This is the last Bulletin to be published under the auspice of the old Field Service. The old wartime organization has survived long enough to complete its records, to supervise the compilation of its history now in the press, to arrange for a permanent association of its veterans and to provide a plan and framework for the future activity of its members as well as an enduring memorial to the dead. As 21 rue Raynouard closed a year or more ago, so the Boston headquarters will close at the end of this summer. The work of the Field Service in the future will be carried on by its two offsprings, the A. F. S. Fellowships for French Universities, and the A. F. S. Association.
It is to the latter organization that the publication of future numbers of the Bulletin will be intrusted. So---ave et vale.
A. P. A.
If you want a copy of Field service History, send your order today to Houghton, Mifflin Company, Boston, enclosing check for $12.50. The History will be published early in August. Only three thousand sets are being printed---enough for every member of the Service to have at least one but as orders are coming in rapidly, and many men are ordering several sets we advise you not to wait too long, Subscriptions will be filled in the order of their receipt.
The Association has been very fortunate in making an arrangement with the management of the illustrated monthly, "La France," whereby one or two pages of this magazine each month will be devoted to Field Service interests under the old heading---"American Field Service Bulletin." Articles will be contributed by members of the Association as formerly, and the pages will be edited by the Bulletin Committee appointed by President Greenwood. The annual dues of five dollars include the subscription to "La France" at a special reduced rate. The management of the latter has very kindly sent a sample copy to each member of the Service which you must have already received.
"La France" is a magazine of wide appeal by reason of the diversity of its interests,---literary, artistics, social, dramatic, and political,---but particularly so to us, with our admiration for and sympathy with the French people. Some of the articles are written in French and all, whatever the subject, are by persons who are recognized authorities in their respective fields. Though of great cultural worth, it is far from being a dry propaganda affair as some may imagine who have not seen it, but is, on the contrary, a thoroughly modern and popular sort of thing.
The advantages of linking ourselves with "La France" are numerous. Our aims are identical,---to promote friendship and understanding between the two countries. We will gain a distinguished and already well-known medium for the circulation of our ideas and the furtherance of whatever plans we may devise, and at the same time we pledge ourselves publicly to the support of the ideals which are embodied in our constitution. The enlarged audience that we will have will greatly aid us in promoting the fellowships; and the dignity and position of the magazine will act as a challenge to make our literary contributions worthy of the Association and its high purpose.
The scheme will do away with the old-style Bulletin, but it is the intention of the committee to publish a smaller bulletin at irregular intervals to contain personal notices and announcements which could not properly be put in "La France."
The committee hopes that all who have made literary contributions to the Bulletin in the past will continue to lend their support for the success of the new Field Service Bulletin.
The first re-union is over; it has passed into history and minds alongside all become a memory to be filed away in our other wonderful memories of the old Field Service. For the benefit of those who could not get to it, a full description is given elsewhere in this number of the Bulletin. We got together, saw our old friends, renewed our old associations, revived for a little while the old atmosphere, saw a bully good show, which took every one of us right back to the Old "abri," had a lot of good food, found that "pinard" had a lot more kick in it than we remembered, and heard a lot of very distinguished men tell us how fine were the things we had stood for and done.
In case it does not get into any of the descriptions of the reunion, let it be known that there were 526 subscriptions to the dinner in the Hotel Pennsylvania on May 8. With only 2,400 men in the Service, scattered over the entire world, that is a wonderful number to get together; and what is more, they came from Oregon, Texas, Oklahoma, Illinois, South Carolina and Maine, as well as the nearer points. That's some spirit!
All this, however, is looking backward, while, to our very great credit, the finest thing that happened at the re-union was that we organized and adopted a definite policy for the future; we showed that the spirit that took us to France and helped us to surmount all the difficulties that faced us there, was still alive and urging us on to face and overcome new problems in the future. At that same meeting at which the Field Service Association was formed, officers were elected to carry on the ideals and work which have been so wonderfully built up under the old directors. Needless to say, whenever the American Field Service is mentioned, our thoughts will always turn to "Doc" Andrew, Harry Sleeper and Steve Galatti. They are the men whose energy and zeal and courage made possible the old Service, whose devotion and foresight carried it to wonderful success, and whose only reward was the loyalty and co-operation given to them by the men in the ranks. The new officers can only strive to follow their example, and in behalf of those officers, I ask from you the same support and interest and help which you gave to them.
To start with, application blanks for membership in the Association together with bills for dues are being mailed with this copy of the Bulletin, to every man on the old Field Service list. It is hoped that every man will be enough interested to join and pay up, so that there will be some funds to function with. The Bulletin is going to be issued regularly, but after this number will only be sent to those who have joined the Association. It will have stories, poems and pictures of the life over there, and accounts of what the men of the Service are doing in different parts of the world. We are also arranging with the French High Commission for an exchange of news, so that it is hoped we will have some interesting bits. The French end of the Association is endeavoring to establish a permanent home and center in the Latin Quarter of Paris, which will be the headquarters for all Service men passing through Paris and also for the men abroad under the Fellowships plan. A sum of money has been given by a friend of the Service, sufficient to rent headquarters in New York for the coming year, and these are going to be fitted up and maintained so that all Service and Fellowship men will have some place to go whenever they are in New York. More information will be given about all these plans when they are further advanced.
In addition to these activities, it was voted at the business meeting that the Association should actively work to aid the American Field Service Fellowships for French Universities. This year twenty men have been sent abroad to study under this endowment. We have one hundred and twenty-six gold stars in our Service Flag. It is hoped that ultimately there may be a fellowship endowed and named for each of these men who gave his life in the war. Each section which lost a member should become actively interested in this wonderful opportunity. A member should be appointed to whom contributions may be sent; each man should give what he can; and each man should make himself personally responsible for interesting outsiders in, and getting subscriptions for, this wonderful memorially constructive project. This is a magnificent chance and your active support is earnestly asked for.
This is just the beginning of this American Field Service Association and we want it to grow and become lusty and strong. Let's make it a "live" and not a "dead" one, full of "pep" and "ginger;" let's make it a "progressive" one and not a "stand-patter;" Jet's all look forward and not backward; and above all, let's all pull together. LET'S GO!
Joseph R. Greenwood
A decree of the Supreme Judicial Court, of Massachusetts. dated June 11, 1920, approves and orders the transfer of an unexpended fund of approximately 2,400,000 francs belonging to the American Field Service, to the American Field Service Fellowships for French Universities. Upon the income of this amount, and a much larger permanent endowment which must be raised by the friends and members of the Field Service, depends the fulfillment of our project. The purpose of the new effort has not been based merely upon any zeal or loyalty we may justly feel for France, nor upon any single reason. The standard of our late relation there justifies only the best and most lasting object we are now capable of accomplishing. The scholarship plan is the result of long and practical consideration of many possibilities by distinguished men in France and America who, familiar with our whole achievement, understand exactly our assets and ability as a Franco-American organization.
Naturally our own desire is to make the most worth while use of the evidence we have gathered these past four years regarding French character and civilization. Probably no one of our members needs any urgence or conviction as to the choice of our new field of activity, but for the benefit of those who have no knowledge of its details nor possibilities, a circular is now in preparation. This will be distributed to our members, and elsewhere, as soon as the plans for our financial effort of a few months hence are complete. Meanwhile, with the information given in this Bulletin, and with such initiative as our Service has always shown, it is to be hoped that our members will !et no chance pass by of interesting any one, financially or otherwise. As to the ability and responsibility of the Field Service as a medium of fulfillment, no better proof need be offered than its History, which will be published this month.
A permanent endowment for a Fellowship amounts to $25,000. Conservatively invested, this will net from one thousand to twelve hundred dollars a year. With the cost of transportation to and from France---in many cases, from the West or Middle West of this country---and all living expenses, this sum has been set by our Board of Trustees as a conservative estimate. Of course, present exchange conditions can not be taken as a basis for permanent arrangement. Of the thirty Fellowships allotted this year, less than half are based upon our present capital. Therefore with the object of doubling, as quickly as possible, our present principal, the Trustees have voted that: toward the first twelve Fellowships raised in memory of Field Service men who died in the war, $12,500 shall be contributed from our Fund to each $12,500 raised by any individuals or committees.
The scholarships so raised may be named according to the wishes of the donors.
The most evident channel to success is concerted effort for a fellowship by:
1. The members of each section; to be named for a fellow member killed in the war.
2. The members of a University or School which contributed a unit of men or a section of cars; as a memorial to fellow members.
3. A city or community which gave ambulances or men, and where our former large and influential committees might be interested in such a memorial effort.
4. The families and friends of men who died in France.
While the primary object is to secure endowments as memorials for Field Service men, who gave their lives in the war, any endowments for fellowships in memory of others will of course be greatly accepted by the trustees.
Obviously the means by which each of us may be able to do his part will be largely governed by our intimacy with the country in which we happen to be, and by the number of members or makers of the Service who may be accessible. Some of us will have to work twice as hard to accomplish half as much as others, but the imagination and generous energy of the several thousand men who made the Field Service, are guaranty enough that we shall not fail through lack of effort.
H. D. S.
Since the termination of the war, the trustees of the American Field Service, in order to provide an enduring memorial for those of its members who gave their lives to the Cause, and in order to perpetuate among future generations of French and American youth the mutual understanding and fraternity of spirit which marked their relations during the war, have united with the trustees of the American Fellowships in French Universities to establish an organization to be known as the American Field Service Fellowships for French Universities. This organization proposes to award fellowships for advanced study in France to students selected from American colleges, universities, and industrial establishments and fellowships for French students in American Universities. These fellowships will, when endowed, be named after the men of the American Field Service who died in France; and it is intended, if sufficient funds can be obtained, to name a fellowship in memory of each one of these men. The trustees of the American Field Service and a large number of those who served in it, or who contributed to and worked for it, feel that they could in no better way carry on in times of peace the work undertaken during the war.
It has long been felt that advanced American students, when continuing their studies in Europe, have not availed themselves to any adequate extent of the great advantages offered by the universities throughout France, in every field of science and learning. A main reason has been that these have not sufficiently been brought to their attention. It is therefore proposed to encourage the development of a body of university scholars who by personal acquaintance with French achievements will be in a position to restore in all branches of American public opinion the just status of French science and learning and a better appreciation of the place of France in the leadership of the world. (The opportunities afforded in the French universities in all branches of learning are described in the volume entitled "Science and Learning in France," issued in 1917, with the collaboration of one hundred American scholars, copies of which may be obtained at the nominal price of one dollar for the edition. Room 304, Northwestern Univ. Bldg., 31 West Lake St., Chicago. A valuable statement of the "Opportunities for Higher Education in France" has been published by and may be obtained from the Institute of International Education, 419 West 117th St., New York.)
The American Field Service Fellowships have been established to promote this object. While it is planned by this direct method to secure among American scholars a better appreciation of the contributions of the French universities to science and learning, it is also hoped that through such fellowships the peoples of the world who cherish the same ideals of democracy, justice, and liberty will be helped to know one another better, to understand and appreciate more fully one another's character and aims, to seek larger benefits from one another's labors and achievements in various fields of human activity, and more and more to cooperate in the realization of their common hopes and ambitions.
The French people, during the war, won our warm admiration for their spirit, their devotion to high ideals, their strength of character, and their efficiency. The people of the United States should know them better in the future, should strengthen the bonds of friendship between the two nations, and should increase their cooperation in the advancement of civilization according to their common ideals.
It has been thought best by the Committee appointed to select two additional Trustees for the "American Field Service Fellowships for French Universities" to obtain an expression from the members as a whole as to their choice of representatives in this important service.
It is the desire of the Committee to select one Trustee from the Ambulance and one from the Transport Service, and that they should be selected because of their willingness and ability to render effective co-operation.
Kindly send your suggestions as to nominees to
A. DOUGLAS DODGE, Farmington, Conn.
|Baldwin, Summerfield, Jr.||Harvard||Political Science|
|Bepler, Doris W.,||Uni. of Calif.||History|
|Brorby, Melvin L.,||Uni. of Wisc.||Political Science|
|Cadman, Paul Fletcher,||Uni. of Calif.||Economics|
|Gauld, Brownlee Bensel,||Harvard||Electrical Engi.|
|Hankins, Frank H.,||Baker Uni.||Sociology.|
|Harvitt, Hélène,||Barnard||Romance Philol.|
|Howard, Henry Temple,||Uni. of Calif.||Architecture.|
|Isaacs, Schachne,||Uni. of Cincinnati||Psychology.|
|Jesse, Bredelle,||Uni. of Missouri||Education.|
|Lepaulle, Pierre Georges,||Comparat. Law.|
|McClumpha, Charles W.,||Columbia||Law.|
|Mackall Colin C.,||Uni. of Va.||Chemistry.|
|Méras, Edmond A.,||Col of City of N.Y.||Romance Philol.|
|Pharr, Clyde,||E. Tex. Nor. Col.||Classical Philol.|
|Powell, John E.,||Uni. of Mich.||Romance Philol.|
|Sharp, Walter R.,||Wabash College||History.|
|Stewart, Fred W.,||Cornell Uni.||Medicine.|
|Tracy, B. Hammond, Jr.,||Harvard||Landscape Engi.|
|Varnum, Richard Blynn,||Harvard||Political Science and Inter. Law.|
|Williams, Ira Jewell,||Harvard||Romance Langu. and Literature.|
The first reunion of the American Field Service has passed, coming off with great "éclat" and a success far ahead of what even the most devoted members had hoped. Of the 2300 odd members who belong to the Service, fully one quarter were present at one time or another during the various functions the men coming from all parts of the States. It was a great tribute to our Service, to its organizers, and to all it stands for, that such a large number attended.
The morning of Friday, May 7, the American Field Service opened up reunion headquarters in Exhibition Room No. 5 of the Pennsylvania Hotel. Men began to arrive and register at early hours of the forenoon. "Doc" Andrew was kept busy in the lobby greeting arrivals, exerting his memory to its fullest to call each man by name.
In the small headquarters room there appeared many new faces, new, that is, to the average Field Service man. But after waiting, there began to filter in familiar faces, at first men one had known from other sections, and then of a sudden there finally appeared men from your own section who were there in your time. Then it was, "Hel-lo Jack ... .. "Hell-oo Joe," followed by slapping on the back and learning what they bad been doing since the war. Before you knew it you were carried back in mind to old Field Service days, and were reminiscing on old events and happenings in good old France.
Friday was a day for connecting up with old pals, going to lunch with them, and such of us as were not New Yorkers, but mere provincial outsiders, took in a few of the sights. In the evening was the first real gathering, at the D. K. E. Club. Moving pictures were thrown on the screen of the Field Service ambulance and camion sections at their old "postes," or rolling through French villages, of the Lafayette Escadrille fliers at work and at play, and of French troops on the march, and in their cantonments, and being reviewed and decorated by their famous leaders. These same pictures were used during the war to show what the ambulance drivers were doing and to promote the enlistment of new material. As the pictures were taken of the ambulance sections early in 1916, and of the camion sections in early 1917, the typical scenes brought back to us, more than anything else could have done, our work in the old Service.
At the conclusion of the pictures the lights were turned on and we saw lots and lots of familiar faces. We scrambled around the tightly packed hall and shook hands and exchanged news with all those we had not previously seen. It was quite a revelation to see how many had shown up, and what a lot of enthusiasm was shown. There were as many as 250 or 300 men in all, and the room was so full that all could not get in, so in truly proper American style those left outside set up singing songs and providing their own entertainment in the entry.
There then followed a series of sketches on the stage. The first scene portrayed a dugout in which two or three French poilus were sputtering in typical poilu argot. In the bunks were two A. F. S. men sleeping and as a Frenchman showed too much curiosity about them, one peered from the bunk and bellowed, "Go to h-----." The poilu was abashed as far as a poilu can be abashed, muttering to his comrade "Qu'est-ce qu'il dit, ce type là?" Then the A.F.S. drivers came to the fore and talked, received their mail, talked of girls at home, and went out on call.
Another scene was in a café at a small town near the front, Edgar Scott of Hasty Pudding Club Show fame taking the part of a vampire. The A. F. S. driver came in and talked with an American nurse, but upon spying the French "beaut" promptly deserted her for a more charming companion. The program of this highly artistic production is reproduced on a neighboring page.
Saturday morning the business meeting was held at the roof garden of the Hotel Pennsylvania. This was a meeting of great importance to all of us as at this meeting the Service was permanently organized into the American Field Service Association. A provisional constitution was adopted and officers elected. The constitution had been drawn up just previous to the reunion and as there was little time to give it proper consideration, a committee was appointed to go over it in detail and make recommendations to be submitted at the next meeting. The constitution and names of officers are printed elsewhere in this publication as well as the minutes of the meeting. These tell clearly what occurred at the meeting and how the Association was organized. There were some 300 men present, all of whom showed great interest in the crystallizing of the Service into a permanent organization.
At noon on Saturday, the various sections held lunches in various parts of the town, generally at French restaurants, such as Mouquin's, the Brevoort, the Savarin, some at the Harvard Club, and others at less known resorts where the temporary secretary of the section had found French atmosphere and French refreshments available. This was the first occasion when all the men of the various sections really got together, and judging from my own section lunch, it seemed almost like old days, having so many of the familiar faces about you.
The latter part of the afternoon was reserved for preparing for the grand banquet, whether the preparations were of a bibulous nature or merely of apparelling oneself properly. Before 7.30 there was a throng gathered in the entry to the ballroom of the Pennsylvania Hotel, that would have done credit to a Republican Convention. New men appeared who had not been able to arrive in time for previous functions, and when the doors were opened it was a question whether all could be seated. The banquet hall was decorated with French and American flags and laurel wreaths, and from the balconies hung the many colored banners of the sections. A fine French band from the Capitol Theatre burst into the "Sambre et Meuse" as the doors were opened and the crowd filed in.
"Doc" Andrew presided at the long speakers table arranged along one side of the banquet hall, and throughout the hall were numerous smaller tables holding eight or ten men at which the members gathered, in most cases by sections. In the balconies were many ladies and gentlemen, mothers and fathers of those who had died in the Service, relatives of some of the members, some of those who gave ambulances to the Service, and people who had been connected with the Service in some particular way.
At the speakers' table were seated Messrs. A. Piatt Andrew, H. D. Sleeper, J. R. Greenwood, and his reunion committee, representing the Field Service, and as guests, the French Ambassador, M. Jusserand; the French High Commissioner, M. Casenave; the French Consul General, M. Liebert; the former American Ambassador to France, Mr. Herrick; Mr. Eliot Norton, of the Norton Harjes Service; the Chairman of the A. F. S. Fellowships Trustees, Mr. Coffin; Dr. Birckhead, Dr. Cunliffe of the University Union, and others.
Of course the first event was a flashlight picture, taken with great difficulty by the garrulous and active photographer, who, however, completed his job speedily and had his proof ready for inspection before the banquet was half over.
Colonel Andrew spoke first, in his familiar style, very well and to the point. What he said is recorded quite fully elsewhere in this issue. He read cables of friendship and congratulation from Captain Aujay, Monsieur Viviani, former President Poincaré, Mrs: Vanderbilt, "Steve" Galatti, the Paris Committee, and last of all from Monsieur Clemenceau, all of which were received with tumultuous applause. He then appointed as toastmaster, Joseph R. Greenwood, our newly elected President, who also was the chairman of the reunion committee, and upon whom the bulk of the reunion work fell.
Mr. Greenwood very aptly introduced our distinguished guests one after the other. Ambassador Jusserand was the first speaker. He told us in his simple and direct way, sincerely and kindly, how much he appreciated what our Service had done, in particular toward bringing the two countries together, of what France was doing today to repair her ruins and to resume her normal life, and ended by reading a special message from the President of France, M. Deschanel. Ex-ambassador Herrick followed with a rousing good speech, telling us how much it meant to have had the Field Service do the work it did. It was a bright star to him in the early years of the war amid the black blindness of the administration at home.
It must have been at the close of his speech that we were greatly "émus" by the appearance of Mlle. Spinelli, who sang several French songs from the top of the speakers' table. Her welcome, needless to say was enthusiastic and boisterous. She was presented with a huge bouquet of flowers, which of course called for another encore.
Again we had Flatteau, who sang for us the Marseillaise and Madelon in the chorus of which we all joined.
Mr. Coffin was the next speaker, and spoke long on the good works of our Service and upon the permanent system of Fellowships we are establishing. He is one of our trustees and very much interested in this work, and to him we owe a lot of the success of getting it put through.
Dr. Hugh Birckhead at the end, made a very inspiring speech, wonderfully delivered and containing a lot on which one can put a great deal of thought.
Extracts from most of these speeches are printed in this Bulletin.
At the end M. Flatteau lead us in the "Star Spangled Banner" which we sang in good military style, thereafter regretfully betaking ourselves home.
The banquet was the big event of the reunion and one thought nothing could follow that would not take away from the orderliness and completeness of the occasion. But the next morning, at St. Thomas's Church there was held a beautiful service in memory of those of our ranks who died in the war. The Field Service men filed into the church following the choir and occupied the front seats. Dr. Stires spoke in very high terms of the Service, referring to his close feeling for the Service on account of a close friend who was in it. This friend was his son. At the end of his service he announced that the offering for the day would be given to the first Field Service Fellowship in France. The church service gave a very touching and fitting finale to the reunion events.
The whole reunion was a great success and from all quarters men seemed so pleased with it that they all took particular pains to put in their word where they thought it would carry the most weight toward having a reunion next year and every year to follow.
A. B. M.
In connection with the first reunion of the American Field Service in New York, May 7-9, 1920, a business meeting of the members was held at the Hotel Pennsylvania on the morning of May 8. There were present over three hundred men, including the former directors of the Service.
Mr. A. Piatt Andrew opened the meeting at eleven o'clock, and after a short talk telling the purpose of the meeting, Mr. Jefferson B. Fletcher, S. S. U. 4-29, and Mr. Austin B. Mason, S. S. U. 4-8, were unanimously elected temporary Chairman and Secretary, respectively.
It was decided to form a permanent organization, under the name of the American Field Service Association, and the following constitution, which had been previously drawn up by an unofficial volunteer committee, was adopted, after considerable discussion, with the provision that a committee, to he appointed by the President when elected, (the size of this committee to be also left to the President), submit amendments to the constitution through the Field Service Bulletin, to be voted on at the next meeting.
Mr. Joseph R Greenwood, S. S. U. 8 and Vosges Detachment , was unanimously elected President of this Association and Mr. Robert Browning, T. M. U. 526, Vice President, with no other nominations made for these offices. Mr. Austin B. Mason and Mr. A. E. MacDougall were nominated for the office of secretary, and Mr. Mason was elected. Mr. William H. Wallace, Jr., Mr. James Craig, and Mr. W. de Ford Bigelow, were nominated for treasurer, and Mr. Wallace, S. S. U. 4-28, was elected.
It was unanimously voted that Mr. A. Piatt Andrew, Inspector General, Mr. Henry D. Sleeper, American Representative and Mr. Stephen Galatti, Assistant Inspector General, be appointed honorary life members of the Executive Committee of the Association, in addition to the three members that, according to the constitution, are to be appointed by the President.
Mr. Greenwood called upon Mr. Sleeper, in view of the intimate connection which the Association will have in future with the American Field Service Fellowships for French Universities, to explain the purpose and plan of the latter effort, in order that all might have a clear understanding of it and feel in the subject the interest which it deserves. At the conclusion of his explanation, Mr. Sleeper announced that a friend of the Field Service had donated $5,000 as rental of permanent headquarters for the Association, for the first year.
It was voted that a committee of seven be appointed by the President, to select one member each of the ambulance and camion branches of the Field Service, to serve as Trustees for the American Field Service Fellowships for French Universities.
The following members of the Service were appointed by the President to serve as a committee for the selection of the two trustees from among the members of the Field Service: Mr. A. D. Dodge, Mr. W. Yorke Stevenson, Mr. Edwin C. Lawrence, Mr. Thomas Means, Mr. Beverly Rantoul, Mr. Robert H. Gamble, and Mr. W. de Ford Bigelow.
It was voted that a committee of three be appointed by the President to send cablegrams of gratitude and appreciation to those in France to whom the Service is particularly indebted, including Mrs. Vanderbilt, Comtesse de la Villestreux, and Mr. Stephen Galatti. Mr. G. Hinman Barrett, Mr. Preston Lockwood, and Mr. Richmond Ordway were appointed on this committee.
It was also voted that a committee of three be appointed by the President to prepare a cablegram to President Deschanel, expressing the thanks and appreciation of the Field Service for all that the people of France did for them during their service there. Mr. Charles J. Farley, Mr. John R. Fisher, and Mr. Thomas Means were appointed on this Committee.
It was asked that copies of these cablegrams be given to the, Reunion Committee in time so that they might be read at the banquet.
It was agreed that the time and place of the next meeting be left for the decision of the Executive Committee.
The meeting adjourned at twelve thirty.
AUSTIN B. MASON, Secretary.
|Joseph R. Greenwood, President
Robert A. Browning, Vice President
Austin B. Mason, Secretary
William H. Wallace, Jr., Treasurer
|A. Piatt Andrew
Philip K. Potter
Robert A. Browning
Frank O. Robinson
Henry D. Sleeper
Austin B. Mason
W. Yorke Stevenson
William H. Wallace, Jr.
|Paul F. Cadman
Robert A. Donaldson
John R. Fisher
Walter W. J. Gores
|E. L. Huffer
Frederick W. Kurth
James W. D. Seymour
|Charles A. Butler
Charles J. Farley
|Robert H. Gamble
The name of this organization shall be the American Field Service Association.
The purpose of this Association shall be in general to perpetuate the memory of our life and work as volunteers with the French Army in the years from 1915 to 1917, to keep alive the friendships of those years, and to promote in the future mutual understanding and fraternal feeling between France and the United States, and in particular to arrange for future reunions, to publish and distribute the Field Service Bulletin, to cooperate with the Trustees of the American Field Service Fellowships for French Universities, to provide, through a committee in France, information and assistance for members of the Association and for Field Service Fellows when in France, and, as opportunity offers, to arrange for addresses by, and the entertainment of, Frenchmen visiting this country.
The officers of the Association shall be a president and a vice president, a secretary, and a treasurer to be elected at the annual meeting.
(a). The Executive Committee shall consist of the officers of the Association, and of three members to be appointed by the President. The Executive Committee shall have power to transact such business as may arise between meetings of the Association, and to authorize expenditures therefor.
(b). A Reunion Committee of at least seven members shall be appointed each year by the President from members residing in, or near, the city in which the reunion.will be held.
(c). A Bulletin Committee of at least five members shall be appointed each year by the President to supervise the publication of the Field Service Bulletin.
There shall be three classes of members: active, associate, and honorary.
(1). Active members: All members of members of the Field Service in good standing are eligible for active membership
(2). Associate members: Any American who served as a volunteer with the French Army shall be eligible for associate membership, if approved by the Executive Committee'
(3). Honorary members: Fathers and mothers of members of the Field Service who died in active service during the war shall be honorary members of the Field Service Association. Any French officer or French soldier who has been affiliated with the Field Service shall be eligible for election as an honorary member at the annual reunion.
The annual dues of active and associate members shall be five dollars. The fiscal year will begin July 1, and members not paying dues before Nov. 1 will be dropped from the rolls until reinstated by the Executive Committee.
On payment of one hundred dollars members may receive life membership.
There shall be an annual reunion of the Association held at a place and approximate date determined by a general vote at the previous reunion.
A special meeting of the Association may be called by vote of the Executive Committee.
The Constitution may be amended at the regular business meeting of any annual reunion, by a two-thirds vote of the members present, and voting.
The following is a copy of the program of the sketches given at the D. K. E. clubhouse on Friday evening. Great credit is due Mr. J. W. D. Seymour who has been doing editorial work on the Field Service History not only for his delightful acting but also for writing the sketches and being responsible for their successful production.
An Evacuation in Three Trips, by A. P. Andrew and Henry Ford and their gang. Costumes from the wardrobe of Peter Lorillard Kent. Scenery, by God! Ain't nature grand?
Wine wasted in the third scene supplied by Henry D. Sleeper (Special arrangement with Moët and Chandon).
French Army appears by courtesy of Stephen Galatti and Marechal Foch.
Vest-pocket livestock from Brancard et Couverture, Inc., G. B. D.
Les Artistes? Les deux Premières Scènes---Au front.
Mm. Scotte, Mordain; Gauger, Brichoux; Saumur, Jim, l'Arrabée, Larry.
Mlles. censored, (supprimées).
Troisième Scène---A Panam.
Mm. l'Arrabée, Robin fils, Saumur, Scotte.
Mm. Scotte, l'Arrabée, Saumur.
RANK: Pvt. Cotton, R. R. Larrabee; Capt. Miller, J. W. D. Seymour.
(The company wishes to extend its thanks to Mr. Andrew and Miss Elsie Janis for permission to use this play.)
Look around you now, locate the nearest Poste de Secours. In case of disturbance in the theatre, walk, do not run, for the anti-tetanus. Anyone stampeded during the play will be sent through the triage by the médecin chef.
Colonel Andrew in opening the banquet, spoke as follows:
"I am sure that I am only expressing what every Field Service man who is here tonight feels when I say that we are very happy that this, our first reunion, is honored by the presence of so many distinguished guests. We are glad to see the balconies garlanded by so many fair and gentle friends, and above all we are proud of the privilege of having with us M. Liebert, the Consul General of France; M. Casenave, the High Commissioner of France; and one who, during most of the life of many of those here tonight, has been a friendly and beloved presence in our country, His Excellency, M. Jusserand, the Ambassador of France.
"The war has left our country different in many respects from what it was when we sailed from its shores three, or four, or five years ago. The habits of men and women have changed. In the old days, when men came together upon an occasion like this, they were apt to discuss politics, and when women met each other, among other things they exchanged recipes; but today it is quite the other way around. From bits of conversation that I have overheard, it would seem to be the ladies who are discussing politics, while the men have certainly been busy exchanging recipes.
"The war seems also to have wrought great changes in our national character. We used to think that Americans were always in a hurry, and we prided ourselves upon our rapidity of judgment and execution; but in the last five years we have become the most deliberate of people. After the world war began, it took thirty-two months for us to decide that we ought to participate in it, and now that the war is long since over, it seems likely to require a similar lapse of time for us to decide to make peace. We used to think of ourselves, too, as a steady fast people, and to assume that when we once undertook to do anything, our associates could depend upon us to stand by them, come what would, and come what might, until we had seen it through; but I leave it to you to say whether we are still justified in making that assumption.
"It is probably in part on account of such considerations as these which have brought disappointment and disillusionment to many of us since our return, that we of the old Field Service find ourselves today more than ever glad to come together. We are bound by the memories that we have in common of the greatest hours, and days, and months, and years, that we shall ever know; but we are bound also by the fact that we still speak in 1920 the same language that we spoke in 1915, 1916, 1917, and 1918, and that we still have the same point of view and the same sentiments. We still have, and shall have until we die, the same reverence and affection for the blue-coated soldiers who were our comrades over there, and the same estimation and feeling for the valiant people and for the very soil of France.
"Whenever you encounter a Field Service man, you will find an ardent champion of the interests of France, quick to defend her from ignorant complaint, keen to expatiate upon her manifold virtues, and above all, ready to repudiate and denounce any reflections upon her character, no matter whence they come. A famous American general has said on several occasions, and has repeated the statement quite recently, that before he arrived in France the French people were ready to quit. The Field Service men who were in France long before the general came, know, and do not hesitate to say (now that we are out of the army), that such a statement may be flattering to our national vanity, but that it certainly has no foundation in fact.
"And when any one, no matter how highly placed, characterizes France as militaristic, because she seeks to protect her homes and cities from depredation, and her people from wanton slaughter, one can count upon the men of this Service, who witnessed the prodigious sufferings of France throughout the war, and who sensed the gentle and chivalrous spirit of her army, and of her people, to be among the first to proclaim the falsity and injustice of such a conception.
"With this spirit dominating the Field Service, and the desire so deeply rooted in its members to correct mutual misapprehensions and to promote mutual understanding and friendship between France and the United States, what can be more natural than the effort which has been launched today to transmit to future generations of French and American youth, the same spirit and the same desire. The fellowships that the Field Service hopes ultimately to establish not only will promote science and learning, but will tend to perpetuate, long after all of us are gone, the fraternity and understanding between the youth of the two countries which so strikingly characterized their relations in old Field Service days. They will build a noble and enduring monument to one hundred and twenty-seven comrades who gave all that they were, and all that they might ever have hoped to be, to the cause of America and of France. They will help to make immortal the spirit in which these men gave their lives."
His Excellency, the French Ambassador, Monsieur Jules J. Jusserand, said in part:
"I have been for many years the Ambassador of France to the United States, but I remember with particular pleasure and pride that I was once the Ambassador in France of a power for which I have a feeling of deep affection and gratitude, viz. the American Field Service. I was asked by their chief, Mr. A. Piatt Andrew, to go and meet one of the great leaders of the world, Marshal Joffre, and to negotiate with him that he consent to write a preface for the definitive account they were preparing of their life in France.
"A most difficult task indeed. The Marshal flatly refused. 'I am no writer,' he said.
"'Well , ' I retorted, 'you are a member of the French Academy.'
"'I was not elected there,' he replied, 'for anything I had written.'
"There was no doubt as to this. What the great warrior had written was not to be read black on white, but red on green in the valley of the Marne, and many other valleys and hills of France. I did not, however, admit defeat and I said: 'Think that it is for those young Americans who, before their country came with all her might to the rescue, had enlisted with us, giving the example, showing the way, arousing their compatriots, helping our wounded.'
"'I shall write the preface,' the Marshal answered.
"Be assured that the feeling which dictated the decision of the Marshal is one we all have in France for you young Americans who have shown so much ardor for the great cause, who have risked so much and worked so efficiently. We owe you the life of many of our citizens who, without your timely help, would have increased the immense number of those dead whose tombs dot the ground all the way from Switzerland to Dunkerque.
"The same warm-heartedness which caused you to enlist in the earliest and gloomiest period of the war is shown again by your decision to honor your dead and help towards a closer union between young men of education in France and America, by founding those 127 scholarships which will each bear the name of one of your members who died for the common cause. I compliment you from my heart. Accept, please, the thanks of a nation whose losses have, to be sure, been immense, since over 8 millions of our youth served during the war and much more than half were either killed or wounded, but a nation that will recover and is already on the way to it, reclaiming the ravaged portions of France, trebling her export trade by comparison with last year, and that in spite of the scarcity of coal and of machinery, paying prodigious taxes which a bill recently voted has still increased by 8 billion and a half francs.
"When you visit tomorrow the admirable St. Thomas' church, you will notice on the balustrade of the choir, a round medallion on which is engraved an image of Reims cathedral. This medallion is made of a stone from that cathedral, and three smaller ones, with a 'fleur de lis' on each, which came, if I am not mistaken, from the cathedrals at Péronne, Soissons and St. Quentin, a touching remembrance and a symbol. I feel confident that the monument of generosity and sympathy built by you and your compatriots in French hearts, through your labors and the valiance of your troops, will outlive throughout centuries even those of our sacred monuments which the fury of the invader has been unable to raze to the ground. Such souvenirs are of the sort that never dies."
Mr. Herrick, the former Ambassador of the United States in France, said in part:
"It is with the deepest emotion that I stand before you tonight, recalling as l do the thrilling incidents and the tragedies of the months and years that have passed since the first American ambulance left the Neuilly Hospital with an American college boy as driver. That was a proud moment, of far greater portent that any of us at that time imagined.
"Boys, I have come over 600 miles to greet you to-night, and I find myself utterly unable to express to you the depth of my feeling, my admiration, and my respect for you who have performed a great humane work as well as an inestimable service to two countries. You who were the privates in this Ambulance Army had magnificent leaders, men of breadth and comprehension, with powers of organization and understanding. With such men as you, it was easy for those officers to write your names high on the record of those who love and serve mankind. I cannot pay too high tribute to those officers who are at this table tonight, Colonel Piatt Andrew, and Mr. Henry D. Sleeper. I really should have the command of several languages to make proper expression of my feeling of gratitude and admiration for you who have written in history the hopes of those who sought to aid France and England and humanity in those days.
"An enthusiastic Frenchman, with very little English at his command, with some American friends who knew no French, looked upon Niagara Falls for the first time. Overwhelmed with admiration and amazement at Nature's great spectacle, handicapped by his paucity of English, but eager to show his appreciation, choking with emotion, he cried: 'By Gar, she go over first rate!' I say, boys, you go over first rate, and America's proud of you!
"In your enthusiasm, patriotism and understanding, apart from the humane work, you were quite unconsciously performing a great international service. I am sure that there are few of you who comprehend the effect that you have had upon the people throughout America by your prompt acceptance of the call long before our thought of entering the war.
"The moment that that great invading Army,. disregarding human rights and international law, like an irresistible flood, surged into Belgium, it became apparent that this war was not to be confined to Europe, but that it was a war on free people. But this could not be comprehended by all at once, for it takes a long time for a hundred millions of people to understand a question so complex. We could not understand that Germany intended to conquer civilization and reverse the principle of Government which we had established here. It was inevitable that an awakening process was necessary before we could finally realize that our fate hung in the balance as well as that of the Allies, and that our place was with them.
"The American Field Service rendered aid to France in bringing in her wounded, but it performed a part of greater value to America in bringing her to an understanding of her obligations and her peril.
"It was a fortuitous circumstance that in the early days of the war the Americans in Paris had the opportunity given them to create a great hospital. The French Government offered them the Lycée Pasteur. This offer grew out of an application made by your Ambassador and Dr. Magnin to General Février for permission to place some tents for the wounded in the Garden of the American Hospital at Neuilly, Paris. Many of you are familiar with that complete little American hospital. It had an American charter and it had performed limited but very valuable service in years past to the Americans resident in France and those visiting there. The Lycée Pasteur is a beautiful building, occupying a whole square, and was built by the Government for a school, It was barely ready for occupancy. Upon survey it was found to have a capacity for over 1600 beds. General Février in answer to our request for permission to place the tents in the garden of the American Hospital, asked if we would not like to take over and equip for a hospital the great Lycée Pasteur. This was very early in August, 1914. We thought that if he would give us a little time, we would be glad to accept this. As you know, there were many Americans living in Paris, known as the American Colony. There were others there temporarily. It seemed to us that these people were available for service, and that they would be glad to do something for France---that all Americans loved her, not only for herself but for the sentiment, the mental tie that has bound us for more than a century and a half. Therefore, we asked for time, and 24 hours were granted us. It was estimated that about $200,000 or $300,000 would be required to prepare the building for a hospital, and that at least $400,000 per annum would be necessary for its upkeep. Two separate meetings were called at the Embassy---one for the men and one for the women. As a result, it was decided to accept the offer of the French Government, and a pledge was made for the money necessary to equip the hospital and $400,000 per annum underwritten for the duration of the war, and members of the American Colony and others enlisted in this service with the understanding that the Americans whatever contingencies might arise, and they were portentious ---were not to desert their post---that there would be no desertion, not even if there was a siege. I am glad to say, to the honor and credit of those who equipped this hospital, that there was not one instance of defection. I need not dwell on how well this hospital carried on to the end. It has become history.
"This all leads us to the beginning of the American Field Service which has been an example of efficiency and patriotism to the whole world. Almost at the very opening of the hospital, a number of motors were offered us for ambulances. That was the embryo from which your great organization developed. Then the question arose: 'Who will drive these ambulances? Naturally, they had to be Americans, as the undertaking was to be under American auspices.' Some one suggested that if an appeal were made to the college students of America to drive these ambulances, there would be an instantaneous response, and that there would be men enough and more to equip them---that this would appeal to the imagination and patriotism of the American college men. And such, as you know, was the case. The remark was also made that if college men would come over in that capacity the reaction on the American public through this intelligent channel would be helpful. From the very beginning there were many on this side who were not 'neutral in thought,' and who were seeking the chance to transmit their opinions and hopes into action. This would aid the American public to comprehend their relations to the war and to recognize that it was an opportunity and also an obligation for America to pay some of the old debt of long standing to France but, more than this, it would offer the beginning of a preparation for self-defense. And you, my dear friends, realized the opportunity and shouldered the obligation and have all written your names high among those who served your country and your fellowmen. Long before your country had its official representatives on the battle front, you had carried its standards to every sector from Flanders to Alsace and even to the armies contending in the Balkans! Such an opportunity to serve, not only your own country, but another one has rarely come to the young men of any country. Really, what a wonderful age is this in which we have lived! It is a great thing to live in a country so young and virile as ours and to have an active part in assisting it in times of peril!
"While this meeting is really a Reunion of the Field Service, it also has another purpose which is most inspiring. It is intended not only to keep alive the memories of your excellent service, but to bring France closer to America, and to keep alive that feeling of fraternity and friendship which was born in the beginning of our nation. This meeting, aside from being a Reunion, is for the purpose of celebrating the union of the American Field Service and the Society for American Fellowships in French Universities, which were brought together some time since under the name of the American Field Service Fellowships for French Universities. The story of the creation of the Society for American Fellowships in French Universities and its excellent work, which was largely due to Mr. Charles A. Coffin and to Dr. Wigmore, I will leave to others, but before I conclude I desire to express to you my unbounded enthusiasm and hope for the success of this now organization. We older men were not privileged to serve at the front or in the Field Service, but we are deeply interested in the creation of the American Field Service Fellowships for French Universities, and are very enthusiastic for the success of this organization. You bring to it the vigor of youth; we bring to it, I hope, the benefit of the wisdom of long years and experience. May we have many years together. We will endeavor together to perpetuate the memory of the great events in which we have had a part in entering this new era of civilization."
Mr. Charles A. Coffin, Chairman of the American Field Service Fellowships for French Universities, spoke in part as follows:
"It is an especial pleasure and privilege to meet so large a number of that distinguished organization, the American Field Service. Its membership constitutes a unique body, without precedent or parallel in the annals of high endeavor of the youth of America.
"The spectacle of two thousand five hundred young men, eighty per cent of them drawn from the universities and colleges of the country, animated by a spirit of patriotism and sacrifice, is deeply impressive. The record of the matchless work which was yours at the front, in camp, field and hospital, will make a brilliant and imperishable page of the history of the great struggle, and now with the memory of your deeds in war fresh and dominant in your minds, it is of impressive fitness that you should in peace render service which shall be no less notable. For this your association with the Society for American Fellowships in French Universities under the new name of "American Field Service Fellowships for French Universities" affords the opportunity. The fortunate circumstances of your coming to the support of this cause is a guaranty of stability and permanence, and will vastly increase the activities and usefulness of the organization.
"That civilization may not retrograde demands that the highest ideals of all peoples shall be preserved. In material things, trade and barter and the seeking of advantage, often aggressive and unwholesome, unduly survive, but with the intellectual and spiritual there is ever need between peoples as between individuals, of the inspiration of intercourse, helpfulness and mutual endeavor to the end that high standards shall in the common interests of mankind be firmly fixed and scrupulously maintained. That you young men, whose life work has but just begun, should now determine to dedicate in future a part at least of your time, sympathy and means to the exchange as between France and America of intellectual and scientific thought and achievement challenges admiration, and inspires the confident hope that these two great countries will exert an ever increasing influence in the world.
"It may not be inappropriate to here recall the origin of the Society for American Fellowships in French Universities. Late in 1915, Dr. John H. Wigmore, Dean of Law in the Northeastern University of Chicago, a widely known educator, laid the foundation of the Society, which from now on will bear the name of American Field Service Fellowships for French Universities. In correspondence with Professor C. H. Grandgent, then exchange Professor at the Sorbonne he learned that the project would be cordially welcomed by the French authorities. The French Ambassador at Washington, M. Jusserand, also expressed to Dr. Wigmore his deep interest in the movement. A meeting of scientists was then called at the Northeastern University, and also at the University of Chicago, and at the same time Professor Grandgent convened a similar meeting at Harvard University. At these meetings preliminary selections of authors of the book "Science and Learning in France" were made. Through the zeal and energy of Dr. Wigmore, who devoted himself to the preparation of the book "Science and Learning in France" during the year 1916, the manuscript was completed early in the year 1917. About one hundred authors, distinguished members of the faculties of American universities and colleges contributed to its preparation. The manuscript was then brought to New York by Dr. Wigmore, and largely through the activities of Mr. Dwight W. Morrow, the necessary funds for printing an edition of 5,000 copies of the book were secured. The book was published in June, 1917, and copies were sent to about 700 universities and colleges in the United States, and to hundreds of leading periodicals and clubs throughout the country. A large number were also forwarded to the Ministry of Instruction in France. The great service rendered by Dr. Wigmore and his associates in the preparation of this book constitutes a notable contribution to the cause of educational relations between France and America. Had this not been done, the Fellowship Society which the American Field Service now honors by its support, would not have been created.
"The original Board of Trustees of the Society for American Fellowships, seventeen in number, were selected from the ranks of public men who had conspicuously shown their devotion to France and its people, and their deep interest in the educational relations between the two countries, including two ex-Ambassadors to France, Honorable Robert Bacon and Honorable Myron T. Herrick. I may mention here with profound regret the recent death of four of the seventeen trustees, Honorable Robert Bacon, James Stillman, Thomas Thacher, and Major Henry L. Higginson. Each was distinguished in his own sphere for patriotism and devotion to public and personal duty, and their loss, not only to the Fellowship Society but, in a larger and wider sense, as great citizens, will long be deplored. "Now that these men have passed away, it is fortunate that their successors are to be chosen from the ranks of the American Field Service,---young men whose valiant work for the torn and suffering French people, and in intimate touch with the great tragedy, created in their souls a desire to render to France an unbroken and continuous service during the future years in which the horrors of the war will remain but as a vivid memory. That so large a number of your Field Service group entered French universities after the Armistice, thereby receiving fresh impetus to your interest in and sympathy with French university life and training, emphasizes your special fitness for the work of international education.
"The future of the new Fellowship Society will be chiefly in your keeping. Backed by a cordial sympathy with your endeavor on the part of all those in America and France who value intellectual and scientific progress, your success is beyond doubt. Your part in the achievement of this success will constitute a precious heritage for your children, and your children's children in all the future."
Dr. Hugh Birckhead spoke in part as follows:
"The contribution made by the American Field Service was the most chivalrous offering of America in the Great War. For three reasons it stands by itself as of great significance.
"1st. Because it was entirely voluntary, the answer of the heart of our great country at its best to the appeal of the agony of France. It possesses the same quality which brought Lafayette across the sea at our moment of desperation in the first great birth pangs of our nation. There is a glory in the eagerness of such a gift which no long contemplated, carefully considered, national resolve can ever have.
"2nd. Only those who were most fortunate could respond. To read over a list of the names of the men who first answered this call, or of the individuals who gave the ambulances and the necessary funds is to touch the high spots in American life, from the Atlantic to the Pacific. It was the answer of the best, instinctively feeling its obligation of "noblesse oblige" and finding a new and undiscovered joy in the completeness of the renunciation that was asked, and in the risk of the service which was required.
"3rd. Again, it possessed the compelling charm which is always the peculiar possession of youth. The 'Great Adventure' was taking place 3000 miles away, and these young lives rushed forth with such gladness to claim their place among the 'Brotherhood that binds the brave of all the earth.' And how wonderfully France, with its quick intelligence, understood this and received the gift in the spirit in which it was given, has been forever put on record tonight by the cables that have been read from the men whose names mean most as Frenchmen throughout the world.
"Gentlemen, your task has just begun. You have had an opportunity to see France at her best, and it is your privilege and your duty to bear witness to what you have seen, in your own land during your day and generation.
"In the Great War 11 million lives went up to God in violence and fire. Eleven million graves were dug in the soil of Europe, and to those of us who believe that not one of them was lost or wasted or forgotten, there is tremendous significance in this thought. How had we swerved so far from the right way that it took 11 million lives to bring us back? Is there any one thought rising above the horizon of the human intelligence great enough to account for this vast army of death? I think there is just one, the ideal of a world understanding. There is nothing new in this thought. The Greeks discussed it, as you will remember, and the Romans realized it. But it comes to us today from a new, unexpected and compelling force which cannot be ignored. A world understanding is not a matter of morality in the year 1920, neither is it a religious conviction, or a political expedient. The force that is compelling our attention is formed from the cold, calculated, unalterable fact which we call 'Science.' Science acting in two ways in the midst of our modern world.
"1st. As the great Shepherd of the human race. The world is one-tenth the size that it was one hundred years ago. There are no undiscovered countries, no frontiers, no regions left which are not in touch with the throb of the whole world's destiny. We are no longer bound together by elaborately stretched cables and wires, but by the very air that we breathe. I can send my whisper around the world tonight recorded by the waves of the atmosphere. I have stood upon the Atlantic coast and heard the waves dashing upon the Pacific shore. Does it wreak nothing to you to be living in the year when the Atlantic ocean has been crossed in nineteen hours? What does this mean? We are like men in a room the walls of which are slowly contracting until for lack of space we are all huddled together sitting side by side. Our proximity is as inevitable as the rising of tomorrow's sun, and it means that we must learn to live together, we must learn to trust each other, we must learn to love each other. Science, the great Shepherd of the race, gathers us one by one into a common fold.
2nd. But Science is compelling our attention from another angle as well, not merely the great Shepherd but the great Destroyer of human life. This war has been merely an adventure. The ingenuity of the world has been partly aroused to the possibilities of obliterating mankind. The next war must be infinitely more deadly than the last, not merely will armies be decimated, but cities will be wiped out in a night, and the nation that first strikes with devilish ingenuity let loose, will conquer within a month. How many of you have seen the great gas factory built at enormous expense by our Government near Cleveland? It is indeed the Temple of Death; everything about it menaces the man who dares to enter its vast halls. The casualties during the first month of its existence among the operatives were 100 per cent. In the centre of this building is a large glass box into, the midst of which six great shells at a time are drawn by machinery, six ducts are let down into the tops of these shells, and the black liquid, which is the deadly gas, gradually fills them to the brim. Then a man stretches his arm encased in rubber into the box and fastens on the top of the shells. We are told that nine tons of this gas lifted above the sleeping city of New York in aeroplanes, and cast down upon its inhabitants would asphyxiate two thirds of them before they awoke from their sleep. Making due allowance for our national characteristic of exaggeration, this statement if not actually true is prophetically true. The next war will be a war of experts and not of armies, a war of physics and chemistry, a war conducted from the sky. Have 11 million lives, ruthlessly destroyed, taught us the lesson of the uselessness, the waste, the measureless wrong of human conflict, or must the next generation dying in infinitely greater numbers learn with untold agony the lesson we have ignored? Remember, the selfishness and near-sightedness of each generation must be paid for in terms of suffering and sacrifice by those that come after. Science, the great Destroyer, forces upon the minds of thinking men the necessity of a world understanding.
"In all this America stands supremely responsible. She alone among the nations of the earth has been spared in the Great War. She alone remains strong, rich and without bitterness. Is she to fail in her task for the good of all because she listens to the counsels of national selfishness, and forgets that her avoidance of a universal service today will inevitably make her the special victim of the future? Among Americans the members of the Field Service possess a special responsibility, they can speak with sincere love and admiration of France. And of all the countries of the world we need most at this time the civilization of France. England, great as she is, is largely an exaggeration of our own virtues and limitations, but France, the flower of Romance Civilization, possesses a contribution all its own. As a brilliant American writer has recently said:
"''As long as enriching life is more than preserving it, as long as culture is superior to business efficiency, as long as poetry and imagination and reverence are higher and more precious elements of civilization than telephones and plumbing, as long as truth is more bracing than hypocrisy, and wit more wholesome than dulness, so long will France remain greater than any nation that has not her ideals.'
"Gentlemen, for the sake of France, for the sake of the country that gave you birth, and for the good of mankind, I remember that in those Golden Days you gave conjure you to yourselves so gladly to save human life and to become part of the supreme effort of the modern world for freedom, on the fields of Flanders and France and in the Balkans, and to consider that the task which will always be yours is to shout down provincialism and every form of national selfishness, and to fearlessly stand for the great principle of the world understanding which must come at last."
Paris, May 5, 1920.
J'apprends avec émotion l'initiative si noble prise par l'American Field Service après avoir, dès les premières heures de la tempête universelle, affronté à dix mille kilomètres de la patrie, tous les combats. Les survivants veulent encore fournir l'exemple, et joindre la générosité à la vaillance. Ils seront les bienvenus parmi nous---les jeunes héros que vous nous enverrez. Nous entourerons leur âme à la fois délicate et fière de toute la sollicitude fraternelle dont déborde notre coeur, et la grande France, victorieuse et meurtrie, cette France qui garde dans sa terre bouleversée les corps des héros disparus, se fera douce et tendre aux jeunes hommes qui viendront goûter sa culture, et sa conscience.
Paris, May 5, 1920.
J'ai été personnellement témoin des magnifiques résultats obtenus par the American Field Service, et du splendide courage déployé sur les champs de bataille de France par les volontaires des Etats-Unis avant même l'entrée de leur pays dans la guerre Américaine. Tous les Français demeurent très reconnaissants à l'American Field Service, et tous seront heureux d'accueillir les jeunes Américains qui viendront recevoir dans nos établissements universitaires une partie de leur éducation.
Paris, May 5, 1920.
J'ai connu l'appui précieux que les volontaires de l'American Field Service, engagés sur notre front avant l'entrée en guerre des Etats Unis, ont fourni à la cause de mon pays, et j accueille avec plaisir le nouveau témoignage de leur sympathie manifesté par l'envoi en France des jeunes Américains afin de leur permettre d'achever leur éducation dans nos universités. Cette initiative est sûrement destinée à sceller pour toujours l'amitié de nos deux pays.
Elliot Shepard, Field Service Office,
224 rue de Rivoli, Paris, France:
New York, May 8,1920.
Six hundred Field Service men from all parts of America reunited in New York, deeply moved by tribute of appreciation from leaders of beloved France, Deschanel, Clemenceau, Poincaré, Viviani, recall the immortal hours spent with her heroic soldiers, and testify again in the midst of the problems of peace to their undying reverence, confidence, and affection.
Paris, May 6, 1920.
France is grateful to the American Field Service, which intends to continue beyond the war the traditions started during the war, when in the early days of the struggle its original members had brought us such devoted help, the harbinger of the great effort which led us together to definite victory.
Cablegram in Reply to Above
New York, May 8,1920.
Les Vétérans de l'Americain Field Service aux Armées Françaises,
au Président de la République Française
Nous tenons exprimer a la France par son Président notre reconnaissance du haut privilège d'avoir servi avec ses armées héroïques dans la grande guerre pour préserver la Justice et le Droit et en plus notre sympathie pour ses efforts courageux afin de réparer les blessures de la guerre
Paris, May 6, 1920.
L'impérissable honneur des volontaires de l'American Field Service sera d'avoir donné leur aide à la France en péril sans que rien les y oblige que la voix de leur conscience. Leurs puissants et continuels efforts depuis les premiers combats jusqu' à la victoire finale ont fait l'admiration de tous. Fier d'avoir travaillé avec eux, je leur envoie, ainsi qu' à leurs chefs éminents, mon fraternel souvenir.
Cablegram in Reply
New York, May 8, 1920.
Captain Aujay, 7 Rue Mabeuf, Paris:
Six hundred American Field Service men recall with unchanging gratitude your friendship during our great days in France.
Paris, May 6, 1920.
A tous les membres du Field Service aux Armées Françaises reconnaissant souvenir. Comtesse de la Villestreux.
Cablegram in Reply
New York, May 8, 1920.
Comtesse de la Villestreux, 21 Rue Raynouard, Paris:
We recall with undying gratitude your kindness to us during the great days in France..
600 American Field Service Men.
Paris, May 6, 1920.
Please convey to the boys my warmest remembrances and continual interest in their welfare. I shall always look back on my association with them as my happiest days.
Cablegram in Reply
New York, May 8, 1920.
Mrs. William K. Vanderbilt, 10 Rue Lerou, Paris:
We shall never forget your devotion to our interests throughout those days in France.
600 American Field Service Men.
Paris, May 6, 1920.
Committee already organized is prepared to carry out in France whatever plans-the Field Service adopts and is anxious and ready to receive and welcome all those who may be sent here. We, the thirty-five old members gathered here to-night, send you our greetings and drink your health with real solid pinard. Shepard-Muhr-Hill-Huffer..
Paris, May 6, 1920.
Wish I could be with you at first reunion, which I hope sincerely will result in founding a new, successful effort. Best remembrances to every one.
Cablegram in Reply
New York, May 8,1920.
Stephen Galatti, Paris:
Despite dust-throated conditions, reunion very successful. Association organized. Fellowship plan adopted. Greetings to Paris Committee. Our thoughts revert ever to France.
600 Homesick Veterans.
Paris, May 8, 1920.
Sorry to miss reunion. Cordial greetings to all.
John and Fred Ostheimer.
S. S. U. 4-9, T. M.
San Francisco, May 7, 1920.
California Unit sends cordial greetings and hopes for successful reunion.
John Whitton, Secretary.
The banner of Section One was lost in the banquet hall of the Hotel Pennsylvania after the banquet of May 8. Anyone knowing of its whereabouts will please communicate at once with Yorke Stevenson, Racquet Club, Philadelphia.
Mr. Henry D. Sleeper is sailing on "La France" July 21, and can be reached care of Morgan, Harjes, Paris, until next October.
The American Legion Post at Germantown, Penn. (Penn. Post No. 3), has been named in honor of Henry H. Houston, 2d (Cdt. Adjt. S. S. U. 12--T. M. U. 133), 1st Lt. U. S. F. A., who was killed in action, August 18, 1918.
The American Legion Post at Ann Arbor, Mich., has been named in honor of Richard Nelville Hall (S. S. U. 3), who was killed in the Vosges, December 24, 1915, while a volunteer ambulance driver.
Gardner Richardson, S. S. U. 1, is now in Budapest with the American Child Welfare Mission to Hungary.
Robert Whitney Imbrie, S. S. U. 1 and 3, is now Vice Consul at Viborg, Finland.
Miss Lucy B. MacDonald (Boston and Paris Headquarters), is on a leave of absence to attend the Harvard Summer School.
Ambassador Jusserand in a letter to Professor Holbrook of the University of California, under date of May 19, 1920, said:
"It is most kind of you to have sent me two copies of the January number of the 'University of California Chronicle a number to be kept and cherished forever. I have rarely read a more touching account of American experiences in France than those of Mr. Cadman, Mr. Whitton and Mr. Wright. At a time when unfavorable insinuations seem to grow and multiply under influences which are not always, I am sure, really American, statements of this sort from men who have seen, heard and observed who have been able to live with French people under conditions not far removed from the normal ones, are invaluable. Would you be so good as to tell them how deeply I appreciate the views expressed by them concerning my compatriots and the sense of equity with which they have put to the account of terrible and unheard of circumstances, facts which have too often been interpreted as signifying change in the historical character of the French. I wish for the sake of justice and for the honor of my country as many readers as possible to your young friends."
John B. Whitton writes from California:
"We are already planning a great Pacific Coast Reunion, to take place this fall, to follow the general arrangements of the wonderful reunion in New York. Ralph Frost was our delegate and has written us a full account. We could hold a very worth while reunion here, with the California and Stanford units and a number of men who went individually to France with the Field Service, to draw from. The California Unit still holds monthly meetings, and have a regular weekly luncheon in San Francisco, and will no doubt hold together "pour toujours."
General Mangin in an address published in the "Revue Hebdomadaire" of April 10, said:
"Before entering the war, America already lavished upon us her gold, and not only her gold, but already the blood of her sons, for there were no ambulance drivers bolder than the American Ambulance drivers who went to pick up our wounded on the battlefields, I can bear witness to this. Their cars penetrated to the very midst of the trenches to seek out our wounded---I have seen them with my very eyes. At that time, America was still neutral, at least in the diplomatic sense."
Luke C. Doyle, S. S. U. 3, and Charles C. Battershell, S. S. U. 13-31, wrote from Batoum, Turkey, May 8, 1920:
"We received today the announcement of the Field Service Reunion and were indeed glad to know that the spirit of the old Service is to be perpetuated. An ambulance section would be very useful here just now, carrying blond Russian refugees with their baggage. We often meet some of the old crowd out here. In fact we often wonder if the moving habit developed in the service has not turned loose upon the world a crowd to wander over the face of the world like lost souls. "Dieu and Bolshevism permitting, we will be home for the next reunion."
The Navy League of the United States (1519 Walnut St., Philadelphia), is endeavoring to preserve the records of all volunteers who served with the Allied Armies during the war. Members of the Field Service are requested to obtain from the Navy League, and fill out, the blank forms provided for such records.
Albert Edward Mayoh, T. M. U. 397, writes from Buenos Aires, Argentine, that he has received his copy of the "Reunion" number of the Field Service Bulletin, and says:
"It will interest you to know that even in this far away corner, the local press announcement on May 8 of a Field Service dinner in Paris, could conjure up in at least one person's mind a picture of an old-fashioned garden, various ambulances in different degrees of honorable disrepute, and a bunch of 'guys' who don't know how to spell 'BONUS' or haven't got to apologise for their 'Service.'"
S. S. U. 1.
Andrew, Bosworth, Brennan (10), J. Brown, Jr., Carb, Day, DeRoode, Edwards, End (3), Eno, Farnham, Fitzgerald, Francklyn (3), Gamble, Gile, Granger, Hanna, Lott, Mooney, Nelson, Oller, Paul, Rice, Rockwell (4), Ryan, Sponagle, Stevenson, E. Townsend, H. Townsend, Toy, Walker, White, Winsor, Woolverton, Wylie.
S. S. U. 2.
Ames, J. S. Bigelow, Buswell, Chew, Cook, J. Craig, Curtin, Diemer, Etter, Fay, Fisher (Hdqrs. 20), Griswold, Harper (8), Jacobsen, Leavitt, MacIntyre, Maxwell, Nichols, Page, Powell, Roeder, Salter, Seccombe, Sherrerd, Walker, Wheeler, Whytlaw.
S. S. U. 3.
Amsden, Barber, D'Este (8), Carey, Cummings (4), End (1), Francklyn (1), Griswold, Guthrie, Henderson (13-15), Jennings, Kelleher (12), Lewis, Lockwood (Hdqrs.), Seton (8), Varnum, Winant.
S. S. U. 4.
Almy, Austin (8), W. DeFord Bigelow, C. H. Brown, Jr., Cummings (3), Deeves, Denison, Fowler, A. Kinsolving, Lane, Lebon (10-33), McKinley, Moffat, Pike, Purves, Rantoul, Rockwell, Sanders, Sewall, Shreve, Turnbull, Wallace (28), Wigand.
S. S. U. 8.
Ames, Austin (4), Birckead, Boardman, Breed, Bryan, Burton (13), H. Cahill, Chandler, H. A. Conklin, D'Este (3), Dodge, Greenwood (Vos. Det.), Harper (2), Hoagland, J. Keogh, Lambert, Lewine, Mason, McNaughton, Meadowcroft, Miles Munger, Neftel (17), Owens, Quintard, B. Read (13), Sayre, Seabrook, Seton (3), Sewall, Shattuck , Shoninger, Taylor, A. Thomas (13), Trotter, Weir, Werlemann.
S. S. U. 9.
Cutler, Eastburn, English (3), Farley (16-397), Glorieux, Halliwell, Hutchinson, Sanger, A. Whitman, R. Whitman (397).
S. S. U. 10.
Brennan (1), Chittendon, P. Davis, Ellingston, McClure (33-16), Randau (14), F. Taylor.
S. S. U. 12.
Allen, Bristoll, Bryan, Clark, Crowhurst, Gillespie (19), Griffin, Hearle, W. L. Johnson, Kelleher (3), Lloyd, Lundquist, (Hdq.) Norton, Samuels, C. B. Smith, Wiard.
S. S. U. 13.
Burton (8), C. Butler, E. Clark, Cleveland (65), Corry, Grierson, Henderson (3-15), Herrick, LaFlamme, Lawrence, Mills, Newell, Phillips, Potter, (R. M.), Read (8), Rubel, Scannell, Spencer, Thomas (8).
S. S. U. 14.
R. Curtis, P. Davis, Dudgeon, Fletcher (4-29), Herrick, Law, Leopold, Maritz, McDowell, Perley, Phelps, J. Platt, Randau (10), Vance.
S. S. U. 15.
L. Bailey, M. Bailey, M. Brown, R. Buell, A. Clark, C. Clark, Dick, Dunn, Henderson (3-13), Liddell, Miller, Osborn, Preston, Robinson, Scherf, Young.
S. S. U. 16.
Bowie, J. F. Brown, Farley (9-397), Howland, R. Knowles, McClure (10-33), J. McDonald, J. Platt, Jr.
S. S. U. 17.
Church, Coolidge, Couig, R. Johnson, Nazel, Neftel (8), Richards, Seymour, G. Smyth, Toll, Walton, C. Wright,
S. S. U. 18.
Blum, Boyd, Corcoran, Cutler, A. Frantz, S. Frantz, C. Olmstead, Palamountain, Schoen, R. Woolley.
S. S. U. 19.
Gillespie (12), Rie, Royce.
S. S. U. 20.
Fisher (2 & Hdqrs.), H. Powel (2 Hdqrs.).
S. S. U. 26.
Eckley, Obrig, Rudkin.
S. S. U. 27.
W. Anderson, E. Low, L. Potter.
S. S. U. 28.
C. Anderson, Ashton, F. Colie (Vos. Det.), Fowler, McAnelly, F. Pitman, Wells, Whiton, W. H. Wallace, (4).
S. S. U. 29.
C. Ball, H. Hoyt, Martin, Shepley (504), F. R. Smith.
S. S. U. 30.
C. Adams, Beebe, R. Buel, H. Crawford, A. Frenning, J. Frenning, Gaston, MacDougall, Squibb, Wiswall, Wooldredge.
S. S. U. 31.
Coleman, Flynn, Gage, Hood, K. Meadowcroft, Orcutt, Rogers, Wholey, D. Wooley.
S. S. U. 32.
Ackerman, Barrett, DeVore, Ives, Luqueer, Reaser, Schloss, Schweinler.
S. S. U. 33.
Barnum, Cueva, Heiden, R. Hunter, Lebon, (4-10), Mack, McClure, Rieser, Searle.
S. S. U. 64.
Ballou, Dexter, Fravell, Griggs, B. Harrison, Kitchell, W. Knight, I. Lewis, MacColl, N. MacDonald, Millen, Robinson, Sullivan, Westwood, R. Wheeler.
S. S. U. 65.
Agramonte, Byers, Cleveland, Gauger, F. Lathrop, N. Lee, LeVeillie, MacNair, Redmond, Robbins, Saunders, Silver, F. P. Smith, Spencer, Sponagle, W. Stevens, Stires, Wagner.
S. S. U. 66.
Bluntschli, F. W. Brown, R. Cunningham, Garratt, Griffith, Halladay, Heywood, Howland, Peyton, A. Thompson, D. Turnbull, M. Miller, Demorest.
S. S. U. 67.
F. Adams, Bleakley, Bleeker, Bovey, Bradford, Crouse, Erhart, Fish, Harding, A. Hodgman, S. Hodgman, Irwin, Olds, Petterson, K. Reed.
S. S. U. 68.
L. Ames, Baldwin, Buffington, B. Clark, Coombs, Crary, Dixon, Dunnell, Gray, Greene, Herdic, Kuykendall, Lockwood, Meaker, Savoy, C. E. Smith.
S. S. U. 69.
R. Ball, J. McCampbell, Crawford, Donahue, Holtz, L. Lee, D. MacDonald, W. MacDonald, Manley.
S. S. U. 70.
Chappell, Harvey, McGowan, J. Wells, R. Wells.
S. S. U. 71.
J. Battles, B. Battles, A. Crosby, Fearing, Garwin, James, Kaiser, Packard, Paul, Space, Swasey.
S. S. U. 72.
T. M. U. 133
P. Abbott, Ashley, Beall, E. Brown, Case, Cerf, J. G. Craig, Grieb, Henschel, Herndon, Hyde, Kellett, McGee, McQuiston, Nicola, H. Patterson, E. Redfield, J. Reid, Stinson.
T. M. U. 184
Adamson, Bell, Bottomley, Bowers, A. Browne, Cahill, Chipman, Davies, England, Eveleth, Flickinger, Fowler, Gregoire, R. Hohl, Olson, Paterson, Pelham, Prescott, F. Robinson, Stackhouse, Stude, W. Taylor, Van Ingen, Whitney.
T. M. U. 397.
Atwater (526), Bancroft, Benham, Bradley, Carbaugh, Dearborn, Drew, Durant, Eaton, C. Farley (9-16), Fabens, (526), Gibb, Harrington, Hartley, Hess, Henry, Livingstone, Niesley, F. Olmstead, W. Olmstead, R Ordway, Prince, Reynolds, Small, Storer, Wilcox, Woodend.
T. M. U. 504.
T. M. U. 526.
J. Atwater, Blessing, Bollmeyer, Browne, (184), Cahill, Cary, Clisbee, Emery, Fabens, Gillies, Hall, Henderson, Hinrichs, Kip, Marsh, McNear, Means, Osborn, Partridge, Peffers, Ralston, Renfrew, Smith, Temple, Winslow, Woodman, Woodruff .
T. M. U. 537.
T. M. U. 587.
A. P. Andrew (1), Bosworth (1), Cobb Davison, DeMaine, Fisher (2-20), Kahle, P. Kent, Lunquist (12), Myles, Pumpelly, N. Reynolds (397), H. D. Sleeper.
Greenwood (8), Colie (28).
P. B. K. Potter (13), Bruggeman.
"Wherefore, seeing we also are compassed about with so great a cloud of witnesses, let us lay aside every weight and the sin that doth so easily beset us, and let us run with patience the race that is set before us."
One of the greatest needs of today is a true history of the great war to be placed in the hands of every man and woman for instruction, warning and inspiration. A history which would reveal the perils of the old secret diplomacy, the selfish cynicism of the German attack upon civilization, and the bewilderment of that civilization when suddenly compelled to fight to save its soul---a soul it had almost forgotten.
Valuable as the lessons of that history will be for intelligent patriots everywhere, lovers of their country, lovers of good government, yet the more valuable part of the story will be the personal element; the revelation of the very soul of Belgium and of Servia, with their instant decision to sacrifice everything except honor and justice; the soul of brave France and righteous England; the soul of Italy, of Roumania, of Japan and China; the soul of Poland rising from the grave of tyranny which could not bold it; the soul of Czecho-Slovakia winning its freedom, and proving its worth by the gallant fight against Bolshevist hordes across thousands of miles of Siberian wastes ---one of the epics of the war.
As the history becomes more personal, it will become more inspiring. Like the man who could not see the trees because of the forest, we are so oppressed by the immensity of the war that we forget its moral grandeur; so benumbed by its horror, that we fail to realize that we have been privileged to live in a day whose knighthood surpassed the vaunted chivalry of every golden age of the past. Whatever the faults of the twentieth century civilization, whatever our sins and failures, let it also be recorded that human conscience and will, human courage daring, sacrifice and achievement have never before reached, the heights won in the great war.
Before materialism, which we fought in its crudest and cruellest form, shall in more subtle guise bribe into forgetfulness and disloyalty the souls which open war could not conquer, let us read the history of instruction, for warning, for inspiration. We know that selfishness is man's deadliest peril, and yet we are not fighting it with intelligence and devotion, perhaps we are ever preparing to demand a larger share in a world where each seems suddenly to have forgotten all but himself. That way madness lies, and ruin, and betrayal of a great cause and the comrades who gave all for others.
When that history is in our hands we shall thank God for it. It will throw its white light upon the paths of honor and progress; it will uncover the shame and destruction of selfish ambitions. It will reveal the beauty of a flaming patriotism, the glory of service and sacrifice; it will help to save us from our lower natures, and give our better selves the inspiration to win the real victory of life.
Meanwhile, as we wait for the history, we congratulate ourselves that one of its most thrilling chapters is unrolled before our eyes today. On many an official occasion French officers of highest rank have declared that the American Field Service rendered such vital aid and always in such heroic and dependable fashion that its achievements would forever shine even in a story which abounded in glorious deeds.
At the very beginning of the war, a gift of ten Ford ambulances made it possible for the American Ambulance to take part in the transport service. But it was not until April, 1915, that the organization became definitely connected with the armies in the field. The broad extent of its operations will permit but brief description here.
From first to last 2365 entered the service as volunteers, and of these 1860 were college graduates or under-graduates. During the war, 120 died or were killed in active service as volunteers in the Field Service. An ambulance section when attached to a division became responsible for the entire transportation of the sick and wounded of the division. The American Field Service furnished all such service for sixty-three French Divisions. Of these volunteers 784 subsequently became officers of the United States Army; 150 entered the French army; 54 joined the British forces.
Field Service sections worked on practically every foot of the Western front and in the Balkans as well. At Verdun they toiled throughout the terrific attack of 1916 and 1917, through the burning, dust-choking summer, and the bitter, dreary winter. There many of the men gave their lives in the service. In Reims, while the city was crumbling under the blows of the Boche, the Field Service cars drove steadily through the shattered streets. There, too, your men died at their posts. When the retreat swept over Soissons your ambulances were among the last to leave before the inrush of the enemy, and when the French retook the city, your cars advanced with them joyously.
In the bitter retreat days on the Somme the Aisne and the Marne, your sections labored thoughtless of everything but service to the wounded. Some of your men were killed and captured in those bleak hours, and although your Sections lost supplies and equipment as the line staggered back, yet there was no hesitation in your steady evacuation of the wounded. Then when the tide turned and the Allies advanced to victory in Champagne, across the Aisne, through the Argonne, then, too, you rallied with them and carried the wounded over ever-lengthening stretches of impassable roads, for the hospitals could not move with the speed of the advance.
In the Vosges mountains, where previously, the only means of evacuating the wounded had been by means of slow plodding mules, three sections of your Field Service inaugurated automobile transport, accomplishing the impossible over roads considered impassable. In the distant Balkans, far from any American base, two of your sections served with the French Army of the Orient, working in Albania on roads never before travelled by motor-cars, and down into Greece, doing admirable work under hopeless conditions.
The work of the Camions in the Field Service deserves proud and grateful recognition. It was no task of secondary importance to transport from depots to the front all the supplies for trench-making, road-repairing and bridge-building; all the equipment for the divisions and all the food for the men; and in an emergency, to carry forward the troops themselves, when reserves had to be moved to a point of attack. Nor was this a monotonous, hum-drum task, when performed, as was often the case, under artillery fire.
The members of this congregation would be thrilled by the story of the recorded bravery of the Service, but the men who did the work would be uncomfortable if I quoted from the scores of citations. You felt that was all in the day's work, and you also felt that some of the most heroic deeds were unobserved and unrecorded. You will permit me to say that through men of this parish, in your Service, one of them a particularly close friend of mine, I shared your work in a very real fashion. Many of our parishioners gave ambulances, one of which bore the name of this church. By the way, the delivery of this car was delayed, so a temporary substitute was furnished, and this was soon smashed by shell-fire. I have a photograph of the St. Thomas's Church Ambulance, taken when it was finally equipped, and, looking bright and new, was dispatched on its errand of mercy. I have another photograph of the same car taken a few months later, and exhibiting many honorable scars and decorations.
A moment ago I spoke of sharing your work and of being profoundly impressed by your letters. One of your sections participated in some of the warm experiences of the Aisne Campaign in the Summer of 1917. Their poste de secours was at Vendresse on the Chemin des Dames. They evacuated their wounded at Longueval, and they slept, or tried to, at Villers-en-Prayères. They travelled many kilometers with their wounded on the Paissy road, and near Jumigny there was an S shaped turn which was exposed to the Boche artillery fire. Three thousand miles away I could see Vendresse and its three-storied dug-outs behind the hills; I could see Villers, and its bridge and its ever-present sugar-mill; but with particular clearness I saw the Paissy road and the turn near Jumigny, where later one of your gallant comrades gave his life. At that time I could not dream that a year later, from July to October of 1918, I should have the privilege of rendering some small service along most of the front from Ypres to Verdun.
Before your eyes in the parapet wall of the choir you will see a representation of the Cathedral of Reims. The stone of which the picture is made was shot out of the Cathedral by the Germans, and I was so fortunate as to find it there on August 31, 1918, but owe my good fortune to some of your men. Early that morning, I reached Ludes, a few kilometers from Reims, and from its height giving a fine view of the Cathedral city. One of your sections had headquarters in Ludes, and was commanded by a lieutenant from New York City, whose father was my friend. I will spare you the whole story---why it was not reckless to enter Reims with Fritz entrenched within the city limits; how I reached the Cathedral without seeing another living thing in Reims except one small party; of how I returned to Ludes in safety, full of gratitude for the experience, and of admiration for one of the most skilful drivers I have ever seen. But we owe this picture of Reims to your Service.
We have read your books, vivid and modest, with the keenest appreciation and pride. We are awaiting with happy anticipation the early publication of the three-volume history of the Service. We are interested, also, in your admirable purpose to establish one hundred and twenty American Field Service fellowships for French universities, to be named for your comrades who gave their lives in the Service, to give promising American college men the privilege of French culture and learning, and "to perpetuate" as one of your officers has well said, "among future generations of French and American youth, that mutual understanding and fraternal spirit which so completely characterized their relations in old Field Service days."
Will you, for a moment, consider some of the problems of our country---and the peculiar opportunity for the men of the Field Service to lead in the solution of these problems? Americanization is a comprehensive word, but it sufficiently suggests either a critical peril or a glorious opportunity, according to your temperament. But it calls for men of intelligence, sympathy and sacrificial patriotism, to teach and lead those who do not understand, and whom we have by neglect handed over to the misleading of enemies of law and order. You have been educated in college and in war; you know men; you are both sympathetic and just. It is a great thing to carry the wounded; it is even greater to prevent strife and to help brethren to be of one mind in one house.
The differences of Labor and Capital are acute. They occasion wide-spread suffering and threaten disaster. Who is right and who is wrong? Or to what extent is each right and each wrong? You are students, men, the tried soldiers of civilization. We need your thought, your judgment, your initiative.
Should there be a League of Nations, with reasonable reservations, properly safe-guarding American sovereignity? Should America share in an effort to minimize the danger of war? You are loyal Americans, with a world vision. Tell us plainly the judgment of the men of the Field Service.
During the war your ambulances carried more than half a million wounded men. Your camions carried more ammunition for the French army than was actually used by the entire American Expeditionary Force. Your spirit, your devotion, your demonstrated ability, fill our hearts with admiration, and impel us to ask you to "carry on" and to lead us in solving our country's problems. We can deeply sympathize with a verse of poem in your last Bulletin:
"Back to the life we used to know,
But somehow it isn't the same,
The sparkle's out of the wine o' life,
The zest is gone from the game.
The old-time yoke is on my neck,
I tug at the old-time load,
But my heart is back in a gray old town,
At the end of a hard, white road."
But one can't help indicating the strenuous battles of peace---may they all be battles of peace !---to be won in our own land. There is romance and adventure in the contest before us, for men who can see.
I think the comrades you salute today would say that to you. You are here to thank God for their friendship, their loyalty, their inspiring sacrifice. You are here to say to them that the memory of the old days is dear; that the facing of new perils and problems finds you ready for service; that you are going to help America to be loyal at home, and a world leader among the nations, as you know God meant her to be. And you will tell them, also, I think, that you feel that they are in the fight with you, and that you will go on together, as in the days of old, and win through. "Wherefore, seeing we are compassed about with so great a cloud of witnesses, let us lay aside every weight, and the sin that doth so easily beset us, and let us run with patience the race that is set before us."
O men of the, American Field Service, you have honored your country before the eyes of the world and you have written a glorious page in the history of civilization. Now write another imperishable page in your country's history. Help us, lead us if you will, in making America loyal and united at home; just and generous to all the world. In this high service may the, Beloved Captain bless and guide you!
Three volumes of from 550 to 600 pages each, with 150 pages of plates (of which 24 are in color) and three large colored maps.
The History is now on the press, and will be issued early in August.
In order that every member and benefactor of the Field Service may have a permanent record of its accomplishments in France, the Trustees of the Service have underwritten the cost of publication of this History. The price named ($12.50 per set, boxing and postage included) is considerably less than the current cost for books of this size, paper, and style. According to present publishers' and booksellers' terms, only 40 per cent of the selling price will be returned to the underwriters, and at the present cost of paper and printing, the price charged will scarcely return a sufficient sum to cover these costs for the edition of 3,000 sets which have been ordered.
Subscriptions will be filled in the order received, and it is doubtful whether any further copies will be printed after the edition of 3,000 sets is exhausted.
Already many orders have been received, and members of the Service are recommended to take warning, and send in their subscriptions without delay to the Houghton, Mifflin Co., 4 Park St., Boston, Mass.
The attached picture illustrates a rough model for a Field Service memorial, designed by Bruce Wilder Saville, T. M. U. 397, who, so far as is known, is the only sculptor member of the Service. Mr. Saville has made this maquette in his studio at 4 Harcourt St., Boston, with the idea that sometime the design might be developed and used for a memorial, either of some member of the Service or some group of members who gave their lives in the war. The memorial consists of a base and die, with figure and reliefs in bronze, and its intention is described by Mr. Saville as follows
"The female figure is symbolic of the Service. It will combine the spirit of helpfulness, sacrifice that others might conquer, bravery, heroism; in fact, all that the Service stood for. She stands easily and quietly, her head a bit to the left, and drooped just enough to endow her with a bit of the emotional and sensitive qualities, the wings of peace at her head denoting the end of a struggle. From hand to hand drapes the laurel of courage, heroism, and sacrifice, just touching two reliefs which give a bit of realism to the memorial. On the left, in relief, is shown the ambulance man, supporting a French wounded soldier, and on the right the camion driver. On the base could be placed inscriptions or mottoes, in French or English. The main figure was intended to be eight feet six inches in height. and the figures on the reliefs, six feet six inches."
A Paris branch of the Field Service Association is in process of organization of which the following officers have been selected:
|Elliott F. Shepard, Chairman||224 rue Rivoli, Paris|
|Lovering Hill, Secretary||44 rue Taitbout, Paris|
|Allan H. Muhr, Treasurer||65 Avenue Kléber, Paris|
|Edward L. Huffer, Bulletin Correspondent||18 rue Hamlin, Paris|
A temporary office has been located at 224 rue Rivoli, Paris, but it is hoped before the autumn that either a small building or apartment can be found, preferably in the Latin Quarter, which may be the headquarters for Field Service men and especially for incumbents of the Field Service Fellowships when in Paris.
It is intended to hold two annual dinners in Paris, one in the autumn when the Field Service fellows arrive and one in the spring when they graduate. These will be attended not only by all Field Service men, but also by the French officers and non-commissioned officers affiliated with the old Field Service sections, and also other Frenchmen of academic and civic distinction, who used to speak at the farewell banquets at 21 rue Raynouard, or who have helped the Service during the war, or men who have recently helped in the establishment of the Field Service Fellowship plan.
Every Field Service man now in France or who contemplates visiting France in the future should get in touch at once with the Field Service organization either through one or another of its officers.
On May 5, a Field Service banquet was held at the Hotel Continental in Paris, of which the following account appeared in the New York Herald (Paris Edition) of May 6.
"Members of the American Field Service, which rendered great assistance to the French and other Allied armies during the war, held their first annual reunion at the Hotel Continental in Paris last evening, under the presidency of Mr. Elliott F. Shepard, some twenty-five former members of the Service responding to the "get-together" call. The gathering last night was the foundation of what promises to be a closer alliance of all those who served with the organization during the war, and former members are urged to communicate without delay with Mr. Shepard at 224 rue de Rivoli.
"The American branch of the organization is holding a three-day session in New York this week, and will announce the success obtained in providing twenty-three scholarships for American students in French universities, thereby developing Franco-American amity. The American Field Service, which lost 125 of its members during the war, intends to continue its scholarship fund campaign until provision is made to send at least one student to a French university for every American whose life was sacrificed during the Great War. The first scholarships, Mr. Shepard stated, will become effective next fall.
"Among prominent Frenchmen who have signified their appreciation of the American Field Service's war efforts are M. Raymond Poincaré, M. Clemenceau, M. René Viviani and Captain Aujay, who proved a staunch friend of the American organization during its affiliation with the French army. Their messages were read last night amid applause. Letters of congratulation from Mr. W. K. Vanderbilt, Dr. W. L. Gros, of the American Hospital at Neuilly-sur- Seine, and Mrs. Anne Vanderbilt, who were unable to attend, were also read.
"Among those present at the reunion were Messrs. J. M. Walker, Allan H. Muhr, William S. Davenport,, Jr., Arthur E. Lumsden, Jr., Henry Spaulding, Dudley Hill, Gerald W. Pohlman, Frederick K. Abbott, Walter K. Varney, Edward Huffer, Powell Fenton, S. P. Bailey, William A. Pearl, Floyd Gibbons, Henry Wales, J. Morrison, and Lincoln Eyre."
John Adams Baker, T. M. U. 184, of Buffalo, New York, and Miss Maxine Eldridge of Washington, D. C.
William Dearborn Clark, S. S. U. 15, of San Francisco, California, and Miss Barbara Heywood Hall.
John Munroe, S. S. U. 3, of New York, and Miss Adelaide Sedgwick of New York.
Philip Hales Suter, S. S. U. 631, of Boston, Mass., and Miss Amy O. Bradley of Boston, Mass.
Roger Thayer Twitchell, S. S. U. 4, of Dorchester, Mass., and Miss Lucy Bowditch Balch of Jamaica Plain, Mass.
William H. C. Walker, S. S. U. 2, of Hingham, Mass., and Miss Helen F. Brewer of Hingham, Mass.
John Radford Abbott, S. S. U. 2, of Andover, Mass., and Miss Helen Maxwell of "Old Wharves," Duxbury, Mass., at St. John's Church, Duxbury, Mass., June 5, 1920.
Edwin Holmes Adriance, T. M. U. 133, of Ridgefield, Conn., and Miss Gertrude Johnston of Rochester, New York, June 26, 1920.
Junius Oliver Beebe, S. S. U. 30, of Wakefield, Mass., and Miss Alice Rita Milliken, at Milton, Mass., June 23, 1920.
Charles Addison Blackwell, S. S. U. 64, of Cleveland, Ohio, and Miss Katherine Barbour Rhodes at the Presbyterian Church, Sewickley, Penn., June 19, 1920.
Derick Lane Boardman, S. S. U. 8, of New York City and Miss Charlotte A. Throop, at Albany, N. Y., December 6, 1919.
John Edward Boit, S. S. U. 2, of Brookline, Mass., and Miss Marion Sprague of Chestnut Hill, at the Church of the Redeemer, Chestnut Hill, Mass., June 5, 1920.
Octave Henri Bourdon, S. S. U. 30, of Newton, Mass., and Miss Mary B. Curry, at Cambridge, Mass., June 23, 1920.
Frank Hamilton Boyd, S. S. U. 18, of Cleveland, Ohio, and Miss Esther Margrander, June 5, 1920, at Cleveland, Ohio.
Jackson Herr Boyd, S. S. U. 8, of Harrisburg, Pa., and Miss Harriet McCook of Tuxedo Park, New York, in New York City.
William Slocum Davenport, Jr., S. S. U. 9, of Paris, and Miss Margaret Caldwell at the Church of St. Pierre de Chaillot, Paris, France, July 6, 1920.
Dows Dunham, S. S. U. 12 and T. M. U. 184-609, of Irvingston-on-Hudson, New York, and Mrs. Eveline Spencer Thompson Sainsbury of Kensington, London, at the Royal Chapel, Savoy, London, England.
Lee Tourjee Estabrook, T. M. U. 397, of Auburndale, Mass., and Mlle. Audette Lalucq, of Meaux, France.
James Madison Fairbanks, T. M. U. 133, of South Acton, Mass., and Miss Marion Dickson Moody of Concord, Mass., April 10, 1920.
Guernsey Locke Frost, T. M. U. 184, of Belmont, Mass., and Miss Margery Metcalf Pierce, at Belmont, May 29, 1920.
Louis Phillips Hall, Jr., S. S. U. 3, Parc & Vosges Det., of Ann Arbor, Michigan, and Miss Hélène Iselin of Genêts, France (sister of Henry G. Iselin and Jean P. Iselin, S. S. U. 2), at Genêts, France.
John Holme Lambert, S. S. U. 8, of Mahwah, N. J., and Miss Hazel Miriam Jacobs, at the Church of the Advent, Boston, Mass., June 12, 1920.
Charles McIlvaine Kinsolving, S. S. U. 4 , of Sao Paulo, Brazil, and Miss Natalie Hogg of Pittsburgh, Pa., and New York, at Rio de Janeiro.
Earle Winship Lancaster, S. S. U. 638, of Boston, Mass., and Miss Kathryn F. Dwyer of Hartford, Conn., at Hartford, January 12, 1920.
Anthony Howard Manley, T. M. U. 526, of Holyoke, Mass., and Mlle. Olga Cassaigne, at St. Ferdinand Church, Paris, France, March 24, 1920.
Robert Lee Nourse, Jr., S. S. U. 67, of Boise, Idaho, and Miss Mildred Faris, June 30, at Boise, Idaho.
William Gorham Rice, Jr., S. S. U. 1-66, of Albany, N. Y., and Miss Rosamond Eliot of Cambridge, Mass., at Asticou, Me., June 29, 1.920.
Dominic William Rich, S. S. U. 15, of New York, and Miss Helen Elizabeth Gilbert, at Bolton, Mass., June 12, 1920.
Daniel Sargent, S. S. U. 3, of Boston, Mass., and Miss Louise B. Coolidge, of Boston, Mass., at Lausanne, Switzerland.
Oliver Harold Shoup, Jr., S. S. U. 28, of Colorado Springs, and Miss Miriam Perkins, at Colorado Springs, Colorado, June 24, 1920.
Harold Buckley Willis, S. S. U. 2, of Boston, Mass., and Miss Cornelia Horsford Fiske of Boston, Mass., at Boston, May 6, 1920.
A son, to Mr. and Mrs. William H. Woolverton, S. S. U. 1, on April 21, 1920.
A daughter, to Mr. and Mrs. Ralph S. Richmond, S. S. U. 15-30, on May 14, 1920.
A daughter, to Mr. and Mrs. Roswell Miller, T. M. U. 526, in June, 1920.
Thomas Harold Havey, T. M. U. 184, killed in aeroplane accident at Lynn, June 10, 1920.
Harold Holden Sayre, S. 9. U. 10, U. S. Aviation. Killed in action, near Conflans, France.
Ralph Wallace Stoeltzing, S. U. 66, in New York City, April 30, 1920.
Walter Dunne Gelshenen, T. M. U. 397, at the American Hospital at Neuilly, France, June 7, 1920.
Following is a list of Field Service men for whom we have no correct address. This office would appreciate receiving any information regarding the present address of any of them.
|Adams, Eustace L.||Lane, Travis P.|
|Ball, Lionel E.||Langfield, Alfred|
|Bowman, Robert||Leavitt, Russell|
|Buell, William Hart||LeTarte, Albert C.|
|Carson, James LeRoy||Lewis, James H.|
|Cory, Benjamin H.||McIntyre, Francis R.|
|Coughlin, Joseph A.||McCreedy, Charles E.|
|Corley, Edmond Joseph||Munroe, John C.|
|Coan, Raymond C.||Nelson, Henry W.|
|Cody, William C.||Newcomb, Frank S. L.|
|Crooks, Jackson B.||O'Neill, James A.|
|Curtis, Willard L.||Paradise, Robert C.|
|Dell, William S.||Reid, Hugh Houston|
|Elliott, Chester A.||Resor, William E.|
|Etter, Benjamin F.||Roney, William L.|
|Fogle, Charles B.||Ryan, Dolph F.|
|Fraser, William S.||Smith, Thomas J.|
|Guthrie, Ramon H.||Slidell, Wm. J.|
|Haviland, Willis B.||Spalding, James F.|
|Hill, Ralph B.||Strong, Otis I.|
|Hoffman, Philip H.||Swain, Earl F.|
|Houghton, John R.||Tallmadge, Chester L.|
|Hoyt, Anson P. S.||Talmage, Frank M.|
|Honens, Wm. H.||White, James M.|
|Humphreys, Walter||White, Valmah S.|
|Johnson, Herbert S.||Whitman, Alfred M.|
|Kenan, Dr. Owen||Wilson, Thomas F.|
|Keefer, Earl D.||Woolverton, John H.|
|Kloeber, Robert||Young, Walter LeRoy|
According to our constitution "any American who served as a volunteer with the French Army shall be eligible for associate membership, if approved by the Executive Committee." Field Service men are invited to propose for associate membership any such volunteers. Such proposals should be accompanied by a letter of recommendation and forwarded to the secretary to be passed on by the Executive Committee. It will be presumed that when such proposals are submitted that the man proposed has been approached and that he is desirous of joining our association. As soon as the Executive Committee passes on a proposed associate member, notice will be sent to him of his election, together with bill for dues ($5.00). Americans who were in other ambulance units with the French Army, in the French Aviation Service, the Foreign Legion, or other branches of the French Army, we are very desirous to count among our members, provided of course, that they were bona fide volunteers and left in good standing the particular service they were connected with. We hope that you will take pains to approach eligible men of your acquaintance and give them the opportunity of becoming members of this Association.