The Story of a Gift

CHECK FOR $50.00 is ENCLOSED AS A VERY humble contribution toward the furtherance of the AFSIS program on behalf of the students of Satsang (Bihar, India). The story behind it is this: On receipt of the AFS Newsletter for September recently . . . I was describing to Thakur and some others who were sitting with him the activities of the student program of the AFS. When I explained that the means of attaining the increasing understanding amongst various peoples of the world which the AFS aims at had taken the form of exchange of students, Thakur grew very enthusiastic and reiterated . . . his conviction that one basic aspect in any deepening understanding between nations --- particularly those with different cultural backgrounds --- will depend upon very close personal relations that may enable apparently different peoples to understand that their basic desires are common, their objectives are similar and feelings are identical---despite the seeming gulf in customs and habits. And further that this method of working through students was the most ideal.

Well, as is usually the case with Thakur's enthusiasm for a cause, it is quickly turned into action. And as is also usually the case, the action takes the form of inspiring others to share materially in the cause . . . The result was that I found myself explaining to the students here in the community of Satsang the cause of AFSIS. The result was a collection of something more than 200/- rupees for the cause. Though the amount is small as compared with the needs, yet when it is realized that it has been secured from people who live on a monthly budget of $5.00, then some idea of the degree of interest and enthusiasm for this cause of mutual understanding may be realized. These refugee students upon hearing the story grew enthusiastic, asked a lot of questions, and, when the proposal was placed before them to signify their interest practically, they reached in their pockets and 1/4, 1/2, 1, 2, and 4 anna pieces began coming forward. Ultimately, with the help of some of the parents, the amount went up to $50.00. If, as some savants claim, sacrifice has a value in itself, then perhaps it may be that this $50.00 has a value far exceeding the actual amount. ---RAY HAUSERMAN (IB 1)

 

PERMANENT RESERVE FUND

During the winter, 224 members of AFS---101 from WW I and 123 from WW II---contributed a total of $7,814.92 to an unrestricted permanent reserve fund.

These contributions were received in reply to a letter to the members from a committee appointed to carry through on the recommendations made at the Annual Meeting in June 1955 that AFS consider itself a permanent organization for which there will always be a purpose. Although the current scholarship program carries itself, should that program be discontinued and AFS wish to undertake another, funds would be needed. The committee was made up of Neil Gilliam, Art Howe, Charlie Kinsolving, Fred Hoeing, and Steve Galatti. In general, members of the AFS who had given regularly in the recent past were not approached, and no follow-up letters of any type were sent out.

The committee wishes to express its deep appreciation to all those who helped in this effort.

 

Yale Honors

STEPHEN GALATTI: "With heart and mind you have served the cause of international understanding. In war you directed our volunteer ambulance drivers; in peace you have worked with vision in promoting the overseas exchange of students. Recognizing these services as primary contributions to world peace, Yale is happy to confer upon you the degree of Master of Arts."

AMOS NIVEN WILDER (SSU 2-3) : "Hollis Professor of Divinity at Harvard. Pastor, scholar, teacher, poet, and critic---each of your dedications has enriched the others. To scholarship you have brought an understanding of the questions which modern man puts to the life of Christ. As a critic---being yourself a poet---you have clarified the spiritual urgency that informs the outstanding poetry of our time. Your Alma Mater---which has already conferred on you 3 degrees---now confers upon you the degree of Doctor of Divinity."

And on the same day, writes HARMON C. RORISON (CM 54. FR 8-T), "my daughter Mary Ann was awarded her Master of Arts degree and her brand-new husband, Peter Caws, the degree of Doctor of Philosophy." June 11, 1956, was a great day.

 

NOTES FROM THE DIRECTOR GENERAL

REPORT FOR THE YEAR 1955-56

The activities of the AFS rose to new peacetime heights during the year 1955-56. The student program kept the momentum of the preceding year, and we were able to place 654 boys and girls from 24 countries---an increase of 30%. Especially encouraging were the new areas brought into the program. Important factors leading to this increase were the invitations to speak at the National Assembly of High School Student Councils and at the Atlantic City meeting of High School Principals, with excellent local coverage in newspapers, radio, and television, as well as the numerous speaking engagements of our foreign students and American returnees.

The American summer program showed also a proportionate increase, as 605 were sent over to live in homes abroad in 1955. Again they were received officially in many places, and press coverage came into evidence.

The most important change of the year was the withdrawal of State Department grants for German students and the taking over of the teenage program by AFS as a private organization. This was done smoothly because of the German school system's confidence in our German representatives and because of the stability and strength of the AFS. This change had always been in the books, the U.S. Government having been anxious to provide the momentum for private agencies in this field but preferring to have them ultimately take over.

The Government has not entirely abandoned its support. There are still small grants for Austrian and South American students and, more important, a grant for administrative purposes abroad. In addition, the State Department's announced policy to Embassies and Consulates abroad is to place all possible facilities at the disposal of the AFS.

Highlights of the year were President Eisenhower's reception of two bus loads of students, before whom he made a speech to the nation which was televised, radioed, and put on the news wire; the reception by the President of Germany of a group of American students; and Miss Willis' reception at the Embassy in Switzerland.

The year has also brought increased interest in the activities of the AFS veterans. Visits to these HQ have become more frequent, and hardly a day passes without one. They come from everywhere, as AFSers should, and so the world comes to 30th Street. A glance at the guest book (in which not only AFSers, but also officials, parents of the students, and many others sign) shows that every country seems to cover its pages.

Fine gifts have come to adorn the walls: Mementoes of World War I and World War II; gifts from students from many countries; and, last but not least, more photographs add their atmosphere to a Service which deals with people.

Our financial position has been greatly strengthened. Special gifts came in from many of you, strengthening our reserves. The student program, with a budget running into $750,000.00, is also of interest because of the source of the money: it comes from service clubs, Rotary, Lions, American Legion, local labor unions, church groups, corporations, and individuals in amounts ranging from $1 to $650. And, as a new development, money comes from the high school kids, who raise it in their inimitable fashion by work days, doughnut days, tag days, and what not.

Our needs, beside a reserve fund, include a new clubhouse: we have overrun the cellar, the basement, and the clubrooms, and we must move. But that is a good sign, and I hope we may before the next meeting. More needs are mementoes from your attics to make this an interesting, informal museum of two world wars, your books when you publish them, your visits here, and your interest and support.

What has been done has been done that way. In Oregon, in San Francisco, in Los Angeles, in Atlanta, in Michigan, in Maine, in Iowa, and in Salt Lake City---in innumerable towns AFS members have given their time, their position, their intelligence in bringing us to where we are. Still: no small town is too far to have a student, no one of your friends is too poor to ask to make a donation, and no corporation should be uninterested.

This covers in a general way the AFS of 1955-56. It doesn't cover the devotion of a staff which sets no limits to its hours and whose ability is without compare. It doesn't cover a Chairman and Directors and an Executive Committee who not only come to their meetings regularly but who give real advice and bring in their connections to help the AFS in every direction.

So it has been a good year.

 

THE CHRISTMAS HOLIDAYS

Many friends in and out all the time, of course, and never more welcome than during the holidays. Tom MEANS (TMU 526) drifting in with his cheerful goodwill and reminiscing about the days at Meaux; thinking of WW II, when he served as AFS recruiter in Maine, he stated that he never produced a failure for us, though he might possibly have turned down some good men. Luke KINSOLVING (ME 23), now an accomplished Arabist, stopped in on his way back to the Middle East, first stop Beirut. Henry Ross (CM 45), who chaperoned AFS students last summer, in from Princeton. And Jerry B0WEN (CM 67), getting a vacation from his charges at Hotchkiss, in town to celebrate the New Year.

Enos CURTIN (SSU 2) and Ed MASBACK (ME 37) and their wives at the Christmas party for the students in the area, along with Gurnee BARRETT (SSU 32). They have helped guide AFS this past year by their regular attendance and advice at the Executive Committee meetings.

The benefit hockey game at Madison Square Garden (St. Marks vs. Hill School) during that week is a regular occurrence. Steve ROWAN and 12 AFS girls (summer exchangees) extracted $258.00 for AFS from the sale of programs. The leading player was Chris SPANGBERG, AFS exchange student from Sweden this year.

And so many thanks to all of you for your Christmas cards. Over 1,100---including a wire from Bill WALLACE---were received here from you and from former and present students. Two former students sent a post card from the Libyan desert; they were on a bicycle trip across North Africa, sleeping in tents (why not such an expedition as a reunion for AFS WW II?). Attached to festoons of ribbon, all these cards made the gayest decorations possible---with the $64,000.00 prize to the card from Carl and Elinor ZEIGLER.

 

WANDERINGS

Barcelona: On entering America House in Barcelona, found the recommended reading feature was The Age of Mountaineering by James Ramsey ULLMAN (ME 9).

Charlotte: Lunched with Francis BEATTY at Charlotte Country Club and with a great part of his family. Talked about Virgil LEWIS, Bobby GOOCH, Merrill DENISON, Bill WALLACE, Don MOFFAT (all SSU 4), and Francis' nephew, who may represent the U.S. on the Olympic two-mile team.

Chicago: William P. FAY (SSU 2) met me in Chicago, and when we talked about souvenirs in the Clubhouse he almost exploded. He told me the story of ROEDER'S having borrowed his Luger collection and exhibited them at Coney Island at 20¢ admission. Unfortunately Roeder went broke and Fay believes his souvenirs are lying in some hidden and forgotten vault.

Copenhagen: Walked into the U.S. Embassy and saw there the large sculpture of an American eagle---by whom? Pierre BOURDELLE (ME 32). Missed Fred MILAN (IB 43) by a few hours, according to a note left at the hotel; bad liaison work on my part.

Detroit: General meeting for the student program, and a delight to have present Frazier CLARK (SSU 15), principal of "the finest high school in the country"---certainly no one more qualified to run it; Norman PETERS (IB 1), full of interest; Kenneth WHITE (SSU 4), starting his own committee in Grosse Ile and my missing dinner with him because plane schedules are so inelastic; and of course Carl HANNA (CM 90), who runs the show. All of us surrounded by 29 teen-agers made a most effective presentation of the program.

Los Angeles: When on November 7, 181 representatives of committees in lower California met at dinner to discuss their experiences in furthering the program, one began to realize the phenomenal job that Llew HOWELL (SSU 2) has accomplished in two years. Backed to the hilt by Harry DUNN (SSU 8), Llew took over when there was one student between Santa Barbara and San Diego. In his first year he jumped the number to 14, and then to 54 for this year. He talks of 70 for 1956-57.

He has done this by first obtaining the backing of the school and then getting the confidence and support of the community, so that he leaves behind him a perfect working organization in each school district.

Meeting Gerald Lee COCKS (IB 57) at this dinner, I found him completely overwhelmed at the extent of AFS, and I shared with him the admiration of the extraordinary ability and sincerity of purpose by which Llew Howell has made the AFS a very important factor on the coast.

Minneapolis: A below-zero mid-western trip, but nothing warmer or more pleasant that talking to Ed PHELPS (SSU 70) and David J. WINTON (SSU 67) at luncheon at the Minneapolis Club and knowing of their interest in the program. Later that evening, dinner at the Jack PEMBERTON'S (ME 1, IB-T) in Rochester---still below zero but not so their cordiality.

New Haven: So wonderful to see George VAN SANTVOORD (SSU 3), now retired and living in Vermont but a trustee of Yale. It was he who gave the impetus to the teen-age program by advocating this as the best age group to work with. Amos N. WILDER (SSU 2), teaching at Harvard Divinity School, given an honorary degree as Doctor of Divinity. Arthur and Mrs. HOWE, Dunny HINRICHS, and A. Burton STREET (TMU 184) ---who had been lost but is now found.

Paris: What fun to go to Julian ALLEN'S cocktail party for AFS in Paris on a rainy April day: to see again William DAVENPORT (SSU 9) and Ed DE NEVEU (SSU 3), who were already Parisians before WW I; and Harold KINGSLAND (SSU 1), one of the very first volunteers in 1914; cheerful lawyer Anthony MANLEY (TMU 526); and D. MACALLISTER (HQ), who brought news of Webby (H. A. WEBSTER---HQ, SSU 2), who is recuperating from an illness; and for you of SSU 4, Dr. Robert GAUILLARD of the French personnel, who wanted to know all about all of you. Baron de TURKHEIM sent a message; he was unfortunately ill. And Seymour WELLER (SSU 70) sent a message that he, too, could not come.

There were not only the old units, such as Horton KENNEDY (TMU 526) and Parker VAN ZANDT (TMU 133) with their active jobs, but a new crop of Parisian AFSers: Warren FUGITT (ME 32, FR 1, Jon THORESON (FR 40), Phil MAYER (FR 3), Wendell NICHOLS (ME 1), William CARTER (IB 60), and our indefatigable secretary, Mac LONG (ME 36)---and guess who! Mme GRIMBERT, full of spirit.

Arrangements have been completed by Julian ALLEN to have a bronze plaque placed at 21 rue Raynouard. All the legal red tape is over, Don MOFFAT (SSU 4) has composed the text, and so from now on do stop and take a look.

French Lt. DE RODE, who took SSU 3 to the Orient and who had previously been with them at Verdun in 1915, died suddenly in Paris in early April of this year. Julian Allen had seen a great deal of him and reported that up to then, in spite of his advanced age, he had remained as keen and effective as when we all knew him.

AFS seems to be everywhere these days. On the way back from Paris a most enjoyable whiling away of 8 extra flying hours with Herman SARTORIUS (HQ), who thinks nothing of 6 trips a year to Europe.

Phoenix: A pleasant episode was, at a dinner meeting of the Phoenix Scholarships committee, finding myself between Bishop Tuy KINSOLVING (SSU 4) and his wife. Those of you who haven't seen him recently can visualize him just as you knew him---tall, with no extra pounds, and that black hair and fine voice. Just to see him is good, but when you start talking to him it is even better---and talk was, of course, of Section 4.

Princeton: A luncheon meeting at the Nassau Club, Princeton; John WHITTON (TMU 133) in charge. Among those there were William GILMORE (SSU 2), Sam FRANTZ (SSU 8), Bill EDWARDS (ME 24), and Professor Gilbert CHINARD of World "War I fame (liaison between the French ministry and AFS at the time). The latter gave me photographs of the AFS ambulance shipped back from Bordeaux on the Chicago for publicity in the States. He reminded me of the dinner he gave me at the Faisan d'Or in Bordeaux, saying he had been told to give me the best dinner in France---and it was. Later, of course, he became a great friend of the California Unit.

St. Paul: A very nice gentleman who is taking one of our students into his home told me he roomed with Andy GEER (ME 1) in college. He also stated that he met him one wet night fixing the cables on the bridge in San Francisco---the start of the trip that gave him the inspiration for his great novel.

Salt Lake City: A good story from Salt Lake City, where Bartlett WICKS (SSU 67), in his capacity of Chairman of AFSIS, lost two girl students after an organ concert in the Tabernacle. He rushed over and found the organ playing and the lights on---but everything locked. Finally he found the head of the Tabernacle attending a meeting, explained the situation, and was given the keys to the Tabernacle. He claims this to be the only time in history that this has happened---adding that only AFS makes things like that possible.

Shreveport: A visit to Shreveport-and such hospitality from Ray WILLIAMS (SSU 12) and Selden SENTER (SSU 10) and good to see Ed PELHAM (TMU 184)---all three of course active in having Shreveport an AFS student center and working hard towards that.

Ray, as many will remember, was one of our great runners, and his 440-yard record still stands in Wisconsin (he would have made the Olympics if war hadn't interfered). He has a wonderful set of SSU 12 photographs. Selden SENTER, a wholesale liquor dealer, still thinks Henry SUCKLEY, Gerard GIGNOUX, and Joe RICHARDSON were the finest people he has known. I asked him how a Texan joined AFS and he said he was at MIT and walked down a street in Boston, saw an AFS poster, walked in, signed up, and went. Ed Pelham an engraver and glad to get AFS news.

Tucson: In all my wanderings, never more delighted than meeting at a cocktail party Dennie HUNT (ME, 38), Ed DIEMER (SSU 2) and wife, Bill SCHWAB (ME 4, IB 10) and wife, Ray HANKS (TMU 133) and wife, Gibson HAZARD (CM 81) and wife, Jim SPONAGLE (SSU 2) and wife, Bill HANNAH (ME 26, FR 1) and wife, Don HANNAN (IB 41) and wife, and Bill TAYLOR (ME 37), Warren KRAFT ( ME 28), and Red FOWLER (TMU 184, ME 26). I just missed Waldo PEIRCE (SSU 3), who was in Europe, and John BARTON (CM 90) and wife, who were back in Connecticut. What an AFS stronghold! Dennie Hunt has a Sangro River story that is most unusual, and he claims it's never been told. Certainly, as he told it, it is a great chapter in AFS history.

Voyage's delights: Pleasant incidents in a single trip---driving with Bunny WICKS (SSU 27), two stops and two parking tickets, the Salt Lake City policewoman would not respect our Monocan Consul; luncheon out in the garden with Harry DUNN (SSU 8) and Llew and Florence HOWELL (SSU 2) after the snow and ice of Minnesota; looking out over the San Francisco bay from the house of Hugh and Margaret KELLEHER (SSU 3) and Harold PETERS (SSU 67) dropping in---all in a couple of days of work---and some people think it's hard work.

 

A TYPICAL DAY

AFS House is a busy place. Take, for example, the hours from two to four on the afternoon of 23 February. The first visitor was Mr. W. Earl Brown, superintendent of schools in Redondo Beach, Calif. He just wanted to see us because of his enthusiasm for the program, which is strong in his area. He will visit Spain this summer to see a kid who was in his school.

Then we had a visit from Mr. Jome Ryselin from Finland. His daughter was here as an AFS student in 1951. He had come over for meetings with copper companies but just had to find a moment to drop and say "hello."

Then Mr. and Mrs. LeRoy KRUSI (TMU 133), the California unit from WW I which has held together so well. They were in town for theatre and business meetings and brought lots of news of AFS in San Francisco. Very complimentary about the student program and what it is doing out there.

At the same time, Sam BIRD (CM 90) was in to discuss with George Rock the binding for the History, offering his advice and, of course, his product.---All this in only a quarter of the day. The world really comes to AFS House.

 

NOTES

John BAYLOR (CM 86) was awarded the Junior Chamber key for outstanding service in Lincoln. Nebraska, for his work on the AFS student program.

Recommend your walking into the Texas Company office, Park Avenue and Fiftieth Street, where you will see a grid mural of the U.S. in hammered brass by Pierre BOURDELLE (ME 32).

Frank BOYD (SSU 18) writes that he vent to Verdun and revisited Bras and Vacherauville and the forts and that he found the hotel at Verdun the best he stopped at in France. He also visited Louis Sicard's chateau near Marseilles. M. Sicard was a Frenchman attached to SSU 18.

Guy CALDEN (TMU 133) wrote in October that "we had 5 AFS students at our Rotary meeting recently. I introduced them and they all did a splendid job---sort of a 'tear-jerker.' The boy from Italy, Bruno Franchiotti, the girl from Germany, Giesa Tiess, were very good, likewise our three locals---Valorie Hallor, Joan Perry, and Paul Trent. They really thrilled our group. I'm glad to affiliate with such a group." He now serves on the Executive Committee of AFSIS in Santa Barbara.

Thomas G. CASSADY (SSU 13) writes: "While in Paris. just for old times' sake, I walked out to Rue Raynouard and went into Les Tourelles to have an aperitif---where I had my first just forty years ago."

If you are wandering around, you will surely see a 17-year-old kid carrying a bag with a round AFS label---the eagle on a circle of gold bordered with the red, white, and blue of the AFS ribbon. These were designed and are given yearly by Art CROTHERS (CM 52).

A good visit from Ted CURTIS (SSU 15), who, when seeing Field Marshal Alexander's gift of the Union Jack, remembered his own meeting and friendship in the Baltic states in 1919, when Colonel Alexander was leading a campaign against the Bolsheviks and Ted was running the troop train consisting of a few flat cars and some 3 or 4 guns.

Jack CUTLER (FR 40) and his wife came by for a visit. They are running the student program for us in Stamford, Conn., and most successfully.

Wandered in to dinner with these three: Louise WILLIAMS, Rosette FORD, and Peaches IRVING. Now all have new names and many children, but the talk went back to 60 Beaver Street and the many who came and went. Certainly the "Knight in Gilded Armor" was Matt DICK---but there were good memories of all the lesser knights.

Among the recent visitors, Harry DUNN (SSU 8). chairman of AFS in southern California, on a very busy legal trip to New York, and Wes FENHAGEN (CM 41), our co-chairman in Baltimore. And while on a trip to Lansdowne, Pa., seeing W. B. BYERS (SSU 65). whose address we lost but who had been among those to vote emphatically for the student program when it was started in 1946.

William P. FAY (SSU 2) has agreed to take over as AFS scholarships representative in the North Chicago area---Wilmette, Lake Forest Winetka, etc., etc., and will form local committees. He retired from General Foods some time ago and has devoted much of his time (or rather very full time) to the baseball league for boys in the Chicago area and done a wonderful job.

Many will be glad to hear that Chas GRANT (TMU 133) has recovered completely from his long illness. See below for news of the TMU 133 volume he prepared during his recuperation---a magnificent and monumental job.

John C. HARKNESS (CM 41) has taken over as AFSIS chairman in Lexington, Mass.

George HOLTON (ME 23) still taking pictures for AFS---most recently as official photographer for the Summer Program. Taking a picture of one of our students in the Athens museum, he looked up to see Rogers SCUDDER (ME 32), a master at Brooks School, there to brush up on his Classics. At the airport the next day, George ran into Bill CONGDON (ME 20), adding the beauty of Greek color to his ever-widening range.

Mrs. Walter JEPSON will have a free trip to Europe with Walter (SSU 9)---having won a round-trip flight at the raffle run by the Washington Committee in conjunction with the annual boat-ride on the Potomac.

A visit from Norman KANN (SSU 12), in from Detroit and anxious to see the Clubhouse and get news of his section. I told him I had seen Julien BRYAN and Ray WILLIAMS lately.

Dr. Leon Leva, of Ougree, Belgium, whose daughter is an AFS exchange student this year, has sent us the pages from l'Illustration of 14 April 1917 with a reproduction of the AFS diploma and a photograph of a section celebrating the U.S. entry into the war. And so the pattern of the two programs becomes more and more one.

Malcolm LONG (ME 36) in from Paris on a vacation from his law work there. While here he read the proofs of the History and said he thought it well worth his $10. Since his return to Paris, he has brought our addresses up to date for France, no small job.

John MCMASTER (IB 55) stopped by on his way to London, where he will study at the University for the next three years.

Clarence V. S. MITCHELL (Norton-Harjes, AFS Executive Committee and Legal Adviser in WW II) sends a postcard from Blérancourt and says: "They've done a good job and the AFS shows up very well. 'Amitiés.'"

Paul MORRIS (ME 37) wires the following: "The greatest service to be performed for our country lies in waging a permanent peace, most logically through renewed effort to develop fully the potentialities of the United Nations. 1f circumstances such as those that have twice provided the AFS with the opportunity to work actively in the field should recur, it would be impossible for the United States to survive without waging total war to the exclusion of any voluntary service. Without total conscription our economy would collapse. The service for the AFS to perform now is to contribute its individual minds to the struggle for eliminating forever the act of war."

Some months ago Dick NELSON (CM 60) stopped in on his way between Bogota, Colombia, and Milwaukee. Now in July he has brought his father to see the house---and us and to give us the address of Richard SINCLAIR (SM 88), who had been lost.

C. Beach POWELL (ME 16) is now chairman of the AFS committee in Hartford. On his committee are also Barclay ROBINSON (SSU 67) as treasurer and Jack RIEGE (CM 56).

Ed SECCOMBE (SSU 2), in town to do the theatres, talked about the fine reunion. He said he had run across Miss Carolyn Wilson, correspondent in France during WW I, who remembered AFS very well. We talked about Gailor, Willis, Andrew, and many others.

No need to go farther than the airport, which is where I met Bill TAUSIG (ME 4) who I hadn't seen since the days between his leaving AFS and joining the army, when he did a lot of work at 60 Beaver Street. Now a top security-research man.

C. A. WEEKES (FR 40) in town with his many, many sons for the last World Series, and again on business in the spring. He plans to build a motel beside his cabins at Twin Mountains, N.H., and wants an AFS reunion there.

Bill WHEELER (CM 76) writes that he will he in Madison, Wisc., for the next year and offers to help with the scholarship program there. I hope AFSers will serve on local committees whenever they want to. Just write and ask us for the names.

A very delightful visit this May from Reggie WILLIAMS (whom you will all remember was the Assistant British Military Attaché during the Second War and who spent most of this time on AFS). He is now assistant Director of Condé Nast publications in London and also represents the AFS scholarship program there.

Robert G. YOUNG (SSU 15) dropped in to say he was dining with WOOLF and Hazelton BROWN of his section, whom he hadn't seen since France in 1917. The 1955 reunion came at a bad time for him, but he plans to have a Section reunion sometime this year in New York and gave us some addresses we didn't have, for which we are always grateful.

---STEPHEN GALATTI

 

FLOWERS

Remember: If you buy your flowers at Constance Spry. 322 Park Avenue (at 50th Street), and mention AFS, we get a nice commission which goes into a special reserve fund. It's the same cost for you and yet it helps AFS.

 

BUSINESS MEETINGS

As a result of the votes cast for the members of the Board of Directors at the Annual Meeting of Members on 19 May 1956 and action taken at the Annual Meeting of the Board of Directors on 6 June 1956, the following members will hold the posts indicated.

BOARD OF DIRECTORS

To serve to May 1957

to May 1958

to May 1959
Julian L. B. Allen G. H. Barrett Enos Curtin
Ward B. Chamberlin, Jr. Colgate W. Darden Harry L. Dunn
Donald Q. Coster C. William Edwards Wm. Barclay Parsons
Stephen Galatti Arthur Howe, Jr. Reginald B. Taylor
Hugh J. Kelleher Charles M. Kinsolving Edward A. Weeks, Jr
Benjamin Strong Ellis D. Slater Lee Blair Wood

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE, 1956-57

G. H. Barrett Frederick W. Hoeing
Ward B. Chamberlin, Jr. Charles M. Kinsolving
Donald Q. Coster Edwin R. Masback, Jr.
Enos Curtin Wm. Barclay Parsons
Stephen Galatti Oliver Wadsworth

OFFICERS, 1956-57

Enos Curtin---Chairman of the Board of Directors
Stephen Galatti---Director General
C. William Edwards---Vice-President
Frederick W. Hoeing---Vice-President
Arthur Howe, Jr.---Vice-President
Oliver Wadsworth---Treasurer
Edwin R. Masback, Jr.---Secretary
George Rock---Assistant Secretary

EXPANSION OF THE SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAMS

At the Annual Meeting of the Board of Directors, Mr. Galatti pointed out that the programs were increasing in size but not with the rapidity which would be possible if additional funds were available. He felt sure that these funds could be obtained from foundations and corporations but before an effort was made in this direction he asked for the judgment of the Directors as to whether the program should be expanded. He predicted that instead of the 750 foreign students expected for 1956-57 with extra effort and additional money there could easily be a program of 3,000 foreign students. After a lengthy discussion of the problems involved, it was the sense of the meeting that the program should be substantially increased and that a committee should be appointed to study all aspects of the expansion of the program.

 

NEWSBRIEFS

Jack ATTWOOD (ME 24) in to inquire about an address and gave us his, which we hadn't had. Told the details of the great cache of "blood plasma" he and Herb Drake found in Tripoli---more in the line of medical comforts---so gave him his medals.

Carroll AUMENT (ME 37), whose studio is near by, told of taking time out from painting to do some photography and a trip to Tucson, where he saw Denny HUNT (ME 38). They drove out to see Denny's new wheat farm in Mexico and brought back some grand color pictures and a copy of Jock COBB's picture of Pollutri with everyone playing cards. Denny talked of his accident and even had with him the map he was carrying at the time . . . . Later, in December, a remarkable article by Carroll in Everywoman's about the artist Mary Bruce Sharon entitled "I'm Crazy About m Mother-in-Law."

Charlie BAIRD (SSU 3) writes: "We have been several years getting an old brick house restored fittin' for living in. We are in sight of the Rappahannock River . . . . Richmond is only 40 miles away. . . For any of our friends who know the ins and outs of road maps and are using #301 and #17 ( U.S. Routes) south, Dunnsville is on #17 about 7 miles south of Tappahannock, Va., so is not hard to find. . . Received a Christmas card from Waldo PEIRCE at Tucson, Arizona. He apologized for 'saying it with cactus,' but it was a real colorful off-hand bit of cactus drawn on the card."

Frank BEATTY (SSU 4) up to New York in May to be decorated by Mayor Wagner for his outstanding work and was much written about in the papers.

William J. BINGHAM (SSU 30), from June 1955 director of the International Co-operation Administration at Djakarta, completed his tour of duty and returned home this March.

Al BRITTON (ME 32, FR 1) offers assistance to those with real-estate problems in the Scarsdale area.

Clifford E. BROWN (IB 60) sends good words about the scholarship programs and adds that he is now studying for the Roman Catholic priesthood with the Jesuit Order in St. Louis.

Conrad BROWN (ME 37) sends a copy of the very handsome Craft Horizons) of which he is editor: lavish with pictures, and a sensible text.

Julien BRYAN (SSU 12) has passed on a letter from M. Louis Chauveau, with whose family his son will spend the summer as an AFS exchange student, telling of an extraordinary coincidence: "J'ai été frappé de la coïncidence qui fait que ce soit en Argonne que vous ayez apporte à l'Américan Field Service votre concours si touchant et si dévoué pour un jeune homme de 17 ans. C'est en effet en Argonne aussi que j'ai été envoyé au début de la dernière guerre, tout près de Dombasles dans un petit village que vous avez peut-être connu, Chatel-Chéhéry, non loin du si grandiose et si émouvant cimetière américain de Montfaucon."

John Candler COBB (ME 26) in August will leave the Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, where he has been assistant professor of Maternal and Child Health and instructor in pediatrics and psychiatry, to take a newly created post as director of maternal and child health for the Indians on the Reservations of the Southwest. He will he employed by the U.S. Children's Bureau, on loan to the U.S. Public Health Service, Division of Indian Health, in Albuquerque., N.M.

William CONNER (ME 4, IB 11) on the first of April was sent by Japan Air Lines to be passenger sales manager in Tokyo. The first American to be permanently assigned to the Tokyo staff, Bill "will give special attention to developing services for American clients traveling through Tokyo."

Charlie CRAIG (ME 37) in town briefly to speak to the 400 attending the Annual Convention of the Association of Industrial Editors.

Perry CULLEY (CM 42), sent by the State Department to the Advanced Management Program at Harvard Graduate School of Business Administration, sent along his article on the Program in the Foreign Service Journal.

Edward P. CURTIS (SSU 15) was named in February to the new post of Special Assistant for Aviation Facilities Planning by President Eisenhower. Vice-President of Eastman Kodak Co., he holds a license as a qualified pilot of private planes.

Harold M. CURTISS, Jr. (ME 26) in June left his post as principal of the upper school at the Sidwell Friends School in Washington to devote full time to management of the Waybury Inn, East Middlebury, Vt., which he recently purchased. In the summer, he also operates Keewaydin Camp for boys on Lake Dunmore, Vt., of which he is a director and part-owner.

Allen Y. DAVIS (ME 32, FR 8), manager of the systems and procedures department of Charles Pfizer & Co., Inc., a Brooklyn drug and chemical company, was elected regional vice-president of the Systems and Procedures Association of America for 1955-56.

William K. Du VAL (IB 1) was ordained to the Christian Ministry on 16 December 1955 at the Central Presbyterian Church, Montclair. N.J. Shortly thereafter, he left for a two-year assignment in Geneva. Switzerland.

Charlie EDWARDS (ME 26) writes that he is now in New Wilmington, Pa., as Assistant Professor of Political Science at Westminster College. He has arranged to have an AFSIS student there for 1956-57.

Prescott FAY (SSU 1) sent in the notice of the nomination of Bob ELSNER (ME 32) to the American Alpine Club. A research physiologist with the Arctic Aeromedical Laboratory, Ladd AFB, Alaska, since 1953, Bob has an impressive postwar climbing record (and he did not omit mention of "minor ascents in Lebanon and Anti-Lebanon ranges"). Prescott adds: "The other night my wife and I dined with John BOIT (SSU 2, CM 41) and as he was shaking up the cocktails he glanced around the room and said 'Why this is a real Field Service dinner.' Besides us there were Don MOFFAT (SSU 4) and his wife, Roger GRISWOLD (SSU 2) and his wife, and at that moment in walked John W. AMES, Jr. (SSU 2). . . . I asked John Boit if he had planned it as a AFS dinner, but he said 'No, it just happened that way.' So you see there are quite a few of us old boys around yet! Needless to say it was a most enjoyable evening, quite a bit of it given up to reminiscing."

Jack GRIERSON (SSU 13) writes cheerfully from Château de Baure, Ste Suzanne (B.P.) : "Until last month I had never read from cover to cover the three volumes of The History of the American Field Service in France. What a very good and very bittersweet job it is .... As for self: demobbed in 1945 (honorably!) as a Captain U.S. Air Force, G-2 Police; we came back to France and bought this old sort of manor. Dairy cattle and poultry, without losing too much money on them. The 'we' includes happy wife of 36 years standing; no children. Thirty-odd acres, good climate, and faithful servants. This last item, my friends from the States keep telling me, is of great importance. Everything healthy and happy."

Warren GRINDE (ME 19) in June back from Norway, where since 1950 he had been an Information Specialist with USIS in Oslo and Norwegian correspondent for Newsweek. He writes of getting his highly censorable diary into the country in September 1943: "I tried to think of some likely place in my luggage to stash it away. Finally, in desperation, I decided on a bold move: I'd simply carry the big black book in my hand. It worked. When the customs and security people went through our stuff (and they were very thorough), I stood near by, fatalistically and conspicuously holding the damn diary. They didn't even glance at me, didn't even look up, just waved me on.

John GULICK (ME 37) appointed Assistant Professor of Anthropology and Director of the Cross-Cultural Laboratory in the Institute for Research in Social Science, University of North Carolina. We have only just been told that Viking had published his book about the year he recently spent in a Lebanese village---very serious, very good.

Girard HALE (SSU 636-642), received much publicity this spring as representative of Monaco on the U.S. Pacific Coast; and, according to our information service, he and Mrs. Hale were prominent among the guests at the wedding party and on the royal yacht.

Freeman HERSEY (ME 1) and his wife, both practicing doctors (they met at Columbia Medical School), paid 30th Street a visit while in town on the first Theatre Train from Kalamazoo, Mich.

Bill HOOTON (ME 36, FR 4) is half-hero of a book called Guestward Ho written by his wife Barbara and that sharp quill called (in print) Patrick Dennis, and you have probably already heard about it.

John HUSTED (CM 92) writes that he and his wife and child are now in England, where he is running a branch office of Dominick and Dominick.

Rev. Charles C. JATHO (SSU 19), of St. John's Episcopal Church, Royal Oak, Mich., has personally solicited funds for a second AFS student at the Royal Oak Dondero High School, our local representative writes, adding that he has "done more than any one person on our local committee."

Dr. E. Porter JOHNSON (IB 58) is now minister of the Goldens Bridge Charge Methodist Churches in Connecticut. He has preached for 6 years in Methodist conferences in Maine, Iowa, and New Mexico.

Grima JOHNSON (FR 40, ME 16) is now U.S. Vice Consul in Algiers---an interesting post; and Bayard KING (ME 25) has the same post in San Luis Potosi, Mexico; while George LESTER (ME 1) has been for some time with the consulate in Milan.

Henry M. JONES (ME 26) and Dinwiddie SMITH (IB 9) both with the newly formed firm of Osborne & Thurlow, members of the New York Stock Exchange (offices in New York and Paris).

Dr. Perrin H. LONG (SSU 69) in November spoke on "Liberal Education and the Creative Man" at the Trinity College Convocation on the "Challenge to Liberal Education." The Hartford paper quoted him on the side of the scientists, saving: "Among all creative men, scientists alone have plumbed the secrets of the formation of the universe.

Lowell MESSERSCHMIDT (CM 41) off in June as a member of a 10-week study group to Eastern Europe sponsored by San Francisco State College, the group chosen to include other clergymen, teachers, and so forth who will be able to spread word of what they have seen in Paris, Berlin, Moscow, Prague, Geneva, etc. (flying, of course).

Hugh MILLER (SSU 60), on the Washington Post, was reported as being very helpful to the committee arranging the AFS benefit in May in Washington, D.C.

Ray MITCHELL (ME 39) figures somewhat in an article by Marian (Mrs R.M.) Mitchell and entitled "Our Tony," in the Saturday Evening Post for 7 July 1956. It tells the story of having an AFSIS exchange student in their home for a year.

Robert MONTGOMERY (FR 40) reported as "the first man in professional show business to have a permanent office in the 'White House . . . as consultant, adviser, and coach to President Eisenhower on his television broadcasts to the nation."

Larry MORRIS (SSU 4) writes that since early 1955 he has been at the U.S. Embassy in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. He expects to he there for another two years--- maybe longer."

Phil NELSON (ME 13) in January received a Fellowship in the Department of Psychiatry at Duke.

The late Stephen H. P. PELL (Norton-Harjes SSU 5 and AFS Advisory Board) was honored with the dedication of an American-Canadian ceremony in his memory to celebrate the bicentennial of Fort Ticonderoga, whose reconstruction he started in 1908. At this time was laid the cornerstone of East Barracks, the final portion of the fort to he restored.

George SEARS (CM 87), suddenly stopped drilling oil wells in Texas to go prospecting in Libya with the Libyan-American Oil Co. He was a little unsure how far south and west of Bengazi they would be drilling, but a lab was shipped out ahead of him. We'll forward any hints that come in.

Fred SPENCER (SSU 65) writes: "I am enclosing a picture taken this last September at the location of one of the postes de secours serviced by SSU 65 in 1917 . . . in the Aisne sector. I am standing by the sign which reads Vendresse. The poste was located in a 3-level mushroom cellar somewhere near by. I could not find the exact spot, as after 38 years things have changed---although not too much so, as walls and buildings are still unrepaired in some places."

Chick SQUIRE (ME 37, IB 57) back in June from 4 years in Beirut for a visit to the States. While there he organized two English-language newspapers, of which one he says is still running, though he is now out of newspapers and making a living at free-lance writing. He reports seeing Peggy Davis (Mrs. Tom Winston), also free-lancing in Beirut. And last, but not least, he reports a wife and 3 sons, 2 of which were born in the ME.

Bill STUMP (ME 32, FR 8) is now editing the Easten Bowhunter, a monthly devoted to the bloodier aspects of archery. Norm LADEN, who is on its board (as well as being science editor for the Westchester News and a public relations consultant), claims Bill has served him a venison dinner---felled by his own deft shaft.

Bill THROOP (Syria FF), a Lt.-Col., U.S. Air Reserve, writes from Casablanca: "After 6 years in Paris, I have been here in Maroc for the last 2 1/2---automobile and casualty insurance---somewhat profitable. Mainly with Air Force."

David VAN ALSTYNE (SSU 15) chairman of the New Jersey Salute to Eisenhower Committee.

Bill WALLACE (SSU 4 & 28, FR 40, NY HQ), in town for several weeks in October, paid many visits to the Clubhouse. Full of enthusiasm for the scholarship program and bubbling over with stories of AFS in both wars, many evoked by the pictures of SSU 4 on the walls and others by the pages of the Rue Raynouard scrapbook.

H. A. WEBSTER (HQ, SSU 2) has written: "I wonder if any of your huskies will remember the following, with which some of the AFSers favored Colonel Percy Jones on one of his rare visits to the 'near danger' zone in 1918:

Rassemblement.
Gardy vous!
En avant marche
Like the Frenchmen do.
Oun, do, trois, cat,
What the hell do you think of that
We never used to do like this at home!"

Berkeley WHEELER (SSU 2-27), sending in a couple of addresses we didn't have (for which many thanks), comments on the truly remarkable number of AFSers from Concord, Mass.---spirited, adventurous souls, which is the AFS formula.

Bartlett WICKS (SSU 67) in October was appointed consul for Monaco in Utah, Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, Colorado, and New Mexico. The newspaper report continued: " 'I don't know just what duties it will require,' said Mr. Wicks, who is regional chairman for the American Field Service foreign student exchange group, 'but the thing looks pretty official. I now have a coat of arms, an appointment from Prince Rainier the Third, a badge of office, and a photograph of the prince.'"

Roy WILCOX (TMU 397) got a wonderful spread in the 29 May Look for his award-winning movies of birds and other wildlife.

Pitt WILLAND (ME 32) writes that "the family and I have been in Beirut for something over a year . . . . I'm emphatically not the assistant to the Bishop of Jerusalem but only the representative of the National Council of the Episcopal Church in the Middle East. That means a lot of traveling, among other things, and has brought me back to many very familiar places. I'm off in a few hours for a weekend in Damascus. Aleppo is a frequent destination, as is Jerusalem. Quarterly trips to more distant locations have landed me in Iran, Saudi Arabia, the Persian Gulf. Turkey comes next month." Who wants to gather moss, anyway?

Bayly WINDER (ME 4, FR 5) writes from neighboring Damascus: "Greetings from the old country, where I still occasionally find green memories of the old AFS days among locals of one sort or another. An example: Bahjat, who was the general factotum working with the Spears Mobile Clinics, to which a small group of volunteers was from time to time seconded, now works as a driver for the American Embassy here and always refers to me as 'my Capitaine.' I also caught a glimpse of the AFS contingent working with ARAMCO during a trip this winter to Dhahran. In connection with this and the last Newsletter, my wife observed that Mike CHENEY, when he said my name was a 'household' word among the tribes, might at best have said a 'tenthold' word."

Henry C. WOLFE (TMU 526) has sent us a copy of his very moving piece called "France's Great Qualities," printed in the N.Y. Herald Tribune.

Phil ZEIGLER (ME 16) had to stop his successful extracurricular activity of helping track down addresses of lost AFSers to devote full time to his new job with the management-consultant firm of Bruce Payne and Associates, Westport, Conn., and New York City.

 

WEDDING BELLS

Francis H. Blum (FR 40) and Mrs. Dorothea Lovell, in New York City on 14 November 1955

Arthur Graham Carey (SSU 3) and Eleanor Roxanne Price, in Providence, Rhode Island, on 5 January 1956

Michael Kirchwey Clark (ME 4) and Edmée Jahier, in Algiers during January 1956

Joseph Fromm (CM 40) and Mrs. Gloria May Johnson, in Rome on 10 December 1955

Monroe Allan Gilbert (CM 93, IB 59-T) and Sarah Joan Tuccelli, in New York City on 22 December 1955

R. Stockton B. Hopkins (ME 37, CM 99, IB 59-T) and Elizabeth Wistar Drayton, in Villanova, Pa., on 12 November 1955

Richard McMasters Hunt (IB 57) and Priscilla Stevenson, in Oberlin, Ohio, on 22 October 1955. Among the ushers were Bastard Clarkson, and Samuel Walker.

Arthur West Little, Jr. (Syria FF) and Harriette Smith Netcher, in Beverley Hills, Calif., on 15 November 1955

Perrin Hamilton Long, Jr. (CM 105, lB 59-T) and Cecily Clark, in Chestnut Hill, Mass., on 10 September 1955

William Slocum Tilghman (CM 49, FR 6), in November 1955

Arthur Foster Williams (FR 4) and Hanne Wrede Nielsen, in June 1956

 

IN MEMORIAM

We regretfully announce the deaths of the following members and friends of the American Field Service:

Edward Lyman Bill (SSU 4)---22 April 1956
Louis Bromfield (Paris HQ)---17 March 1956
Emmanuel de Rode (Lt., SSU 3)---April 1956
John Taylor French (TMU 184)---5 December 1954
Henry Ordway Furbish (TMU 397)---2 September 1953
Hugh Gallaher (TMU 184)---1 April 1956
Frank Albert Grady (TMU 184)---1955
Herbert Dudley Hale (SSU 3)---17 November 1954
Raymond Harper (SSU 8-2)---13 February 1956
Benjamin Henderson (SSU 626)---1955
Daniel James (IB 16)---17 December 1955
Theodore Walser Janeway (IB 18)---3 June 1956
Alan Duncan Kinsley (SSU 13)---8 February 1954
Philip Curtis Lewis (SSU 1)---9 March 1956
Arthur Edward MacNamee (TMU 184)---28 October 1955
Arthur Roy Moffatt (ME 16)---14 September 1955
Paul Niesley (TMU 397)---31 March 1956
Chauncey McCormick (Representative)---1955
Ross Henry Pentz (TMU 133)---7 August 1954
Joseph Smith Richardson (SSU 10)---25 September 1955
John Arnold Scudder (TMU 526)---4 June 1955
Frederick MT. Simonds (Norton-Harjes, Representative)-3 August 1955
John Howard Tedford (TMU 133)---16 November 1955
Roger Calverly Tyler (ME 2)---20 July 1954
James Stratton Walker (Norton-Harjes)---28 May, 1955
Philip Wharton (CM 86)---20 May 1950
Ray Evan Williams (SSU 12)---28 June 1956
Roger Winship (TMU 184)---1955
Thornton Claflin Young (ME 37)---26 May 1956

LOUIS BROMFIELD

Louis Bromfield's death leaves such a void in AFS because it seemed that he was always connected in some way with anything that had to do with the Field Service. His description of Rue Raynouard in The Green Bay Tree gave a wonderful background picture of the busy headquarters of 1915-1917 Louis was never too busy in his brilliant career to remember AFS---serving on the Board of Directors and lending his talents whenever asked for. His reception of the bus trips was of course the highlight of the foreign kids' journey through this country. He would keep them up all night with stories and conversations to their delight. There will he sadness in hundreds of hearts in many countries now---because in one evening he gave them so much of his intelligence and affection.

HERBERT DUDLEY HALE

Herbert Dudley Hale, one of the very first volunteers and with Casey the first to be decorated with the Croix de Guerre, was a mainstay of his section. His humor was always a source of delight, his keen mind shortened many long days 'en repos,' and it was uncanny to see how many French soldiers knew him, laughed with him, and loved him. He had done many things of value since, but somehow the vivid picture remains of him with those very gallant gentlemen Waldo Peirce and Doc Casey---aware of the full flavor of the life as it was at the front.

RAYMOND HARPER

Raymond Harper left behind perhaps more AFS friends than anyone else. He seemed to know everyone, and later in Paris everyone visited him. He had a love for and an understanding of France, and his name will always be linked with his desire to solidify the friendship between our country and France. He became very interested in the student program and did much to make it succeed in Princeton. A brilliant mind, so useful in the field of law, and a loyal and devoted friend, he did much to make the AFS the organization it is now.

PAUL NIESLEY

Patti Niesley never missed a reunion nor shirked any demands s that were made of him to help the AFS. His happy personality and his friendliness will be missed so much, for he had so much to give.

JOSEPH SMITH RICHARDSON

Joe Richardson, who was the first to volunteer to go to the Salonica front, because there was a special job to be done there, and who took over the Section at the time of Henry Suckley's death, served the AFS with courage and ability. The scholarship that has been given in his memory will give boys and girls from all the world the opportunity to know of him and to learn through his example what kind of leadership brings success.

RAY EVAN WILLIAMS

Ray Williams died on June 28, and his loss is not only that of a friend to so many of us, but it is a loss to the AFS student program. When Ray made up his mind that this was a good program, he jumped in with his heart and energy and made Shreveport aware of the AFS. When it looked as if he was to be well again, he said he would give up everything except AFS. A great quarter-miler---Olympic choice if the war hadn't cancelled the games---he brought to the AFS in France that energy which made him such a fine volunteer. His humor and warmth endeared him to all.

 

GIFTS OF SECURITIES

Just to remind you that gifts of securities to the American Field Service are tax deductible and that contributions of that type can be most advantageous for all.

The vital point is that you get credit for income-tax purposes on the market value of the stock at the time of the gift, and yet you do not have to pay any income tax or capital-gains tax on the profit that you had. For example, if you make a gift of stock that originally cost you $200 but is now worth $1,200, you save all taxes on the $1,000 profit and yet you receive credit for the full $1,200 in contributions.

It can also be worked out that, if the donor's income is large enough, gifts of securities to AFS may actually save the donor money.

FOR SALE

The beer mug and cigarette box illustrated in the accompanying photograph are made by the Stoneleigh Arts and Craft Studio for Ross R. Alexander (CM 94). The beer mug, gold and white, costs $3.50; the cigarette box, gold on black, $4.95. The gold can be bright or dulled. Order through American Field Service, 113 East 30th Street, New York 16, N.Y.

The official AFS necktie has proved popular. It is triade of silk rep with thin stripes of red, white, blue, and gold on a medium gray ground. Regular ties, $2.50; bow ties, $1.75.

 

BRITISH MEMBERSHIP

Welcome letters have been received from F. H. J. Brown, John T. Guise, Ernest James (Madge) Madgwick, and Stanley (Rocky) Knight. Brown kindly sent along one of the photographs of AFS on file in the Imperial War Museum in London ("not on show to the public but can he had on application"). John Guise is still with Vauxhall Motors and sends "regards and best wishes to all my old friends and a special hello to Fred Hoeing and John Wisotzky."

Ernie Madgwick tells us that he is "now an officer in the National Brotherhood Movement (Inc.). . . As a movement, we seek to foster good will in industry, in social life, and in the local councils. Whenever possible we nominate candidates for local government work, seeking always to improve relations with our fellow men. It is with our motto---'All ye are Brothers'---in mind that I can see the vast amount of good you guys can still do through your organization."

Stan (Rocky) Knight came to the States last fall on a ship bearing a load of AFS exchange students, who found him "entertaining" and "distinguished." He is now living at 1906 East First Street, Long Beach 2, Calif. He has written asking advice and assistance, as follows: "Subsequent to my demobilization I ran a small business on my own account which folded through insufficient capital; and then a desire-for-security phase brought about my serving as a London bobby for two years, which, whilst being instructive, was not particularly lucrative, . . . I resigned to take on a job as credit manager for a London company of wholesalers and retailers, which entailed every aspect of credit from the initial sanctioning of the credit through the various steps to ensure payment on to the handling of the litigation in the equivalent of what I believe is known here as small-claim courts. In addition, I handled the advertising (proofs, lay-outs, etc.), publicity stunts, staff (hiring-firing). I held this position for almost 8 years---until just prior to my departure from England.

"I would like to secure employment as a salesman with a reputable organization or in any other capacity where initiative is required. The California employment folk have me listed under the quaint classification of "executive type," which has a faintly English ring to it .... Thus you will see that the field is wide open, and any offer that may he forthcoming will be welcome."

PETER COKER WRITES:

A recent letter from Jock Crawford brought the news that he has now moved to Thornliebank, just outside Glasgow. He enclosed photographs of his wife and two daughters (aged 18 and 8) and also of the SCWS truck that he is driving these days.

Jock Harvey, conductor of No. 2 LAD, India-Burma, writes from Kirkwell in Orkney that he married shortly after demobilization and for the past 3 years has been operating Bedford buses. This keeps him busy.

Another Scot who has written recently is the diminutive driver of 567 Coy, Jock Scully. He stayed in the Army for some 9 years after the war and saw service in Korea, where he had a lucky escape when his lorry, laden with 25-pounder ammunition, went over the top of a cliff. He was married in August and we all wish him luck.

John Watkins, the red-headed coach-trimmer, was also with 567. After the war he returned to his job with the railways. He is married and has two children and when last seen had put on considerable weight, which he put down to the bracing air of his home town, Brighton.

After many years of silence, a letter has been received from Ted Tame, the 6-a-day fitter of early 567 days. He earned his nickname by the speed with which he could change the petrol racks from the wings to the sides of the ambulances. Now working on a farm at Hungerford, he is troubled by ulcers and has visited hospital for the second time in two years.

Mrs. John Saunders, who as Joan Harborne was in the States in 1948 under AFSIS, still has many happy memories of those days. She and her husband are now running the Plough Inn at Tetbury, a small village in Gloucestershire. Joan has two children, a girl of five and a boy of one, and finds time to run a nursery play centre for (among others) the children of U.S. service families in the area.

There is news of David Jenkins, who was in America with an AFS scholarship in 1953. He has just completed his National Service as a 2nd Lieutenant in the 3rd Carabiniers and is now at Magdalen College, Cambridge, to study theology. He intends eventually to he ordained a Minister of the Church of England.

Short notes: Ken Morrissey now Vauxhall-Bedford salesman for Hampshire. Arthur Day settled in Dunedin, N.Z. Charlie Baxter shortly to go on another tour of overseas duty, starting with Korea. Johnny Odell's "Matchbox" series of toys is selling very well and is now crashing the Canadian and U.S. markets. He has had to extend to another factory.

The Tenth Annual Reunion was held at the Clarendon Restaurant, London, on 17 September. It was attended by 30 members, wives, and friends: Peter Coker and Charlie Baxter . . . Jim Angell, Roy Sampson, Jimmy Pidgeley, and Ken Morrissey, all accompanied by their wives, and Wickenden, who is still unmarried . . . George and Daphne Beever, accompanied by Daphne's mother and George's friend, Reg Pursehouse, with his wife Nan . . . Jock Skinner and his friend Claude Grant from Kinlochleven . . . Ginger Watkins . . . Reg and Gwen Tate . . . Tommy and Lillian Trinder, accompanied by John Guise and his wife . . . Johnny and Joan Odell . . . Walter Goldstein . . . and Syd Walker and his wife.

The 1956 reunion will he held at the Imperial Hotel, Birmingham. on Saturday, September 29th, from 6:30 to 11 p.m. All reunion subscriptions and enquiries should he sent to Peter A. Coker, 16 Holly Copse. Stevenage, Herts.

 

Italy Revisited

Perhaps some of the members of 567 Coy, especially D Platoon, will be interested to hear that this last August 1 spent 4 days in Forli with my wife, visiting the Focacci family. Carl Zeigler, Willie Wakefield, "Junior" Zukowski, Gib Hazard and I spent 2 months during the winter of '44-'45 billeted in the Focacci's living room. I think that Joe Tankoos and Chet billets were just across the hall from us.

Joan and I flew over from London to Milan and took the train down to Forli, via Bologna and Faenza. At the station we were met by Giovanni Focacci, now a fine-looking young man of 18 though only 8 years old in 1944. It seemed like the old days as, driving back from the station in a taxi, we pulled over to let a number of NATO tanks rumble past. Livia (Signora Focacci) and Maurizio (now 16) greeted us at their home (Via Merlonia 17), and Antonio arrive about half an hour later. They all looked fine and asked about all whom I mentioned above. These old cobbers will no doubt remember how we went out and bought a stove for our room and struggled with it up 4 flights of stairs. Well, the old stove (in which we burned anything which wasn't nailed down, including some wood intended for Bailey bridges---burning our bridges before us--- and started with bunches of cordite) was no longer in the room. But there it was at the foot of the stairs. What a sentimental sight!

I walked by our old mess and D Platoon HQ just around the corner from Via Porta Merlonia. Appropriately enough, there is a flashy little bar adjoining it now. I can't remember the name of the boy who cleaned for us, shined our shoes, etc. But he is still there, working now in a cabinet shop a few doors down from the Focacci's. And I had my hair cut by a barber near Via Porta who said he remembered the AFS very well---well enough so that I felt obliged to overtip him.

Forli, like most of northern Italy, looks very prosperous. You still see a few scars of the war, but not many. One day Maurizio rode me on his motorcycle up to Faenza along what we knew as Route 9. You'd never know it now, with all the new gasoline stations, shops, and villas that have sprung up beside it. Another day we went out to the Focacci's little farm just northwest of Forli, not far from "Stonk Corner" and that area we all remember so well. Here, too, all the scars of the war have been nearly obliterated. The only reminder I noted was a Polish divisional insignia painted on the side of the Focacci farmhouse.

The Focacci's took us on a sightseeing trip to Ravenna and San Marino. On the way to the latter we passed 567 Coy HQ near Forlimpopoli---that peculiar castle-like villa just off the road. That day we lunched in a pensione in Rimini. The owner said that she had mostly Germans in her establishment and that the whole are was a favorite vacation spot for Germans. Tempora mutantur, nos et mutamur in illis. And on the way back to Forli we passed through all those so-well-remembered places--- San Arcangelo, Cesena, and all the others.

---W.S. PRINCE (CM 88)

 

MEMORIALS

Memorials to AFS and its members are scattered around the globe. Those in Cairo, Egypt, and Pont-à-Mousson, France, have just recently been brought to our attention. A room dedicated to the memory of John Wilder-Parkhurst (IB 12) is being arranged at Dartmouth where there is already a memorial to Richard Neville Hall (SSU 3). And memorial tablets are being erected in New York and Paris.

AFS would like to be told of any such memorials--- to the service or to its members---that you may know of. To be thorough about it, we would like to know where they are, what they say, and what they look like ( photographs would be most welcome) . In addition to the 3 great collections of memorabilia at AFS House, Blérancourt, and Piatt Andrew's home ("Red Roof," in Gloucester, Mass.), the service is represented in the Museum of the City of New York; Mormon Temple Museum, Salt Lake City; and the museums of Norfolk, Philadelphia, and Richmond. Do you know of any others?

*****

Bill Phillips (ME 32) writes that he has been informed that there is a handsome and large granite plaque on a column in the English Cathedral in Cairo commemorating the AFS killed in the Desert." Bill had arranged for this to be erected some years ago, but no one knew whether the work had been completed; nor are we yet sure that what is there is what was specified. We will publish a picture when one is available.

As we shall most certainly do in the case of the plaque now being erected on the site of 21 rue Raynouard. Donald Moffat (SSU 4) created the text, and Julian Allen (SSU 4-29) has got permission for it to be erected and is currently completing the arrangements to have the plaque made and put in place.

Of the memorials at Dartmouth, Mr. Richard Parkhurst has written: "The Hall Memorial (two bronze reliefs set in rose marble, with the legend 'Died for France and the Freedom of Nations') is just inside the west entrance to Baker Library, the central building on the Dartmouth campus. The John Wilder Parkhurst Memorial is really divided into two parts, the first of which [was described in the Newsletter of March 1955]. The second part of the Memorial is a small private office directly off the main office of the President and used for his purposes in such small conferences or for his own personal needs as may suggest themselves to him. On the door of this room appears a plaque which reads 'The Parkhurst Room / Gift of Richard and Katharine Ryder Parkhurst / In Proud and Loving Remembrance of their son / John Wilder Parkhurst / April 21, 1955.' This room is quietly but, I hope, tastefully furnished, and we are going to add to some of the things now there by such other material as we may from time to time select. In the meantime, a photograph of John Parkhurst is in the room, along with an available file telling something of his overseas service."

 

MEMORIAL DAY

At the annual ceremony in the Grand Salon of the French Line Pier (48th Street), held to honor the memory of the Americans and Frenchmen who died under the French flag in the last two wars, Stephen H. ROWAN (CM 40) represented the AFS and spoke a few words. AFS was frequently and affectionately mentioned during the tasteful and moving service, which included a reading of the names of the AFS men killed while with the French in both wars.

Bronze tablets containing all names but those from World War One have already been erected. The tablet containing the missing names has been prepared and is now being put in place, thanks to the generosity of Kenneth L. AUSTIN (SSU 4-8) and Raymond P. FOWLER (TMU 184, ME 26).

This ceremony at the French Line Pier provides the ideal nucleus for an annual AFS reunion. Starting on 31 May 1957, therefore, AFS will hold open house after the ceremony (approximately 4 p.m.): Make your plans now to be present.

 

THE COLLECTIONS

The most impressive addition to the collections has been caused by the emptying of Stephen GALATTI'S basement. Books about AFS and WW I, a bulging map case, packets of photographs, a shelf of files (orderly but quite dusty), much of the material for the First War History, and a wooden sign (pierced by something larger than a termite) reading: "Défense de stationer sur cette place. Observateurs Boches au dessus de la crête de Forimond." Among these treasures is an extremely heavy chunk of cast metal, bearing the label: "Fragment of bell that hung in church at Esnes (Hill 304), France-Verdun front---destroyed during the World War. Found by member of Section 4---1917." Can anyone tell us the story of this?

Finally he brought the grandest prize of all-the scrapbook from Rue Raynouard---of which he has written as follows: "It's full of all the publicity of those days: Will Irwin's article in the Saturday Evening Post about 'the kid' Julian Allen; and again in the Post Poet Laureate John Masefield's visit to our sections; Mrs. W. K. Vanderbilt's visit to the front, ghost written by Preston Lockwood for Harper's Magazine; and the big spreads of the reception of the film all over the country; and then all the publicity of the FIRSTS---first Americans in the Balkans, first unit to raise the American flag at the front on America's declaration of war, first Americans to go to the officers' school in France, and the tragedy of the first Americans to be killed after the declaration of war, first section to receive the fouragère, etc., etc. Worth your coming in to look at."

One clipping, dateless, in its entirety reads: "Several new features are adding to the entertainment at the Olympia, which has long had the appearance of unofficial headquarters of the American Ambulance men." Another is headed: "William H. Wallace again cited for field bravery."

Two moving collections have been received: a trunk of belongings of Richard Neville HALL and a package of things belonging to John Verplanck NEWLIN (SSU 29). The latter was sent in by John Newlin HOBBS (ME 4), his nephew. Along with some photographs, and a painted memorial plaque were Newlin's citations and medals---two Croix de Guerre and the Médaille Militaire. Hall's trunk contained clothing, a bullet-pierced trench periscope, a Houchin stove, a metal flask, and many other fascinating objects of daily use---including a harmonica. We are pleased and honored that heir families have given us these precious souvenirs.

Four artists have contributed works of their creation: Carroll AUMENT (ME 37) has given a watercolor sketch of the town of Baalbec, done while he was there, expressing its uniquely luminous atmosphere. Cyrus Le Roy BALDRIDGE (TMU 184) sent us his oil painting entitled November 11th (reproduced on page 161 of his autobiography, Time and Chance) under a clearing sky two soldiers rise as though they had not been able to stand up for a long time. It is a very moving picture. Cliff SABER (ME 16) brought in a print of the poster he did for AFS during the war and told us that he expects to have his war book published, profusely illustrated by his excellent watercolors; this is something to look forward to. And also, from Roswell SANDERS (SSU 4) in Cagnes s/Mer, A.M., a package of bowls and ashtrays for us with the AFS emblem-handsome and practical and, like almost everything we get, very welcome.

Arch DUDGEON (SSU 14) and Harry FRANTZ (SSU 10) sent in a complementary pair of 'affiches'---Gallieni's notice of 3 September 1914 reading "J'ai reçu le mandat de défendre Paris contre l'envahisseur. Ce mandat, je le remplirai jusqu'au bout," and the Bulletin des Communes for 12 September announcing that indeed he had. With these hangs a detailed three-panel picture of the placement of the troops during that battle, brought in by Robert Charles WIGAND (SSU 4), who had earlier brought a most unusual flag. It is a red cross on a white circle superimposed on the Stars and Stripes which in turn is superimposed on a Tricolor; in the four corners are visible the places where SSAA had been; and from the center of the top hang three small dolls of thread (good-luck symbols, but does anyone remember what they were called?). Wigand said he took the flag off the wall at the time of the break-up of the Section in the fall of 1917---and thank heaven he did. Judging from the way the flag has frayed, it would seem to have be flown on a car.

Two hoards of papers from Joshua G. B. CAMPBELL (SSU 1) and Thomas MEANS (TMU 526)---photographs, pamphlets, Bulletins, and maps, which fill in gaps in the various collections and add new dimensions---such as the book of color plates of uniforms of the First War and Henry's Pal (who has a strong resemblance to Sad Sack). From Bartlett WICKS (SSU 67) the copies of AFS Bulletins to fill out another complete set; from Clarence V. S. MITCHELL (Norton-Harjes) a framed copy of the magnificent poster showing the Kaiser being overwhelmed by the massed flags of the Allied Nations; from Elmer ROSE (SSU 17) a fancily decorated shell case, suitable for the most fastidious parlor, and a watercolor "A Wet Day in the Somme Country" (and very wet, too) ; from William Barclay PARSONS (HQ) the handsome Certificate of Service of the Parson's ambulance (First War); and from Walter B. CRANE (SSU 625), specially printed and enlarged, the picture of the "Minen Werfer Höhle" taken by Tom Ryan, also a picture of members of SSU 1 taken in June 1918 (including ROBERTS, who was wounded in front of the Hohle, and Grosse Pipe BRENNAN). It is all very exciting---to see these things and to watch the collections grow---into something to be very proud of.

 

THE LIBRARY

First place on the library shelves this time must go to Chas Grant's tremendous Souvenirs 1917-1955, University of California Section, American Field Service, attached to Transport Motor Unit 133--Mallet Reserve Corps, Sixth French Army May-November 1917---a labor of art and love giving the whole story of the organization from the earliest days, with special emphasis on the careers of the members of TMU 133, over 300 pages (9" x 11") profusely illustrated. For anyone interested, Chas has put in a special note: ''A copy of this book will be sent free of charge to anyone making a minimum donation of $25 to AFSIS. Checks should he made payable to American Field Service International Scholarships and mailed to Charles H. Grant, 924 Hillcroft Circle, Oakland 10, California, who will forward them to Stephen Galatti requesting acknowledgment to the donor and at the same time will send the book to the address requested. This offer is limited to the present supply of books." The last pages are a description of the Section's 1955 reunion, at which there were present 16 of a possible 29. Held at the home of LeRoy KRUSI, this sounded wonderful too.

Our thanks to the following for sending the Library copies of their books: Croswell BOWEN (ME 1) for They Went Wrong, several chilling accounts of criminals; Ray HAUSERMAN (IB 1) for his translation of Who, Thou, the Revolutionary? by Janardan Mukherjee, the account of the 5 days at Thakur's ashram that converted him from Communism ; Dunbar HINRICHS (TMU 526, ME 16, FR 4) for The Fateful Voyage of Captain Kidd, which gives a new view of the so-called pirate in the light of his recent research; Edward WEEKS (SSU 71) for The Open Heart, autobiography as refreshing as it is wise.

We have skimped on the above to quote from The Power to Go by Merrill DENISON (SSU 4), a history of the automotive industry, that gives AFS in World War I a pioneering character beyond our WW II imagining:

"Great Britain declared war on Germany August 4, 1914. Since 1900 approximately 2,200,000 passenger cars and trucks had been manufactured in the U.S., of which certainly not more than 2,000,000 were in use during the first summer of WW I. . . During the same 1900-1914 period the horses and mules on American farms had increased from approximately 18,000,000 to 25,000,000. The public at large had still to he convinced of the motorcar's dependability under any and all conditions. One wide area of future use---mechanized farming---had been opened, but another remained virtually untouched. At the beginning of WW I, neither the U.S. Army nor that of any European nation, had a single motorized supply column. Although our military men had experimented with trucks and ambulances and even armored cars, their stubborn faith in the transport mule and cavalry was hard to dislodge.

"The internal-combustion engine proved dramatically its utility as a wartime power tool. In September 1914, with German cavalry on the outskirts of Paris, the military governor, General Joseph Simon Gallieni, requisitioned the city's 4,000 taxicabs, most of them decrepit two-cylinder Renaults, packing them with 80,000 troops, 5 to a vehicle, and chugged forth to stop the German Army on the Marne. The surprise attack upset the German schedule and changed the course of WW I.

"Americans in Paris secured 10 Model-T chassis from Harold White, manager of the Ford assembly plant at Levallois-Perret, a Paris suburb. With the help of a local carriage builder and a few men remaining in the plant, simple ambulance bodies were contrived with 2 stretchers under a canvas top. A plank on the gasoline tank was the driver's seat; over his head was the open sky. Such were the beginnings of the American Ambulance Corps, later to become the AFS. . . . The organization eventually put 3,000 of the little homemade Ford ambulances in the field. By 1917 AFS sections were handling all front-line evacuations for the French Army and also operating several fleets of Pierce-Arrow 3-ton trucks. Under the most gruelling wartime conditions imaginable the motor vehicle proved itself as capable as it had in peacetime.

"Profiting by the French experience, the U.S. Army moved across the Mexican border in March 1916, accompanied by 74 truck columns, mostly Dodges. But the Battle of Verdun that autumn and winter established finally the indispensability of the motor vehicle in modern warfare. With all rail communication to the fortress cut, a 34-mile stretch of road from Verdun to Bar-le-Duc, 'La Voie Sacrée'---The Sacred Way---became the sole line of supply. Along it from dusk to dawn, night after perilous night for 6 long months, moved troops, ambulances, artillery trains, and 6,000 light and heavy trucks carrying food, munitions, and supplies to the beleaguered garrison...

"By 1916, 3,618,000 motorcars and trucks were rolling along America's streets and roads, but a decisive argument in securing passage of the new Federal Road Act was the record of Verdun's Sacred Way... In the new psychological climate, the automobile began to assume a different character. Except for commercial uses, and these as yet were by no means widespread, ownership of a car was largely a personal self-indulgence and it was taxed as such to provide war revenue... The shift from luxury to necessity had begun... Six weeks after the U.S. declared war, however, the U.S. Army placed its first order for motorized vehicles, 3,000 Ford ambulances, Pierce-Arrow, Packard, Dodge, White, Mack, and others built 3,000 3-ton trucks for the French and British armies and the American Field Service."

Pont-à-Mousson, Place Duroc

"The ugly memorial fountain to the American Ambulance unfortunately was
not destroyed in WW II" --- H. B. Willis (SSU 2, FR 40)

 

American Field Service History, 1920-1955

This mammoth job is finally ready. Printing has proved slower than anticipated, but copies are promised for no later than 20 September and will he sent out immediately. We thank all subscribers for their patience.

This is a pleasant opportunity to thank the many contributors to the volume: for the maps, thanks to F. T. Chapman; for the photographs, thanks to J. P. Brinton Ill, A. D. Brixey, Jr., A. T. Brown, O. L. Carson, J. C. Cobb, L. B. Cuddy, Jr., W. K. Du Val, J. B. Ferguson, George Holton, H. Larner, A. McElwain, D. C. Morrill, H. H. Powel, W. S. Prince. L. M. Purnell, R. L. Stockton, H. C. White, M. D. Wright, and C. F. Zeigler; and to the authors, along with thanks, the acknowledgment that but for them there would he no history: J. Addoms, L. M. Allen, T. M. Allen, R. M. Applewhite, R. F. Ashmun, D. G. Atwood, R. F. Babcock, T. Barhour II, L. B. Barretto, T. Barton, V. J. Bell, Jr., J. Belmont, M. W. Belshaw, S. Benson, L. L. Biddle, Jr., J. G. Birkett, R. F. Blair, V. Y. Bowditch, E. O. Bowles, W. D. Brewer, J. H. Brewster, D. G. Briggs, H. S. Brod, J. P. Brown, W. B. Brown, R. A. Burdick.

Also, E. H. Cady, M. Cary, W. B. Chamberlin III, H. P. Chandler, O. Chatfield-Taylor, F. B. Cliffe, S. E. Cole, T. O. Cole, C. H. Coster, D. B. Cowles, T. W S. Craven. L. B. Cuddy, Jr., E. Curtin, C. C. Curtis, E. C. Custer, A. Y. Davis, E. H. Davis, L. M. De Maine, T. N. DePew, T. Dolan IV, W. K. Du Val, N. C. Eddy, C. P. Edwards, C. W. Edwards, D. N. Elberfeld, J. M. Evans, J. K. S. Fearnley, N. D. Fenn, J. B. Ferguson. C. M. Field, E. A. Fiero, J. From, S. Galatti, A. C. Geer, P. Gilbert, Jr., N. M. Gilliam, P. C. T. Glenn, T. O. Greenough, R. A. Grey, T. Hale, M. G. Hall, R. T. Hamilton, F. P. Hamlin, G. R. Hammond, W. T. C. Hannah, M. G. Hastings, L. Hill, D. M. Hinrichs, J. N. Hobbs, J. C. Hodel, F. W. Hoeing, K. G. Holland, G. E. Holton, J. P. Horton, A. Howe, Jr., D. Hyatt, C. B. Ives, S. K. Jacobs, E. Jacobsen, P. C. Jarrell, C. N. Jefferys, A. T. Jeffress, C. F. Jenkins, N. O. Jenkins, G. S. Jenkins, A. G. Johnson, R. W. Johnston, D. C. Jones, R. E. Kennedy, F. Kern, Jr., G. F. J. King, R. B. Kohnstamm, H. Larner, C. P. Larrowe, R. J. Latham. J. A. Lester, Jr., M. E. Long, W. B. Lovelace.

Also, A. T. Mackay, R. Mann, G. R. Marsh, W. L. Marsh, A. R. Martin, D. L. McCollester, A. McElwain, G. F. McKay, W. P. Meleney, H. P. Metcalf, C. J. Milne IV, R. M. Mitchell, D. W. Moor, C. Morley, Jr., P. U. Muir, T. E. Munce, J. F. Murray, J. E. Nettleton, J. L. Nierenberg, H. F. Nomer, N. Noves, J. T. Ogden, R. E. Paddock, H. Parker, A. P. Parsell, Jr., J. R. Patrick, R. E. Paulson, B. C. Payne, J. de J. Pemberton, Jr., C. E. Perkins, W. H. Ferry, W. W. Phillips, H. L. Pierce, R. S. Pierrepont, A. Randall, R. S. Richmond, W. I. Riegelman, E. D. Ripley, R. A. Schroth, F. N. Scott, L. Semple III, T. W. Shepard, E. H. Sieber, R. F. Skillings, C. S. Snead, E. M. Spavin, D. Spencer, K. P. Stephens, A. M. P. Stratton, A. R. Stuyvesant, R. B. Taylor, G. E. Tener. E. W. Thomas II, R. Thomsen, R. C. Tripp, J. R. UlIman. R. C. Vivian, F. W. Wackernagel, W. H. Wallace, Jr., L. Warren, P. B. Warren, W. D. Watson, L. V. White, R. B. Whiteside, H. B. Willis, C. M. Wright, D. M. Wright, J. C. Willie, R. L. Yancey, and C. F. Zeigler.

The History is more than a record of who went where and when. It is, so far as possible, a compendium of what it felt like to be in the AFS at any time between 1920 and 1955. The emphasis falls on World War II, but other activities have not been overlooked. Do you want to know what the AFS did between 1919 and 1939? Read about Blérancourt and the AFS Fellowships for French Universities. Are you curious about what had happened before you got overseas (or after you came home) ? Do you want to know more about how the current International Scholarships program works? It's all there, and lots more besides: The story of the Volunteer who told the General to stick to his own business, the two who tried to sell an MP a stolen jeep, Christmas in Poona, the incredible heroics at Bir Hakim. It's a fantastic story, as you well know.

Over 700 pages, plus 4 maps and 69 photographs, many names. Not previously announced: a list of abbreviations, with glossary, and a bibliography of writings about AFS and AFSIS that is much larger than you'd suspect.

THE SUPPLY IS LIMITED. ORDER NOW.

LETTERPRESS BY CARNEGIE PRESS, INC., NEW YORK CITY