A STATEMENT OF
FINANCES AND ACCOMPLISHMENTS

FOR THE PERIOD

JULY 1, 1917 TO FEBRUARY 28, 1919

AMERICAN RED CROSS
WASHINGTON, D. C.

OCTOBER, 1919

 FOREWORD

To the American People:

Herein is contained in the form of figures a report of money contributed and expended, as well as the work done by the American Red Cross, during the period in which the War Council was in control of its affairs. It was the practice of the War Council to give complete publicity to its policies and finances, but it is only now that a picture of the war period as a whole can be presented. It is the feeling of the War Council that a report in this summarized form should be made directly to the public which provided the money and gave the effort which made the American Red Cross a success.

Immediately the armistice was signed the War Council prepared to turn over the direction of affairs to the Executive Committee as the permanent head of the American Red Cross. The report herein contained therefore brings the affairs of the Red Cross only up to March 1, 1919. On that date the War Council relinquished its authority. The work, however, of the American Red Cross was going on at a very rapid pace. The war work proper, incident to the military effort, was on an extensive scale long after hostilities ceased, and as the spring months revealed the conditions brought about by war, especially in Eastern Europe, the American Red Cross was face to face with obligations of large proportions on behalf of humanity. There was widespread suffering which we alone were in a position to relieve.

A statement of the American Red Cross effort and finances since the War Council relinquished its control will be made to the public through the Executive Committee, and it is important therefore that the fact that this report covers the period only until March I, should be carefully noted.

The American Red Cross has wrought both largely and nobly, yet those who have been associated so intimately with its activities during the war and have witnessed the outpouring of service which it brought forth from all classes of people, cannot but feel that in time of peace the Red Cross will realize a yet larger destiny. This is not the place to detail these opportunities of the future, but it is a fitting occasion to repeat the happy phrase recently uttered by Cardinal Mercier in connection with the work of the American Red Cross:

"Such a national inspiration should be captured and held for the benefit of all mankind."

H. P. DAVISON
Chairman, War Council


TABLE OF CONTENTS

Foreword
List of diagrams
List of tables
List of maps
Statement of Red Cross accomplishments

Chapter I. Summary of Financial Operations

General
Chapter finances
Finances of national headquarters

Chapter II. Membership and war drives

General
Membership

Summary
Adult membership
Junior Membership
Revenues from membership

War drives

Chapter III. Work in the United States

General
Chapter activities

Production of relief articles
Home service
       work for the families of soldiers and sailors
Canteen service
Motor corps service
Red Cross Work in Spanish influenza epidemic
Instruction in first aid

Activities of the national and divisional organizations

Nursing service
Camp service
Sanitary service
Communication work
Disaster relief
Life-saving work
Organization of base hospitals
Organization of ambulance companies
Other medical and hospital work
Red Cross Institute for Crippled and Disabled Men
Red Cross Institute for the Blind
Supplies operations in the United States
Personnel
The administrative organization in the United States/P>

Chapter IV. Work in France.

General
Hospital and medical work, with armies and navy

Hospitals for American and Allied troops
Convalescent homes for American soldiers
Dispensaries and infirmaries for American soldiers
Hospital supply service for American Army
Red Cross supply service for French hospitals
Production and supply of splints
Production and supply of nitrous oxide and oxygen
Reconstruction and re-education

Canteens

General
Front-line canteens
Line of communication canteens
Aviation canteens
Evacuation hospital canteens
Metropolitan canteens

Recreational and welfare service for soldiers and sailors
Home and hospital service for soldiers and sailors

Hospital farms and gardens
Hospital recreational huts
Home communication service
Grave photography

Civilian relief

Relief of refugees
Relief of French soldiers' families
Children's relief work
Anti-tuberculosis work

Other activities

Chapter V. Work Elsewhere Overseas

General
Belgium

Soldiers' relief service
Relief of children
Relief of civilians

Italy

Service for American soldiers and sailors .
Medical and hospital service for the Italian Army
Ambulance service for the Italian Army
Canteen service for the Italian Army
Relief of refugees
Care of children
Other activities

British Isles

Hospital service
Camp and canteen service
Care of the shipwrecked
Other activities

Switzerland

Prisoners' relief service
Relief of civilians

Balkan States

Roumania
Serbia

Russia
Siberia

Medical service
Camp service
Refugee relief

Palestine and Near East
Other activities overseas


 Chapter I