75th Congress, 1st Session

House Document No, 347

Memorial Services

HELD IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
OF THE UNITED STATES, TOGETHER WITH
REMARKS PRESENTED IN EULOGY OF

Abram Piatt Andrew

LATE A REPRESENTATIVE
FROM MASSACHUSETTS

Seventy-fifth Congress
First Session

UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
WASHINGTON 1938

 

PREPARED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF
THE JOINT COMMITTEE ON PRINTING

 

Contents

Biography

Memorial services in the House

Memorial service program

Prayer by Rev. James Share Montgomery
Roll of deceased Members, read by Mr. A. E. Chaffee, reading clerk of the House
Address by Mr. John H. Tolan, of California
Address by Mr. Dewey Short, of Missouri
Benediction by the Chaplain

Memorial addresses:

Mr. George J. Bates, of Massachusetts
Mr. John W. McCormack, or Massachusetts
Mr. Richard B. Wigglesworth, or Massachusetts
Mr. Joseph W. Martin, Jr., of Massachusetts
Mr. Charles R. Clason, or Massachusetts
Mr. Robert Luce, of Massachusetts
Mrs. Edith Nourse Rogers, of Massachusetts

Proceedings in the House

Proceedings in the Senate

 

Biography

ABRAM PIATT ANDREW, Jr., was born in La Porte, La Porte County, Ind., February 12, 1873; attended the public schools and the Lawrenceville (N. J.) School; was graduated from Princeton College in 1893; member of the Harvard Graduate School of Arts and Sciences 1893-98; pursued postgraduate studies in the Universities of Halle, Berlin, and Paris; moved to Gloucester, Mass,, and was instructor and assistant professor of economics in Harvard University 1900-1909; expert assistant and editor of publications of the National Monetary Commission 1908-11; Director of the Mint 1909 and 1910; Assistant Secretary of the Treasury 1910-12; served in France continuously for 4-1/2 years, during the World War, first with the French and later with the United States Army; commissioned major, United States National Army, in September 1917 and promoted to lieutenant colonel September 1918; awarded the Croix de Guerre and the Legion of Honor medal by the Republic of France in 1917 and the distinguished service medal by the United States Government in 1918; elected as a Republican to the Sixty-seventh Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Willfred W. Lufkin; reelected to the Sixty-eighth and to the six succeeding Congresses, and served from September 27, 1921, until his death; delegate to the Republican National Conventions at Cleveland in 1924 and at Kansas City in 1928; member of the board of trustees of Princeton University 1932-36; died in Gloucester, Mass., June 3, 1936; remains were cremated and the ashes scattered from an airplane flying over his estate at Eastern Point, Gloucester, Mass.

 

In the House of Representatives

TUESDAY, May 18, 1937.

Mr. JARMAN. Mr. Speaker, I ask unanimous consent for the immediate consideration of the resolution (H. Res. 215).

The Clerk read the resolution, as follows:

House Resolution 215

Resolved, That on Wednesday. May 26, 1937, immediately after the approval of the Journal, the Rouse shall stand at recess for the purpose of holding the memorial services as arranged by the Committee on Memorials, under the provisions of clause 40-A of rule XI. The order of exercises and proceedings of the service shall be printed in the Congressional Record, and all Members shall have leave to extend their remarks in the Congressional Record until the last issue of the Record of the first session of the Seventy-fifth Congress on the life, character, and public service of the deceased Members. At the conclusion of the proceedings the Speaker shall call the House to order, and then, as a further mark of respect to the memories of the deceased, he shall declare the House adjourned.

*        *        *        *        *

The resolution was agreed to.

 

 

Memorial Services
in the
House of Representatives
=============
Seventy-fifth Congress
First Session

 

Memorial Service Program

Prelude, Sacred Selections (11:30 to 12)
            United States Marine Band Orchestra

Presiding Officer
            The Speaker pro tempore of the House of Representatives

Invocation
            The Chaplain, Dr. James Shera Montgomery

God Shall Wipe Away All Tears ............................Caro Roma
            Caroline Macklin Hughes

Scripture Reading and Prayer
            The Chaplain

Roll of Deceased Members
            The Clerk of the House of Representatives

Devotional Silence.

Address .................................Hon. JOHN H. TOLAN
                          Representative from the State of California

There Is No Death ..............................O'Hara
            Mary J. Mitchell

Address ...............................Hon. DEWEY SHORT
                          Representative from the State of Missouri

Cornet Solo---Going Home .................................Winfred Kemp
            Principal Musician, United States Marine Band Orchestra

Benediction
            The Chaplain

 

 

Abram Piatt Andrew

Memorial Services

WEDNESDAY, May 26, 1937.

The Speaker pro tempore (Mr. WARREN) presided.

The Chaplain, Dr. Montgomery:

I am the resurrection and the life; he that believeth in Me, though he were dead, yet shall he live; and whosoever liveth. and believeth in Me shall never die.

For we know that if the earthly house of our tabernacle be dissolved, we have a building from God, a house not made with hands, eternal, in the heavens.

Let not your heart be troubled; ye believe in God, believe also in Me. In my Father's house are many mansions; if it were not so. I would have told you; for I go to prepare a place for you. And if I go and prepare a place for you, I come again and will receive you unto Myself, that where I am, there ye may be also.

Lord, Thou hast been our dwelling place in all generations. Before the mountains were brought forth, or ever Thou hadst formed the earth and the world, even from everlasting to everlasting, Thou art God.

If on a quiet sea,
Toward heaven we calmly sail,
With grateful hearts, O God, to Thee
We'll own the favoring gale.

But should the surges rise,
And rest delay to come,
Blest be the tempest, kind the storm
That drives us nearer home.

Almighty God, unto whom all hearts are open, all desires known, and from whom no secrets are hid, cleanse the thoughts of our hearts by the inspiration of Thy holy spirit, that we may perfectly love Thee and worthily magnify Thy holy name. Through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

Our Father which art in heaven, hallowed be Thy name. Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread, and forgive us our trespasses as we forgive those who trespass against us. And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil; for Thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory forever. Amen.

 

Caroline Macklin Hughes sang "God Shall Wipe Away All Tears", by Caro Roma.

 

ROLL OF DECEASED MEMBERS

Mr. A. E. Chaffee, reading clerk of the House, read the following roll:

PARK TRAMMELL, SENATOR FROM THE STATE OF FLORIDA

Lawyer; editor; mayor of Lakeland, 1899-1903; member of the State legislature; attorney general of Florida; Governor of Florida, 1913-17; elected to the United States Senate in 1916, 1922, 1928. 1984. Died May 8, 1936,

DUNCAN UPSHAW FLETCHER, SENATOR FROM THE STATE OF FLORIDA

Lawyer; member of the Florida State Legislature; mayor of Jacksonville; chairman board of public instruction of Duval County, 1900-1906; chairman State Democratic executive committee; elected to the United States Senate, 1908, 1914, 1920, 1926, 1932. Died June 17, 1936.

RICHARD LOWS MURPHY, SENATOR FROM THE STATE OF IOWA

Editor; Collector of internal revenue for Iowa, 1913-20; income tax counselor; elected to the United States Senate November 8, 1932. Died July 16. 1936.

JAMES COUZENS, SENATOR FROM THE STATE OF MICHIGAN

Banker; director, Detroit Trust Co.; commissioner of street railways, 1913-15; commissioner metropolitan police department, 1916-18; mayor of Detroit, 1919-22; appointed to United States Senate November 29, 1922, and subsequently elected for unexpired term; reelected 1924, 1930. Died October 22, 1936.

PETER NORBECK, SENATOR FROM THE STATE OF SOUTH DAKOTA

Farmer; contractor; member State senate, 1909-13; Lieutenant Governor, 1915-16; Governor of South Dakota, 1917-21; delegate, Republican national convention, 1924; elected to the United States Senate, 1920, 1926, 1932. Died December 20, 1936.

NATHAN LYNN BACHMAN, SENATOR FROM THE STATE OF TENNESSEE

Lawyer; city attorney of Chattanooga, 1906-8; circuit judge, 1912-18; associate justice of the supreme Court of Tennessee, 1918-24; appointed to the United States Senate February 28, 1933, subsequently elected for unexpired term; reelected 1936. Died April 23, 1937.

JOHN THEODORE BUCKBEE, TWELFTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT OF ILLINOIS

Businessman; horticulturist, receiving technical training in this subject in Austria, France, Holland, Denmark, Sweden, Belgium, Italy, and Great Britain; Member of the Seventieth, Seventy-first, Seventy-second, Seventy-third, and Seventy-fourth Congresses. Died April 23, 1936.

WILLIAM DAVID THOMAS, TWENTY-NINTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT OF NEW YORK

Pharmacist; businessman; banker; town clerk of Hoosick, 1917-25; member of the New York State Legislature, 1925-26; Rensselaer County treasurer, 1927; Member of the Seventy-third and Seventy-fourth Congresses. Died May 17. 1936.

RANDOLPH PERSONS, SEVENTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT OF NEW JERSEY

Lawyer; member New Jersey Legislature, 1905-7; mayor of Westfield, 1903-5; Member of the Sixty-seventh and each succeeding Congress. Died May 25. 1936.

ABRAM PIATT ANDREW, SIXTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT OF MASSACHUSETTS

Educator; editor; soldier; Director of the Mint, 1909-10; Assistant Secretary of the Treasury, 1910-12; Member of the Sixty-seventh and each succeeding Congress. Died June 3. 1936.

JOSEPH WELLINGTON BYRNS, FIFTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT OF TENNESSEE

Lawyer, three times elected to the lower house of the Tennessee Legislature; speaker of that body in 1899; elected to the State senate. 1900; Democratic Presidential elector, 1904; Member of the Sixty-first and each succeeding Congress; chairman, Democratic National Congressional Committee; chairman, Committee on Appropriations, Seventy-second Congress; majority floor leader. Seventy-third Congress; Speaker, Seventy-fourth Congress. Died June 4, 1936.

BERNHARD MARTIN JACOBSEN, SECOND CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT OF IOWA

Banker; postmaster or Clinton, Iowa, 1914-23; organizer and president of the Clinton Thrift Co.; director. City National Bank; Member of the Seventy-second, Seventy-third, and Seventy-fourth Congresses. Died June 30, 1936.

WARREN JOSEPH DUFFEY, NINTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT OF OHIO

Lawyer; member of the General Assembly of Ohio, 1913-14; member of the Toledo City Council, 1917-18; elected to the Seventy-third and Seventy-fourth Congresses. Died July 7. 1936.

JOHN JACKSON M'SWAIN, FOURTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT OF SOUTH CAROLINA

Lawyer; teacher; soldier; member of the Interparliamentary Union; grand master of the I. O. O. F. of South Carolina; president of the Sons of Confederate Veterans; Member of the Sixty-seventh and each succeeding Congress; Chairman of the Committee on Military Affairs. Died August 6, 1936.

MARION ANTHONY ZIONCHECK, FIRST CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT OF WASHINGTON

Lawyer; civic leader; born in Kety, Poland. December 5, 1900; came to America at the age of 3. Graduate in law, University of Washington, president of the student body; Member of the Seventy-third and Seventy-fourth Congresses. Died August 7, 1936.

WILLIAM VORIS GREGORY, FIRST CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT OF KENTUCKY

Lawyer; Judge, Graves County Court two terms; United States attorney, western district of Kentucky; Member of the Seventieth, Seventy-first, Seventy-second, Seventy-third, and Seventy-fourth Congresses. Died October 10. 1936.

GLOVER H. CARY, SECOND CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT OF KENTUCKY

Lawyer; twice elected to the Kentucky Legislature; county attorney, McLean County, 1918-21; elected Commonwealth attorney in 1921 and 1927; delegate to the Democratic national convention In 1932; Member of the Seventy-second, Seventy-third, and Seventy-fourth Congresses. Elected to the Seventy-fifth Congress. Died December 5, 1936.

ANDREW JACKSON MONTAGUE, THIRD CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT OF VIRGINIA

Lawyer; teacher; author; United States attorney; attorney general of Virginia, 1898-1902; Governor of Virginia, 1902-6; delegate to the Third Conference American Republics at Rio de Janeiro in 1906; delegate to Third International Conference of Maritime law at Brussels. 1909-10; president, American Group Interparliamentary Union, 1930-35; Member of the Sixty-third and each succeeding Congress. Died January 24, 1937.

JAMES PAUL BUCHANAN, TENTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT OF TEXAS

Lawyer; Justice of the peace, Washington County. 1889-92; prosecuting attorney, 1892-99; district attorney, 1899-1906; member of the State house of representatives, 1906-13; Member of the Sixty-third and each succeeding Congress; member of the Committee on Appropriations, 1915-37, and chairman of that committee, Seventy-third and Seventy-fourth Congresses; chairman, Select Committee On Government Organization. Died February 22. 1937.

HENRY ELDEST STUBBS, TENTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA

Minister; horticulturist; Member of the Seventy-third, Seventy-fourth, and Seventy-fifth Congresses. Died February 28, 1937.

BENJAMIN KURTZ FOCHT, EIGHTEENTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT OF PENNSYLVANIA

Editor; publisher; State water supply commissioner; deputy secretary of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania; Member of the Sixtieth, Sixty-first. Sixty-second. Sixty-fourth. Sixty-fifth. Sixty-sixth, Sixty-seventh, Seventy-third, Seventy-fourth, and Seventy-fifth Congresses. Died March 27, 1937.

 

Then followed 1 minute of devotional silence.

 

Hon. JOHN H. TOLAN, a Representative from the State of California, delivered the following address:

ADDRESS OF HON. JOHN H. TOLAN

Mr. Speaker, once a year the Senate and House of Representatives, the Congress of the United States, meets and dedicates one day of each session to our colleagues who have left us for the realms of immortality. Memories are here that cannot all be spoken, and feelings which are the sweetest and holiest within the human heart.

Life's story is soon told. In terms of centuries our lives are only seconds on the calendar of time. Millions of people have come and gone; millions are living, and soon this great army of human beings will take its place with the mighty hosts of the dead.

We are but tiny ants on the surface of the earth, floating in space among minions of other planets and stars and moving at tremendous speed around that glorious orb the sun. If our planet to which we are all clinging should pause on its axis for a millionth part of a second, human life would cease to exist.

Men live and die; they slave and toil with governmental and individual problems; they taste joy and sorrow; build massive structures as though time will never fade them, praying and believing we will be happier tomorrow than we are today.

And it is this beautiful star of human hope shining brightly in the blue sky of our souls that carries us over the storms and stress of sorrow, sickness, and death.

How much do the dead affect the living? We do not know. If they are here today, they must be close to their colleagues, for they are entitled to the privileges of the floor.

At the opening of the Seventy-fifth Congress we all heard these memorable words coming from our present Speaker, referring to our late beloved Speaker: "I cannot but feel that somehow and in some way his spiritual presence and his solicitude still abide within this Chamber."

It is a sweet thought to believe our departed Speaker and our colleagues who went with him are listening to these ceremonies dedicated to their memories, if they are here in their spiritual forms with the experiences of life and eternity back of them, they might say to us:

"We are happy you have not forgotten us. We know the joys, the affection, the toil, and worries of a Congressman; we were hurt at times for things we did not say, for things we did not do, as you have been and as others have been since the creation of mankind. We were criticized as you have been, but remember that it is one of the highest honors within the gift of the American people to represent them in the Halls of Congress and that the real heart of the American people is sound."

They might tell us not to bear from yesterday one bitterness on to tomorrow. for they found out in their eternal home people were so much better than they were said to be here below.

There is no more important session of Congress than meeting in memory of our beloved dead. All the tenderness within the human soul shines forth in its splendor today and all present will be better and happier for it. Such is the uncertainty of life that this identical audience will never meet again on earth.

Our time will come. We will follow them. But today belongs to our departed dead.

Let us think that their dying eyes read a mystic meaning which only the rapt and parting soul may know. Let us believe that in the silence of the receding world they heard the waves breaking on the farther shore and felt upon their brows the breath of eternal morning.

The divine decree that went forth when man was first created still stands unrecalled. All men have to die. The rich, the poor, the white, the black, the king, the subject, all alike have sooner or later to embark on the river that flows forever from the shores of life to the shores of eternity, and all alike have to one day stand at the tremendous bar of God.

Of all the things in this vast world of which man has knowledge, the most certain and sudden of them all is death. "I come like a thief in the night", says the Lord. He plucks a tiny little bud, the hope and sunshine of a fond father and mother, at one place; a beautiful flower in full bloom, with the star of success shining brightly upon it, at another place; and then beckons to another, faded and withered at the sunset of life. And so on down the ages will He continue until the "trumpet of the archangel shall sound to announce that time shall be no more."

Attending as we are today this beautiful memorial service, dedicated to our departed colleagues, the question arises in our minds, Shall we ever meet again? Shall we ever see them as we used to know them, hear the kind tones of the familiar delight? Or is this the end of our being? A few joys and a few sorrows from babyhood to old age, and then the grave. Have our loved ones gone forever? This is best answered in the words of the past:

Gone forever! Ever? No---for since our dying race began
Ever, ever, and forever, was the leading light of man.
Those that in barbarian burials, kill'd the slave and slew the wife
Felt within themselves the sacred passion or the second life.

Indian warriors dream of ampler hunting grounds beyond the night;
Ev'n the black Australian, dying, hopes he shall return, a white.

Truth for truth and good for good!
The good, the true, the pure, the just.
Take the charm "forever" from them and then crumble into dust.

No; this cannot be the end of our being.

I leave my body as armor, which fatigues me by its weight, to continue my infinite ascension to the heaven of heavens, bathed in light eternal.

No; It cannot be, for the Saviour of mankind never carried His bloody cross to the hill of Cavalry in order that man might be born and then destroyed forever. "Our Father who art in heaven" does not reign as an instrument of destruction, but to call His children to their eternal home beyond the skies.

Unite in thought at the same instant the most beautiful objects in Nature. Suppose that you see at once all of the hours of the day and all the seasons of the year; a morning of spring and a morning of autumn; a night bespangled with stars and a night darkened by clouds; meadows enameled with flowers; forests hoary with snow; fields gilded by the tints of the autumn---then alone you will have a just conception of the universe.

While you are gazing on that sun which is plunging into the vault of the west, another observer admires it emerging from the golden gates of the east. By what inconceivable power does that aged star, which is sinking, fatigued and burning in the shades of the evening, reappear at the same instant fresh and humid with the rosy dew of the morning? At every hour of the day the glorious orb is at once rising, resplendent as noonday, and setting in the west; or, rather, our senses deceive us, and there is, properly speaking, no east or west, no north or south in the world.

In mourning for our dead, let us not forget the living. Through the silver tears of sympathy, let us outline against the golden sky of human hope the universal brotherhood of man. In the silence and stillness of the tomb, about which are clustered the sweet memories of our departed colleagues, let us pierce the veil of the mysterious future and see mankind made a little happier and a little better for having mourned for our departed ones today.

God has written upon the blossoms that sweeten the air, upon the breeze that rocks the flower upon its stem, upon the raindrops that swell the mighty river, upon the dewdrops that refresh every sprig of moss that rears its head in the desert, upon every penciled shell that sleeps in the caverns of the deep, as well as upon the mighty sun which warms and cheers the millions of creatures that live in its light-upon all He has written "None of us liveth to himself."

Tenderly and sorrowfully your colleagues of today give a last thought to our colleagues of the past. O ever dear and absent ones, we have dedicated this day to your sweet memories. "Ere this our tears, our sadness, and our prayers are with you in your eternal home." We know not how soon death shall lay us on the never-ending shores of eternity, but as long as we remain here below "we shall enshrine you in our prayers." Reverently do we hope that we will meet in a---

Realm where the rainbow never fades, where the stars will be spread out before us like the islands that slumber on the ocean, and where the beautiful beings that here pass before us like visions will stay in our presence forever.

 

Mary J, Mitchell sang "There Is No Death", by O'Hara.

 

Hon. DEWEY SHORT, a Representative from the State of Missouri, delivered the following address:

ADDRESS OF HON. DEWEY SHORT

Mr. Speaker, since we assembled in this Chamber on a similar occasion 1 year ago last month 21 Members of the Congress of the United States---6 Senators and 15 Representatives---have answered the final roll call. Death is no respecter of persons, parties, or places; ruthlessly and indiscriminately he cut through our ranks, and before his irresistible onslaught fell some of our ablest and best men from every section of our Union. Today we meet to pay them tribute and to do them honor.

It is altogether fitting and proper, sir, that we should pause in the midst of our arduous labors and exacting duties to acknowledge our respect and affection for and to pay our homage to our departed comrades; not that they need our praise so much as we need the inspiration derived from meditation upon their lives and achievements. Little that we say here will long be remembered, but the world never can forget their vigilant patriotism, their heroic and unselfish service to their country. Upon their fellow men they left an indelible imprint by the imperishable impact of their individual and powerful personalities. If time permitted and we could follow our natural inclination, we would, of course, discuss the life, character, and accomplishments of each one of our former colleagues, but of necessity our eulogy now must be composite. Other Members will incorporate their addresses on the different individuals in the printed record. But, in passing, we cannot refrain from calling the name of our late and lamented Speaker, Hon. JOSEPH WELLINGTON BYRNS, one of the most popular, just, and beloved Speakers ever to preside over this body. For over a quarter of a century he served his native State of Tennessee, which has made such a magnificent contribution to the statesmanship and history of our Nation, with exceptional distinction and high honor. It was my privilege to go on the funeral train that carried his mortal remains to rest in his beloved hills outside of Nashville. Sad as was the occasion, it was a real joy to see the tens of thousands of people, old and young, white and colored, rich and poor, who traveled many miles to line the highway, to show their deep and abiding affection for and to pay their last respects to this nobleman. Knowing the character of JO BYRNS, we realize that he would not have us single him out from his fellows or give him particular recognition; so democratic was his spirit and so warm was his human personality that he would merely wish to be counted among his fellows, all of whom worked together and did their best for their country.

Mr. Speaker, in recent years Congress has become the butt of jokes, and not infrequently the object of contempt. The cheap clown, whether in circus or higher places, makes us the subject of gibe, jest, and quip. It has become fashionable in some sophisticated and shallow circles to look upon Congress with scornful insolence. Perhaps there are times when we warrant a degree of disdain. And since every successful politician must smile when he wants to fight, and possesses---or should possess---a skin as tough as a rhinoceros, I suppose he should be impervious to all criticism. However, it is difficult to imagine anything more reprehensible than these carping critics, the chronic, contumelious cynics who constantly vent their spleen on Members of Congress. For such rapacious arrogance and blatant babbling there is no excuse and only jealousy and envy can explain such fatuous bellowing.

After all is said and done, no other group of men more perfectly reveals the true spirit, real genius, and genuine character of the American people as do the Members of the Congress of the United States. Particularly is this true of the House of Representatives. Each Member represents a cross section of American life and nearly always reflects the hopes, ambitions, interests, thoughts, ideals, and character of his constituents. This body is a mirror in which America can see herself. No doubt the picture at times is a bit disappointing and more disturbing but we are elected by the people at frequent intervals and are directly responsible to them. Modesty will not allow us to claim that we are better than the people we represent and pride prevents us from admitting that we are any worse.

Let him who thinks that coming to Congress is an easy task attempt it. To be sure, politics, like nature, is at times freakish. Once in a great while, at remote intervals, a political storm will sweep accidentally some men into this Chamber, but their residence is temporary and not permanent unless they prove their worth. It is difficult for any person to get elected to Congress, and it is more difficult for him to return. Rarely does one little or weak or mean enter these portals, and only the big and strong and good can long remain. Here the true measure of a man is justly and unmistakably taken. But long before he comes here he has been put to the test. What is the average background of these men? As the whitest lily often springs out of the muddiest hole, so the greatest men frequently come here from the most unexpected places. Like Lincoln, many of our colleagues came from humble origins and unpromising beginnings. They wrestled with poverty and triumphed over adversity.

Others, like Washington and Lee, were born in luxury and rocked in the cradle of plenty. They overcame the handicap of riches and aristocracy; they were neither misled by wealth nor corrupted by society. In our great democracy a man is judged not so much by what his ancestors did as by what he himself can do. Emerson laid down the proper yardstick to measure correctly a man's worth when he said, "What you are speaks so loud that I cannot hear what you say." Our fallen heroes are mourned today not so much for what they said here as for what they did here. They are remembered not for their flaming eloquence, pleasing as It was, but for what they were.

Though I speak with the tongues of men and of angels, and have not love, I am become as sounding brass or a tinkling cymbal.

Not by what they possessed, but how they performed are they today measured. The test is not money, but mind and character. It is good to know that in this fair land these stalwart men, coming from widely scattered regions, representing widely divergent views, reflecting every shade of public opinion on burning political, social, economic, and religious questions, were here working together in the common cause of a great nation-working faithfully and tirelessly to keep open wide the door of equal opportunity for all men, to make life richer and more abundant, to maintain our national honor, to prove ourselves worthy of the liberty, and to perpetuate the free institutions bequeathed to us through the heroic sacrifices of our forefathers. Their difficult task was to preserve all that was good in the old order and at the same time to courageously blaze new trails that lead to human betterment in a quickly changing and baffling world. Our duty is to carry on their unfinished task.

Mr. Speaker, it was never an easy nor an altogether pleasant task to serve in this body, and this Is particularly true today. The manifold duties and multiplying demands made on Members of Congress in and through all the vast ramifications of a complex and Intricate Government increasingly draw upon their strength and endurance, adding yearly to the terrific toll of human life. Anyone who survives a political campaign in which his life's history is reviewed in detail and during which he moves constantly and inescapably under the pitiless searchlight of publicity must of necessity possess some virtue.

To remain sweet when accused falsely, to silence the tongue of slander, to still the voice of character assassins, to triumph over the fair and strenuous efforts of formidable opponents every 2 years in both primary and general elections taxes one's strength and patience to the limit. Naturally, there come many disappointments with this public life. A man who rises to distinction in this body must do so because of his own personal worth, his mental capacity, untiring industry, and absolute honesty. The path is steep and rugged, and it is covered with sandpaper instead of velvet.

Yet out of this turbulent strife and clash of opinion, out of the heated debates and conflicting interests, out of the atmosphere of uncertainty which we all are forced to breathe, there come the priceless compensation and immeasurable joy of mutual confidence and respect and of real and lasting friendships. In no other body of men do I believe one could possibly find such a fine spirit of genuine and wholesome fellowship, such a splendid feeling of camaraderie. This is because I suppose each one of us realizes rather fully that through which the other fellow has passed. In this sad hour and on this solemn occasion, death once more has leveled all our differences, obliterated all lines of division, and drawn us closely together in the bonds of friendship and affection. The heat of controversy is now dissipated; there is no rancor in our souls or envy in our hearts. Petty jealousies are forgotten, and individual interests and purposes are buried with our comrades whom we memorialize today. Beneath the differences of individual opinion and below the eccentricities of personalities there is a more fundamental unity of the interests and purposes of mankind.

Each one of our former colleagues died at his post of duty, as he would have it.

Let me live out my years in heat of blood.
Let me die drunken with the dreamer's wine.
Let me not see this soul-house built of mud,
Go toppling to the dust---a vacant shrine.

Let me go quickly like a candlelight
Snuffed out just at the heyday of its glow.
Give me high noon---and let it then be night.
Thus would I go.

And grant me, when I face the grisly thing.
One haughty cry to pierce the gray, perhaps.
O let me be a tune-swept fiddle string,
That feels the master melody---and snaps.

These comrades died "in heat of blood" and went "quickly like a candlelight snuffed out just at the heyday of its glow." They have felt the "master melody", and we would not ask them to return. At last they have gained rest and peace from their trying and exacting labors, and have gone to their reward for having served God and country well.

Life begins and ends in mystery. While there may not be exact scientific proof for immortality, certainly there is no disproof of this eternal longing of the human heart and its natural rebellion at the thought of extinction. Death is no more mysterious than birth, and they are not so much different things as they are two sides of the same thing---the will of a higher power which renders us helpless and impotent in all our might and wisdom before its insolvable mysteries. If there were no death there could be no life, and faith in the eternal values of truth, beauty, and goodness is a legitimate and necessary function of the human soul.

O world, thou choosest not the better part!
It is not wisdom to be only wise,
And on the inward vision close the eyes,
But it is wisdom to believe the heart.
Columbus found a world and had no chart,
Save one that faith deciphered in the skies;
To trust the soul's invincible surmise
Was all his science and his only art.
Our knowledge is a torch of smoky pine
That lights the pathway but one step ahead,
Across a void of mystery and dread.
Bid, then, the tender light of faith to shine
By which alone the mortal heart is led
Unto the thinking of the thought divine.

In these beautiful lines Santayana clearly and convincingly shows that life is deeper than logic and the human heart has reason that reason knows not of.

These men were "steadfast, abounding in the work of the Lord", because they felt their "labors were not in vain in the Lord." With strong minds, brave hearts, and willing hands they faithfully performed their daily tasks and courageously discharged their duties. With this sublime faith in the dignity of the human soul and with unalloyed ambition to leave the world better than they found it, they have passed from our midst.

Thou wilt not leave us in the dust:
Thou madest man, he knows not why.
He thinks he was not made to die:
And Thou hast made him: Thou art just.

 

A cornet solo, "Going Home", was played by Winfred Kemp, principal musician, United States Marine Band Orchestra.

 

The Chaplain, Rev. James Shera Montgomery, D. D., pronounced the benediction:

The peace of God, which passeth all understanding, keep your hearts and minds in the knowledge and love of God and His Son, Jesus Christ, our Lord; and the blessing of God Almighty, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit be among you and remain with you always. Amen.

 

Memorial Addresses
on
Abram Piatt Andrew
==============

 

Memorial Addresses

Remarks by Representative Bates
Of Massachusetts

Mr. BATES. Mr. Speaker, few men have ever come to Congress to acquire such an enviable reputation for public service and statesmanship as did the Honorable ABRAM PIATT ANDREW, whose untimely death took him from our midst in the year 1936.

For 15 years Representative A. PIATT ANDREW walked the Halls of Congress, steadily adding laurels to his long record of previous service, and he succumbed as all really public-spirited men hope to do, active to the finish. As a scholar of economics, he became well known not only throughout the United States, but in Europe as well. Back in 1903 he was engaged to assist the National Monetary Commission, a unit created by Congress, in its research work, endeavoring to prevent further financial panics such as that of 1907, which Mr. ANDREW had predicted on New Year's Day of that unhappy year. He was an important figure in framing the bill and report of the Commission, which became the basis for the Federal Reserve Act.

When, in 1909, President Taft appointed Mr. ANDREW the Director of the Mint, he relinquished his position of a number of years as instructor of economics at Harvard University. It was in June of 1910 that he became Assistant Secretary of the Treasury, which post he resigned more than 2 years later.

The outbreak of the World War attracted Mr. ANDREW to France early in the fray, for he became attached to the American ambulance division with the French Army at the front. He soon established what was known as the American Field Service, which Mr. ANDREW turned over to the United States forces when this country entered the war

At that time he was commissioned a major, and subsequently became a lieutenant colonel in the American Army, and completed altogether, more than 4-1/2 years in action overseas. After the great conflict Colonel ANDREW was instrumental in the organizing of the American Legion, and he was elected the first commander of the post in his home city of Gloucester, Mass., and vice commander of the Massachusetts department of the Legion.

Capitol Hill then beckoned to Colonel ANDREW, who was first elected in 1921 to fill an unexpired vacancy from the Sixth Massachusetts District. He was reelected the following year, and each 2 years thereafter, and because he was so admired and appreciated by his district would have been assured of reelection for many years to come, had his splendid career not been cut short by his sudden death a year ago this past June.

A Republican, Congressman ANDREW pursued the independent course of true statesmen, battling for what he was convinced was right and against what he deemed was not, never permitting his conscience to become subservient to political influences. Because of his first-hand knowledge of the World War, he was a champion for legislation to meet the problems growing out of that siege and for the relief of veterans. His economic training prevented him consistently from supporting any proposals for the use of Federal money to meet the running expenses of private business, whether farming in the West or shipping in the East, and as a member of the House Committee on Naval Affairs, he fought at all times for the maintenance of an adequate Navy.

The democratic manner and remarkable personality of Congressman ANDREW endeared him to all he served and everyone else who had the pleasure of making his acquaintance.

Inasmuch as I was one of those who enjoyed his fine friendship, I am moved to pay this humble tribute to the man whose seat in Washington it is now my privilege and honor to occupy.

 

Remarks by Representative McCormack
Of Massachusetts

Mr. McCORMACK. Mr. Speaker, the angel of death once again visited the Halls of Congress on June 3, 1936, to take from our midst another Member of the House, our late colleague, Hon. A. PIATT ANDREW, Representative from the sixth Congressional District of Massachusetts.

In the passing of Congressman ANDREW the House of Representatives lost one of its ablest and most brilliant members. His life has been one of devotion and service to his people and his country. His scholarly attainments, his experience, and his training prepared him well for the legislative work which he had chosen for his career. Because of his wide experience and fine education he was well equipped to handle the difficult national problems which confronted him, both in the committees of which he was a member and on the floor of the House.

A. PIATT ANDREW was born at La Porte, Ind., February 12, 1873, After a preparatory education he entered Princeton University and in 1893 received an A. B. degree from that institution, which in 1923 honored him with an A. M. degree. Following his graduation from Princeton University he studied abroad at the Universities of Halle, Berlin, and Paris. Returning to this country, he continued his education at Harvard University, and in 1900 completed a course of studies which entitled him to a doctor's degree of philosophy. From 1900 to 1909 he served as an instructor and assistant professor of economics at Harvard University. In this position he brought to the youth of Harvard the benefits of his splendid education and his impartial and tolerant views. He became recognized as an authority on monetary matters and his expert knowledge on this subject brought him national prominence and recognition In 1909 he was appointed Director of the Mint, which position he held until his appointment as Assistant Secretary of the Treasury in 1910.

At the outbreak of the World War A. PIATT ANDREW joined the French Army and served with the forces of that nation until the United States entered the war in 1917, when he joined the first contingent of United States soldiers which came to France. He was appointed commanding major of the United States National Army in September 1917 and became lieutenant colonel in September 1918, He was awarded the Croix de Guerre and named Chevalier de la Legion d'Honneur by the French Government for the distinguished service and aid he rendered the French nation while serving in the armies of France. In 1919 the United States Government conferred upon him the Distinguished Service Medal for his valuable and courageous work while serving in the military forces of the United States. He had been chosen as an officer of the Legion of Honor (France) and the Order of Leopold (Belgium). The war record of A. PIATT ANDREW is a record of honorable service, of which he and the people of the United States can be justly proud. Highly honored by the two nations with which he served and promoted to the rank of lieutenant colonel in the United States Army evidences the character, valor, courage, and industry of our late colleague.

He was first elected to Congress in September of 1921 to fill an unexpired term in the Sixty-seventh Congress. From that time on he served continuously in that honorable body until his death. This 15 years of continuous service was devoted to the people of his district and the welfare of his Nation. His reelections are the best possible proof of the love and esteem with which he was held by the people of his district. He served them with the same courage and ability which characterized his service on the battlefields or France and won for him distinguished honors. He was ever ready to join in any movement for the advancement of Massachusetts.

His long and honorable career as a loyal citizen, a courageous soldier, and outstanding public servant has ended. He dedicated his life to the service of his country. The constructive and humane character of the service rendered by my late colleague and friend during his life is an inspiration and example to all.

 

Remarks by Representative Wigglesworth
Of Massachusetts

Mr. WIGGLESWORTH. Mr. Speaker, the death of our colleague, Hon. A. PIATT ANDREW, of Massachusetts, has brought to a close a career of unusual distinction and has deprived both State and Nation of a public servant endowed with unusual gifts and unusual capacity.

Almost 30 years ago, after a period of study and teaching in the field of economics at Harvard University, Colonel ANDREW accepted a position as expert assistant and editor of publications with the National Monetary Commission, created by Congress with a view to the elimination or mitigation of future financial panics and affording the basis for legislation subsequently enacted creating the Federal Reserve System. This position he held for about 3 years. He served also as Director of the Mint from 1909 to 1910, and as Assistant Secretary of the Treasury from 1910 to 1912.

When the World War broke out in Europe, Colonel ANDREW took an active interest in the cause of the Allies, devoting himself to the organization of the American ambulance service, which cooperated first with the French Army and later with the American Army. After the entrance of America into the war he was commissioned major, and subsequently lieutenant colonel in the American Army, serving in France continuously for 4-1/2 years during the war and being cited by both the French and American Armies. He never forgot the interests of his World War comrades, taking an active part in the organization of the American Legion and serving as commander of his post in Gloucester and as vice commander for the Department of Massachusetts.

Colonel ANDREW was elected to Congress from the Sixth District of Massachusetts in 1921. He served as a Member of Congress for 15 years, being reelected to each succeeding Congress and developing such confidence in his district that in 1934, despite conditions prevailing generally at the time, he was reelected without opposition. His ability was universally recognized by his colleagues in Congress, where he served with distinction as a member of the House Committee on Naval Affairs.

Scholar, soldier, statesman---there was also much of the idealist, much of the mystic, much of the appreciation of the artistic in his outlook. It was my privilege to know him as a friend, not only during our years of association in Congress but for many years before that time. If you should visit Gloucester, Mass., today---his native city---you would find much to commemorate his interest in his fellow citizens. You would see the striking statue of Jeanne d'Arc, a war memorial to departed comrades, for which he was largely responsible. You would hear the carillon bells which he helped to secure for the old church nearby. You would find on the water's edge, filled with souvenirs of his service at home and abroad, the unique home which he loved and in which he spent many happy days during the latter part of his life.

He will long be remembered by those whom he served.

 

Remarks by Representative Martin
Of Massachusetts

Mr. MARTIN of Massachusetts. Mr. Speaker, these memorial services bring back to mind memories of men who labored with us here in the noble service of country. They have departed for the spirit land to which all must eventually go. But they will never be forgotten.

It was my precious privilege to know A. PIATT ANDREW for nearly 20 years. More than half of that time we lived at the same club and invariably dined together. This close association gave me the opportunity to appreciate fully the noble character and splendid ability of the man.

He was the possessor of a great heart---he loved all mankind and never harbored prejudice against anyone. He typified thoroughly the American spirit of tolerance and respect for the opinions and beliefs of others. Live and let live was to him a natural inclination.

By education and training, no man was better equipped to serve his country in these troublesome, trying, and chaotic days. He had served gallantly in war, and although his health was fast ebbing, he continued at his post to give the country the benefit of his rich experience and wise counsel. His declining health was obvious, and I urged him to seek rest, in order that his life might be prolonged. His devotion to his work was too compelling, and unquestionably his days were shortened as a result.

As an educator, administrator, soldier, and statesman, he left his impress upon the life of the country. The United States could ill afford his untimely death.

Men like A. PlATT ANDREW are not quickly forgotten. The example he set and the inspiring work he performed live on in the memories of his associates in life.

As he crosses the bar, we may well say: "Well done, thou good and faithful servant."

 

Remarks by Representative Clason
Of Massachusetts

Mr. CLASON. Mr. Speaker, although it was not my good fortune to know personally the late Honorable A. PIATT ANDREW, his outstanding qualities were familiar to me, as they were to every citizen of Massachusetts. That Commonwealth sustained a real loss of the leadership and personality of this distinguished Member from Gloucester when he passed away more than a year ago. A. PIATT ANDREW was known throughout Massachusetts for his service to this Nation in war and in peace. As an expert economist, he was called in 1908 by the National Monetary Commission to assist it in its studies of foreign banking systems and in its subsequent recommendations which led to the passage of the Federal Reserve Act. President Taft, recognizing his ability, a short time later named him Director of the Mint, and still later Assistant Secretary of the Treasury, which offices he filled with distinction. For his work in organizing American volunteer ambulance units for service in France during the early days of the World War, and for his service as a major and as a lieutenant colonel in the American Army when we entered the conflict, he was decorated with the Croix de Guerre and the Legion of Honor by the French and with the Distinguished Service Cross by the United States. In Congress, where he represented his district for 15 years prior to his untimely death on June 3, 1936, Colonel ANDREW established himself as worthy of rank with the long line of distinguished men Massachusetts has given to the Nation for the framing of its laws. His human qualities were likewise well known even to those who did not know him personally. He was possessed of an abundance of good will for his fellow men, a kindly and friendly nature, and a noble spirit of helpfulness for those in need. Massachusetts mourns indeed his passing.

 

Remarks by Representative Luce
Of Massachusetts

Mr. LUCE. Mr. Speaker, by the death of A. PIATT ANDREW the House lost one of its most earnest, thoughtful, and capable Members. He brought here unusual training. As a professor he had become well grounded in economics. Then he served as expert assistant and editor of the voluminous publications of the National Monetary Commission, which made the exhaustive study of world finance that led to the Federal Reserve System. For 3 years he was an Assistant Secretary of the Treasury. Intimate knowledge of foreign and military affairs resulted from his four years and a half in France through the World War period, with service in the French army and later that of the United States, in which he was promoted to lieutenant colonel.

In the course of his 15 years in Congress all this experience proved of distinct value, especially in the committee rooms. He did not often take the floor in the House, but when he spoke, his words commanded respect.

His district, comprising a large part of Essex County in Massachusetts, has through many years been notable for its contributions to public life. A. PIATT ANDREW lived up to its high traditions.

 

Remarks by Representative Rogers
Of Massachusetts

Mrs. ROGERS of Massachusetts. Mr. Speaker, everybody who knew our late friend and colleague in Congress, Hon. A. PLATT ANDREW, felt a very real grief and a sense of personal loss at his passing. His life was one of service to his country and to the people whom he represented. Our Commonwealth of Massachusetts is proud of its share in the career of Colonel ANDREW and mourns the passing of a distinguished and loyal son. He personified the highest type of New England gentleman and scholar. His deep interest in economics during his college life fitted him admirably for the honored positions to which he was called in his maturity. He was a brave soldier, who volunteered his services long before our country entered the great conflict, and his achievements on the field of battle were recognized equally by France and the United States. Those who knew him through daily contact will always remember him for his kindly manner, his fine quality of friendliness, and his ever-present willingness to help those who needed assistance. In his character was to be round those qualities so fine and so desirable---honesty of purpose, calm and direct judgment, and the ability to accept the suggestions and advice of others. His life of service was ended all too soon, for everybody will agree that, had he lived, the future had great promise in store for him. His passing is a great public loss, and to his friends a deep sorrow.

 

Proceedings
in the
House of Representatives
=================

 

Proceedings in the House

WEDNESDAY, June 3, 1936.

The Chaplain, Rev. James Shera Montgomery, D. D., offered the following prayer:

Heavenly Father, we rejoice that through the knowledge and fellowship of true God we reach the fullness of divine conception; we wait for Thy presence, O Lord, our strength and our redeemer. In the lowly Nazarene we behold the softened splendor of essential and eternal holiness. We pray Thee to cleanse us from fear and unworthiness; let our divinity work in us, inspiring unconquerable hope and faith. Do Thou keep in Thy care our country. Grant that peace may come where there is discord and confidence where there are suspicion and jealousy. O bind our people together with bonds of brotherhood; let the night be no more, and may the sun of good cheer stand in our Nation's sky for a thousand years. We wait in solemn silence, O Lord; let us not be alone in this moment. A distinguished colleague and a courageous defender of our Republic has fallen. We beseech Thee to light the torch for earth's tunnel; O give calm for the cross. Through Christ. Amen.

Mr. TREADWAY. Mr. Speaker, again the Grim Reaper has visited this House and taken from our membership a scholar, a soldier, a financier, a statesman---truly a marvelous record. In addition to that he was a warm friend and a genial gentleman. It is my sad duty at this time to announce the peaceful passing away of our friend and colleague, A. PIATT ANDREW, at an early hour this morning at his home in Gloucester, Mass. At some later time more extended and suitable memorials to him will be offered. I present the following resolution and ask for its immediate adoption.

The Clerk read as follows:

Resolved, That the House has heard with profound sorrow of the death of Hon. A. PIATT ANDREW, a Representative from the State of Massachusetts,

Resolved, That a committee of four members of the House, with such members of the Senate as may be joined, be appointed to attend the funeral.

Resolved, That the Sergeant at Arms of the House be authorized and directed to take such steps as may be necessary for carrying out the provisions of these resolutions and that the necessary expenses in connection therewith be paid out of the contingent fund of the House.

Resolved, That the Clerk communicate these resolutions to the Senate and transmit a copy thereof to the family of the deceased.

The SPEAKER. The question is on agreeing to the resolution.

The resolution was agreed to.

The Chair appointed the following committee: Mr. Gifford, Mr. Cannery, Mrs. Rogers of Massachusetts, Mr. Holmes.

The SPEAKER. The Clerk will report the remainder of the resolution.

The Clerk read as follows:

Resolved, That, as a further mark of respect, this House do now adjourn.

The resolution was agreed to.

Accordingly (at 2 o'clock and 54 minutes p. m.) the House, in accordance with the order heretofore adopted, adjourned until tomorrow, Thursday, June 4, 1936, at 11 o'clock a.m.

FRIDAY, June 5, 1936.

A message from the Senate, by Mr. Horne, its enrolling clerk, announced that the Senate had adopted the following resolution:

Resolved, That the Senate has heard with profound sorrow the announcement of the death of Hon. A. PlATT ANDREW, late a Representative from the State of Massachusetts.

Resolved, That a committee of two Senators be appointed by the Vice President to join the committee appointed on the part of the House of Representatives to attend the funeral of the deceased Representative.

Resolved, That the Secretary communicate these resolutions to the House of Representatives and transmit a copy thereof to the family of the deceased.

Resolved, That as a further mark of respect to the memory of the deceased Representative the Senate do now take a recess until 10 o'clock ante meridian tomorrow.

 

Proceedings
in the
United States Senate
==============

 

Proceedings in the Senate

WEDNESDAY, June 3, 1936.

A message from the House of Representatives, by Mr. Chaffee, one of its reading clerks, communicated to the Senate the intelligence of the death of Hon. A. PIATT ANDREW, late a Representative from the State of Massachusetts, and transmitted the resolutions of the House thereon.

The VICE PRESIDENT. The Chair lays before the Senate resolutions from the House of Representatives, which will be read.

The legislative clerk read as follows:

Resolved, That the House has heard with profound sorrow of the death of Hon. A. PIATT ANDREW, a Representative from the State of Massachusetts.

Resolved, That a committee of four Members of the House, with such Members of the Senate as may be joined, be appointed to attend the funeral.

Resolved, That the Sergeant-at-Arms of the House be authorized and directed to take such steps as may be necessary for carrying out the provision of these resolutions and that the necessary expenses in connection therewith be paid out of the contingent fund of the House.

Resolved, That the Clerk communicate these resolutions to the Senate and transmit a copy thereof to the family of the deceased.

Resolved, That, as a further mark of respect, this House do now adjourn.

Mr. WALSH. Mr. President, I offer resolutions having reference to the death of Representative ANDREW, and ask that they be read and immediately considered.

The resolutions (S. Res. 317) were read, considered by unanimous consent, and unanimously agreed to, as follows:

Resolved, That the Senate has heard with profound sorrow the announcement of the death of Hon. A. PIATT ANDREW, late a Representative from the State of Massachusetts.

Resolved, That a committee of two Senators be appointed by the Vice President to join the committee appointed on the part of the House of Representatives to attend the funeral of the deceased Representative.

Resolved, That the Secretary communicate these resolutions to the House of Representatives and transmit a copy thereof to the family of the deceased.

Under the second resolution the Vice President appointed Mr. Walsh and Mr. Coolidge as the committee on the part of the Senate.

Mr. WALSH. Mr. President, as a further mark of respect to the memory of the deceased Representative, I move that the Senate do now take a recess.

The motion was unanimously agreed to; and (at 6 o'clock p. In.) the Senate took a recess, the recess being, under the order previously agreed to, until tomorrow, Thursday, June 4 1936 at 10 o'clock a. m.