by the French officer, will carry out all repairs judged to be indispensable.

IV. Gasoline, tires and various parts will be furnished by the automobile motor-parks of the military units which these sections are attached to.

These supplies will be obtained upon presentation of a regular ration-ticket, signed by the section chief.


The personnel of the sanitary sections have the right to the supply services given to the unit designated by the D.E.S. and which will be give the duty to administer them (a detachment of the 4th train squadron assigned to HQ).

The chiefs of the sanitary sections will have the right to have the rations given to a second lieutenant, not including any disbursement of monies.

Daily attendance of the men of the sanitary section personnel will be recorded on a monthly sheet kept as prescribed by the confidential ministerial order relative to the wartime administration of isolated Army HQ units.

The monthly sheets will be certified by the French officer charged with general surveillance and specially given this task.


I. The drivers of the automobile-cars of the sanitary sections must conform to the rules of march discipline.

These rules will be brought to their attention by the French officer of the automobile service.

II. Each driver should in principle be assigned a car for which he will be given a driving permit for one or a number of specifically determined itineraries.

Any change of itinerary must be requested from the D.E.S. by the French officer since it will require the obtaining of a new permit.

III. The male nurses who will accompany the drivers will also be provided with a permit for traveling with the cars of their section.

IV. The Officer in charge of overseeing the personnel will propose to the Director of the D.E.S. any suspensions, replacements and dismissal of personnel for infraction of discipline or for any other fault committed, after having consulted with the section chief.

The punishment will be carried out by the Group Commander or the section chiefs.

V. The Director of Support and Services can ask the representative of the unit's parent organization to replace any section chief who might be guilty of having committed a serious error in service.


I. Drivers and male-nurses will be lodged wherever the D.E.S. specifies.

II. The cars will be parked at the place designed by the Lodging Commander.


Colonel MORIER
Dr. Bernard OUTRY

Directors of the 8th army sanitary sections

original document in French

Note: This "etc." ---i.e. S.S.U.1, S.S.U.2, etc.---includes the two Norton units, SSU 5&6, and the Harjes units, SSU 7&11.