THE

AMERICAN RED CROSS
IN THE GREAT WAR

BY

HENRY P. DAVISON
CHAIRMAN OF THE WAR COUNCIL
OF THE AMERICAN RED CROSS

NATIONAL HEADQUARTERS OF THE AMERICAN RED CROSS
New York

THE MACMILLAN COMPANY
1919

Dedicated

TO
THE MILLIONS OF WOMEN
CHILDREN AND MEN
WHO
THROUGH
THE AMERICAN RED CROSS
WORKED AND SACRIFICED
THAT THE MISERY OF
WAR MIGHT BE
ALLEVIATED
FOREWORD

 

IT is the effort of this book to set forth the scope, character and effect of the work of the American Red Cross during the Great War. When the war closed more than thirty million Americans were enrolled in the organization. Some of these were in foreign fields; most of them were at home. But, in one way or another, they were all helping. All of them working together made up the American Red Cross.

Stories of special sacrifice or devotion cannot be given here and yet few organizations have so closely touched the great currents of human life. Detailed narratives will accordingly follow this book. I have sought here to summarize the work of the thirty millions as a whole. To characterize the Red Cross work of any man or woman. or to attempt to describe it with any regard to proper perspective, would be invidious if not impossible. I have therefore omitted the mention of names. The highest satisfaction any worker in the Red Cross can derive from his work is from the fact that the work itself was well done.

The files of the War Council have been freely drawn upon in the preparation of this book. And I want to make special acknowledgment to every member of the force at headquarters, and to the special correspondents and staffs of our foreign commissions, who seemingly have vied with one another in supplying me, either orally or in writing, with material without which the scope of this book could not be what it is. Indeed it may accurately be said that the book itself is a product of the American Red Cross.

H. P. DAVISON.
NEW YORK
September 20, 1919.

 

CONTENTS

PART I

I. WHEN THE STORM BURST
II. MASSING THE FORCES OF MERCY
III. THE COMRADESHIP---DIVISIONS AND CHAPTERS
IV. WORK FOR THE SOLDIER AT HOME .
V. THE NAVY
VI. HOME SERVICE
VII. SOLDIERS OF THE CROSS
VIII. MOBILIZING THE CHILDREN
IX. SUPPLIES AND TRANSPORTATION
X. THE DISABLED SOLDIER

PART II

XI. ON THE BATTLEFRONT
XII. "BACKING UP THE FRENCH"
XIII. THE CHILDREN OF FRANCE
XIV. SWITZERLAND THE CENTRAL STATION
XV. BELGIUM
XVI. THE STORY OF ITALY
XVII. GREAT BRITAIN
XVIII. RUMANIA
XIX. THE TRAGEDY OF THE EAST
XX. RUSSIA
XXI. THE LEAGUE OF RED CROSS SOCIETIES
XXII. APPENDIX

ILLUSTRATIONS


Chapter One